The 2010 China Green Development Index Annual Report was released on November 4th, providing the first evaluation and prediction system for green development in China.
Thirty provinces participated in the making of the index. Among them, twelve were rated higher than the average national level; the other eighteen provinces were lower than the national average.
Beijing ranked first among all provinces and cities in China.
The index report shows a clear geographic variation on green development performance in China. The top ten provinces ranked by the index are: Beijing, Qinghai, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Hainan, Tianjin, Fujian, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Shandong. All of them, except for Qinghai, are eastern provinces.
Li Xiaoxi, the project team leader and the deputy head of the Beijing Normal University Academic Committee told reporters the green development index is composed of three major indicators, namely green economy, resource-environmental capacity and government policy.
Nine sub-indicators were further identified by the project team, forming an integrated green development evaluation system.
The report was jointly compiled by Beijing Normal University, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics and the National Bureau of Statistics. According to information from an authoritative source, this is China's first index system used for monitoring and measuring green development.
The green development index system consists of three primary indices, namely the greenness of economic growth, the potential of natural resources and environment and support from government policies.
The three primary indices are subdivided into nine secondary indices and more than 50 tertiary indices that measure production and resource utilization efficiency in the process of economic growth, protection of resources and ecosystems, disposal of pollutants, governmental investments and management of green development as well as other aspects.