The Vancouver-based GLOBE Foundation report, released today, assesses the economic and employment impacts associated with the transformation of the provincial economy towards lower-carbon energy generation and usage, as well as business practices that reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
'British Columbia's Green Economy: Building a Strong Low-Carbon Future' stresses that BC's abundant natural resources, clean energy choices, and advanced research and educational strengths, coupled with its strategic location as Canada's Pacific Gateway, positions the province to realize significant economic and employment gains from the pursuit of low-carbon business opportunities.
'There is great potential for BC to be at the forefront of the emerging green economy by taking advantage of our existing assets such as our renewable energy resources and our diverse work force,' says John Wiebe, President and CEO of the GLOBE Foundation. 'This report demonstrates a promising future for BC's low-carbon sectors, even using conservative growth estimates. By aligning investment and policy initiatives with BC's core low-carbon sectors, there is a good potential for green GDP and job figures to grow higher still.'
The report identifies six key sectors that form the core of the province's green economy and measures their impacts on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment. The six sectors are: Clean and Alternative Energy; Energy Management and Efficiency; Green Building; Environmental Protection; Carbon Finance and Investment; and Green Knowledge, which includes all of the major education, research, and training entities in the province.
Drawing on original research undertaken by the GLOBE Foundation, as well as research from governmental and other agencies, the study determined that BC's six green sectors in 2008 contributed $18.3 billion in revenues to the BC economy, accounting for nearly 166,000 direct and indirect full-time equivalent jobs (equal to 7.2 per cent of total provincial employment) and $15.3 billion to provincial GDP (equal to 10.2 per cent of total provincial GDP).
The Clean and Alternative Energy and Energy Management and Efficiency sectors alone were responsible for $6.1 billion in direct GDP in 2008 - more than half (55 per cent) of the total direct green GDP in the province. The greatest opportunities for immediate growth are predicted in the Energy Management and Efficiency and Green Building sectors, both of which are closely tied to conservation strategies and the implementation of clean technologies.
The GLOBE research team examined various growth scenarios and determined that GDP growth by 2020 could range from between $21.0 billion at a conservative average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 2.7 per cent, and $27.3 billion at an achievable and more optimistic AAGR of 5.0 per cent.
Choosing to use a more conservative growth estimate for employment figures due to a predicted shortage in the supply of labour, the GLOBE report suggests that the number of direct and indirect full-time equivalent green jobs in the province could grow to over 225,000 by 2020 (at a 2.6 per cent AAGR).
The report however notes that these job numbers could be increased through the 'greening' of traditional careers, increased education and training programs for green trades, and by easing labour supply constraints for key occupations like engineers through immigration, for example.
Although close to 90 per cent of green jobs and GDP currently are generated in the province's southern development regions (including the Mainland/Southwest, Vancouver Island/Coast, and Thompson-Okanagan), the report identifies considerable potential for green job growth in other regions of the province, in particular, opportunities flowing from the adoption of renewable energy and green practices in the more northern and remote communities throughout the province.
About the Study
Funded in part by the BC Labour Market Partnerships program, the report is the culmination of Phase 1 of a three-phase project that aims to identify core components of the province's green economy and estimate potential economic opportunities associated with the worldwide trend of 'going green'.
The report also highlights several BC-based companies in each of the six key green sectors, touching on their innovative technologies and often visionary business practices that are at the core of their domestic or international market success. These companies include Day4 Energy, Nexterra Systems, Westport Innovations, Tantalus Systems, Pulse Energy, Hemmera, Offsetters, plus many others that are at the forefront of change in terms of the low-carbon future.
Research for Phase 2 of the project is currently underway, which focuses on key policies, programs, and educational initiatives that are contributing to the development of BC's green economy and the associated labour market opportunities. Completion of Phase 2 is scheduled for the end of May 2010.
The GLOBE Foundation of Canada is a Vancouver-based, not-for-profit organization dedicated to finding practical business-oriented solutions to the world's environmental problems. Formed in 1993, the GLOBE Foundation has helped companies and individuals realize the value of economically viable environmental business opportunities through its conferences and events, research and consulting, project management, communications and awards program.