Improved energy productivity and scaled up decarbonisation of energy supply needed to keep climate goals in reach
An analysis of 17 Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) has shown that, despite a renewables revolution, more radical actions will be required to drive transition to zero-carbon energy systems and to keep global temperature rise well below 2°C. Both more rapid decarbonisation of energy supply and big improvements in energy productivity will be essential.
Ecofys analysed the INDCs commissioned by the Energy Transitions Commission (ETC). The ETC has been established to accelerate the transition towards low-carbon energy systems that can ensure the well below 2°C target is achieved while enabling robust economic development.
Implementing the analysed INDCs in full would result in an average yearly increase of 0.4 percentage points in the share of zero-carbon energy and a yearly average productivity improvement of 1.8%, way below the required 1 percentage point and 3% to remain well below 2°C.
The analysis also highlights a need for enhanced global cooperation in the area of finance and technology, as one-fifth of the emissions reductions is conditional upon this support.