1.1 This specification is intended to prescribe minimum safety requirements for candles to provide a reasonable degree of safety for normal use with candles, thereby improving personal safety and reducing fires, deaths, and injuries.
1.2 This specification is not intended to replace other important safety practices that should be in place, such as adult supervision, close monitoring, fire detection, alarm or suppression systems, and use of candles away from combustible materials.
1.3 Flame-producing devices, such as candles, present a potential hazard to the user. This specification cannot eliminate all hazards, but will minimize the potential hazards of candles to the user.
1.4 This specification is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.
1.5 This standard is used to predict or provide a quantitative measure of the fire hazard from a specified set of fire conditions involving specific materials, products, or assemblies. This assessment does not necessarily predict the hazard of actual fires which involve conditions other than those assumed in the analysis.
1.6 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.
1.7 This specification states values in SI units which are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parenthesis are for information only.
1.8 This specification does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)
D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
E136 Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750C
E176 Terminology of Fire Standards
F400 Consumer Safety Specification for Lighters
F1972 Guide for Terminology Relating to Candles and Associated Accessory Items
NFPA909 Code for the Protection of Cultural Resources
candles; end of useful life; fire safety testing; flame height; gel; secondary ignition ; stability; tealight; tealight cup: Candles; Fire safety ;
ICS Number Code 13.220.20 (Fire protection); 97.180 (Miscellanous domestic and commercial equipment)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
ASTM F2417 - 11 standard specification for fire safety for candles