ASTM International

ASTM E1316 - 11b Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations


Source: ASTM International

The terms found in this standard are intended to be used uniformly and consistently in all nondestructive testing standards. The purpose of this standard is to promote a clear understanding and interpretation of the NDT standards in which they are used.

1. Scope

1.1 This standard defines the terminology used in the standards prepared by the E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing. These nondestructive testing (NDT) methods include: acoustic emission, electromagnetic testing, gamma- and X-radiology, leak testing, liquid penetrant testing, magnetic particle testing, neutron radiology and gauging, ultrasonic testing, and other technical methods.

1.2 Committee E07 recognizes that the terms examination, testing and inspection are commonly used as synonyms in nondestructive testing. For uniformity and consistency in E07 nondestructive testing standards, Committee E07 encourages the use of the term examination and its derivatives when describing the application of nondestructive test methods. There are, however, appropriate exceptions when the term test and its derivatives may be used to describe the application of a nondestructive test, such as measurements which produce a numeric result (for example, when using the leak testing method to perform a leak test on a component, or an ultrasonic measurement of velocity). Additionally, the term test should be used when referring to the NDT method, that is, Radiologic Testing (RT), Ultrasonic Testing (UT), and so forth. (Example: Radiologic Testing (RT) is often used to examine material to detect internal discontinuities.)

1.3 Section A defines terms that are common to multiple NDT methods, whereas, the subsequent sections define terms pertaining to specific NDT methods.

1.4 As shown on the chart below, when nondestructive testing produces an indication, the indication is subject to interpretation as false, nonrelevant or relevant. If it has been interpreted as relevant, the necessary subsequent evaluation will result in the decision to accept or reject the material. With the exception of accept and reject, which retain the meaning found in most dictionaries, all the words used in the chart are defined in Section A.

0 Black light inspection; Conductance and conductivity (electrical); Differential data; Discontinuities; Eddy current examination; Electromagnetic (eddy current) testing; Acoustic emission (AE) testing; Attenuation; Ferromagnetic material/testing; Fluorescence; Gamma/X-radiography; Permeability; Pressure testing; Probe methods; Radiographic examination; Saturation; Signal-to-noise ratio; Surface analysis; Terminology--metals/alloys materials/applications; Terminology--nondestructive testing; Thermal conductance/conductivity; Ultrasonic testing; Vacuum testing; X-radiography; Harmonic distortion; Hermeticity--electron devices; Hysteresis effects; Image analysis; Immersion; Impedance; Ionizing radiation; Leak testing; Magnetic particle inspection; Mass spectrometry; Neutron radiation; Nondestructive evaluation (NDE); Penetrameters; Penetrant inspection

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 01.040.19 (Testing (Vocabularies)); 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)

DOI: 10.1520/E1316-11B

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