ASTM F963 - 11 standard consumer safety specification for toy safety

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Source: ASTM International

1. Scope

1.1 This specification relates to possible hazards that may not be recognized readily by the public and that may be encountered in the normal use for which a toy is intended or after reasonably foreseeable abuse. It does not purport to cover every conceivable hazard of a particular toy. This specification does not cover product performance or quality, except as related to safety. Except for the labeling requirements pointing out the functional hazards and age range for which the toy is intended, this specification has no requirements for those aspects of a toy that present an inherent and recognized hazard as part of the function of the toy. Such an example is a sharp point necessary for the function of a needle. The needle is an inherent hazard that is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit, and this hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal educational process.

1.2 On the other hand, while a riding toy has inherent hazards associated with its use (for example, falling off onto the sidewalk), the possible hazards associated with its construction (sharp edges, exposed mechanisms, etc.) will be minimized by the application of this specification.

1.3 This specification covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. Different age limits for various requirements will be found in this specification. These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and expected mental or physical ability, or both, of a child to cope with the hazards.

1.4 Articles not covered by this specification are as follows
Bicycles
Tricycles
Non-Powered Scooters
(see Consumer Safety Specification F2264)
Recreational Powered Scooters and Pocket Bikes
(see Consumer Safety Specification F2641)
Sling shots and sharp-pointed darts
Playground equipment
Non-powder guns
Kites
Hobby and craft items in which the finished item is not
primarily of play value
Model kits in which the finished item is not primarily of
play value
Crayons, paints, chalks, and other similar art materials in
which the material itself or the finished item is not
primarily of play value, except that all art materials,
whether or not a component of a toy, must comply with
LHAMA, in accordance with 4.29.1-4.29.3.
Toy Chests
Sporting goods, camping goods, athletic equipment,
musical instruments, juvenile products, and furniture;
however, toys that are their counterparts are covered.
(It is recognized that there is often a fine line between,
for example, a musical instrument or a sporting item
and its toy counterpart. The intention of the producer
or distributor, as well as normal use and reasonably
foreseeable abuse, determines whether the item is a
toy counterpart.)
Powered models of aircraft, rockets, boats, and land
vehicles; however, toys that are their counterparts are
covered.
Constant air inflatables

1.5 General guidelines for age labeling toys and toy packaging are contained in Annex A1.

1.6 Information regarding packaging and shipping is contained in Annex A2.

1.7 This consumer safety specification includes the following sections

Title: Section
Scope: 1
Referenced Documents: 2
Terminology: 3
Safety Requirements: 4
Material Quality: 4.1
Flammability: 4.2
Toxicology: 4.3
Electrical/Thermal Energy: 4.4
Sound Producing Toys: 4.5
Small Objects: 4.6
Accessible Edges: 4.7
Projections: 4.8
Accessible Points: 4.9
Wires or Rods: 4.10
Nails and Fasteners: 4.11
Plastic Film: 4.12
Folding Mechanisms and Hinges: 4.13
Cords and Elastics in Toys: 4.14
Stability and Over-Load Requirements: 4.15
Confined Spaces: 4.16
Wheels, Tires, and Axles: 4.17
Holes, Clearance, and Accessibility of Mechanisms: 4.18
Simulated Protective Devices: 4.19
Pacifiers: 4.20
Projectile Toys: 4.21
Teethers and Teething Toys: 4.22
Rattles: 4.23
Squeeze Toys: 4.24
Battery-Operated Toys: 4.25
Toys Intended to be Attached to a Crib
or Playpen: 4.26
Stuffed and Beanbag-Type Toys: 4.27
Stroller and Carriage Toys: 4.28
Art Materials: 4.29
Toy Gun Marking: 4.30
Balloons: 4.31
Certain Toys with Nearly Spherical Ends: 4.32
Marbles: 4.33
Balls: 4.34
Pompoms: 4.35
Hemispheric-Shaped Objects: 4.36
Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toys: 4.37
Magnets: 4.38
Jaw Entrapment in Handles and Steering Wheels: 4.39
Safety Labeling Requirements: 5
Instructional Literature: 6
Producer's Markings: 7
Test Methods: 8
General: 8.1
Testing for Hazardous Substance Content: 8.2
Test Methods for Determination of Heavy Element
Content in Toys, Toy Components and Materials: 8.3
Tests for Cleanliness and Preservative Effectiveness: 8.4
Normal Use Testing: 8.5
Abuse Testing: 8.6
Impact Tests: 8.7
Torque Tests for Removal of Components: 8.8
Tension Test for Removal of Components: 8.9
Compression Test: 8.10
Tests for Tire Removal and Snap-in Wheel and
Axle Assembly Removal: 8.11
Flexure Test: 8.12
Test for Mouth-Actuated Toys: 8.13
Projectiles: 8.14
Test for Stability of Ride-On Toys: 8.15
Stalled Motor Test for Battery-Operated Toys: 8.17
Tests for Battery-Powered Ride-On Toys: 8.18
Tests for Toys which Produce Noise: 8.19
Dynamic Strength Test for Wheeled Ride-On Toys: 8.20
Packaging Film Thickness: 8.21
Test for Loops and Cords: 8.22
Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toy Test Methods: 8.23
Magnet Test Methods: 8.24
Test Methods for Locking Mechanisms or
Other Means: 8.25
Identification: 9
Age Grading Guidelines: Annex A1
Packaging and Shipping: Annex A2
Design Guidelines for Toys Attached to Cribs
or Playpens: Annex A3
Design Guidelines for Bath Toy Projections: Annex A4
Flammability Testing Procedure for Solids and Soft Toys: Annex A5
Flammability Testing Procedure for Fabrics: Annex A6
Compositing Procedure for Total Heavy Metal Analysis: Annex A7
Rationale for 2007 Revisions: Annex A8
Rationale for 2008 Revisions: Annex A9
Rationale for 2011 Revisions: Annex A10

1.8 The values stated first are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.9 The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)

ASTM Standards
D374 Test Methods for Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation
D642 Test Method for Determining Compressive Resistance of Shipping Containers, Components, and Unit Loads
D880 Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems
D999 Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D3421 Practice for Extraction and Determination of Plasticizer Mixtures from Vinyl Chloride Plastics
D4236 Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards
D5276 Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
F404 Consumer Safety Specification for High Chairs
F406 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards
F834 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Chests
F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment
F1313 Specification for Volatile N-Nitrosamine Levels in Rubber Nipples on Pacifiers

ANSI Standards
Z315.1 Safety Requirements for Tricycles

Federal Standards
SS-T-312B Tile, Floor: Asphalt, Rubber, Vinyl, VinylAsbestos

ISO and IEC Standards
IEC61672–2 Electroacoustics--Sound Level Meters--Part 2: Pattern Evaluation Tests

Other Standards
EN71-1 Safety of toys. Mechanical and physical properties

Index Terms

Axles; Compression testing; Consumer safety specifications (infants/children); Drop tests; Edge profiling; Fore and aft stability; Health hazards; Helmets (toys); Impact testing--consumer safety; Labels/labeling; Lid support mechanisms; Mouth actuated toys; Paint surfaces; Projections; Puncture hazards; Safety precautions--consumer materials/applications; Stability; Teethers; Toys; Tumble tests;

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)

DOI: 10.1520/F0963-11

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