The group, which will be open to all 192 countries of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will present its decisions on the launch of negotiations on a post-2012 climate change regime to the ministers who will meet during the second week of the conference. The current regime, called the Kyoto Protocol, expires that year.
UN Climate Change Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer said the establishment of the group was an “encouraging signal” which puts in motion a mechanism to reach an agreement in Bali.
He explained that the group would decide which topics will be the subject of negotiations and when those negotiations would be completed. Discussions in the group will be led by Australia and South Africa.
Countries also agreed today on a mechanism that could speed the transfer of technology that developing countries see as essential for addressing climate change. While the issue has been considered in the past in talks under the Climate Change treaty, States will now discuss concrete concerns on how to make it happen.
The decision came as concerns were raised by developing countries that attention in Bali was too focused on a future agreement that would enter into force in 2013, while previous commitments to assist developing countries under the existing Convention and Protocol had been largely forgotten.
Discussions to address deforestation also advanced today. Kishan Kumar-Singh, the Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, the UN body in which talks and negotiations on the issue are conducted, said there was agreement that methodologies and tools for estimating emissions must be developed or made available and that pilot projects on deforestation should be launched in developing countries.
Mr. Kumar-Singh said forests play a key role in addressing climate change as they absorb carbon that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere. Between 1990 and 2005, 13 million hectares disappeared every year due to deforestation. He said deforestation was the second largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and causes up to 20 per cent of global greenhouse gas.