First large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage facility in U.S.
The U.S. Department of Energy has announced support for for construction of the nation's first large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage (ICCS) facility in Decatur, Illinois.
Supported by the 2009 economic stimulus legislation - the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - the ambitious project will capture and store one million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year produced as the result of processing corn into fuel-grade ethanol from the nearby Archer Daniels Midland biofuels plant.
Since all of the captured CO2 will be produced from biologic fermentation, a significant feature of the facility is its 'negative carbon footprint,' meaning that the storage results in a net reduction of atmospheric CO2.
'Illinois is at the forefront of helping ensure the US remains competitive in the global clean energy economy, creating new jobs while reducing carbon pollution,' said US Energy Secretary Steven Chu. 'This first of its kind project will bring jobs to Illinois while advancing technology that the United States can sell around the world.'
A member of the Department's Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the ADM project is designed to sequester approximately 2,500 metric tons of carbon dioxide per day in the saline Mount Simon Sandstone formation at depths of approximately 7,000 feet.
It is estimated that the sandstone formation can potentially store billions of tons of CO2 and has the overall potential to sequester all of the more than 250 million tons of CO2 produced each year by industry in the Illinois Basin region.
Capture and storage of CO2 is expected to begin in late summer 2013. It is estimated that approximately 260 jobs will be created through construction and operation phases.
In October 2009, DOE selected the ADM team-which now includes Schlumberger Carbon Services, the Illinois State Geological Survey, and Richland Community College-to conduct one of 12 projects in Phase 1 of its ICCS program, aimed at testing large-scale industrial CCS technologies. DOE then selected the project in June 2010 as one of three projects to receive continued Phase 2 funding.
The Department's National Energy Technology Laboratory manages the project, which received $141 million in Recovery Act funding and another $66.5 million private sector cost-sharing.