ASTM International

ASTM F1487 - 11 standard consumer safety performance specification for playground equipment for public use


Source: ASTM International

1. Scope

1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance standards for various types of public playground equipment. Its purpose is to reduce life-threatening and debilitating injuries.

1.2 The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 2-year-old through the 95th percentile 12-year-old.

1.3 Home playground equipment, toys, amusement rides, sports equipment, fitness equipment intended for users over the age of 12, public use play equipment for children 6 to 24 months, and soft contained play equipment are not included in this specification.

1.4 Products or materials (site furnishings) that are installed outside the equipment use zone, such as benches, tables, independent shade structures, and borders used to contain protective surfacing, are not considered playground equipment and are not included in this specification.

1.5 This specification does not address accessibility, except as it pertains to safety issues not covered in the DOJ 2010 Standard for Accessible Design.

1.6 This consumer safety performance specification includes the following sections:

Title: Section Number

Scope: 1
Referenced Documents: 2
Terminology: 3
Materials and Manufacture: 4
General Requirements: 5
Performance Requirements: 6
Requirements for Access/Egress: 7
Equipment: 8
Playground Layout: 9
Accessibility: 10
Installation: 11
Structural Integrity: 12
Maintenance: 13
Labeling: 14
Information Signage and Labels: 15
Keywords: 16
Figures: Annex A1

1.7 General Measures, Tolerances, and Conversions:

1.7.1 The general tolerances for this specification (unless otherwise specified) are as follows:

Dimension: Tolerance
X in.: ±0.5 in.
X.X in.: ±0.05 in.
X.XX in.: ±0.005 in.

These tolerances still apply to a dimension even when terms like greater than, less than, minimum, or maximum are used.

1.7.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only.

1.7.3 The conversion factor from inch-pound to metric units is 1 in. = 25.4 mm, and 1 lb = 0.45359 kg.

1.7.4 See Annex A1 for figures referenced throughout this specification.

1.7.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)

ASTM Standards
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
F698 Specification for Physical Information to be Provided for Amusement Rides and Devices
F846 Guide for Testing Performance of Amusement Rides and Devices
F853 Practice for Maintenance Procedures for Amusement Rides and Devices
F893 Guide for Auditing Amusement Rides and Devices
F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety
F1004 Consumer Safety Specification for Expansion Gates and Expandable Enclosures
F1077 Guide for Selection of Committee F16 Fastener Specifications
F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment
F1159 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion Amusement Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures
F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment
F1918 Safety Performance Specification for Soft Contained Play Equipment
F1951 Specification for Determination of Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment
F2373 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months

ANSI Standards
ANSIZ535.4 Products Safety--Signs and Labels

Federal Standards
DOJ2010StandardforAc United States Department of Justice (DOJ) 2010 Standard for Accessible Design: Title II (28 CFR 35) and Title III (28 CFR 36)

UL Standard
UL969 Standard for Safety: Marking and Labeling Systems

CSA Standard
CAN/CSA-Z614 Childrens Playspaces and Equipment

Index Terms

consumer safety; playground equipment; public use: Accessible playgrounds; Arch climbers; Completely-bounded openings; Consumer safety specifications (playgrounds); Entrapment/entanglement; Handrail systems; Nonrigid completely-bounded openings; Pinch/crush/shear points; Playground equipment--specifications; Safety precautions--consumer materials/applications; Slides (playground); Swings;

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 97.200.40 (Playgrounds)

DOI: 10.1520/F1487-11

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