cellulose degradation News

  • NREL Finds a New Cellulose Digestion Mechanism by a Fast-eating Enzyme

    Researchers at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest cellulose almost twice as fast as the current leading component cellulase enzyme on the market. If the enzyme continues to perform well in larger tests, it could ...

  • NREL Researchers Discover How a Bacterium, Clostridium thermocellum, Utilizes both CO2 and Cellulose to Make Biofuels

    Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) made the surprise discovery that a metabolic pathway to take up CO2 exists and functions in a microorganism capable of breaking down and fermenting cellulosic biomass to produce biofuels including hydrogen and hydrocarbons. Clostridium thermocellum is among the most ...

  • Research and Markets: New Book `Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass` Is a Valuable Tool for Researchers, Engineers and Industry Professionals Alike

    Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/zd7f2x/fungi_and_lignocel) has announced the addition of John Wiley and Sons Ltd's new book "Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass" to their offering. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass offers a comprehensive review of the use ...


  • Rare hydrogen producing microorganism may help unlock tomorrow`s hydrogen economy

    An ancient organism from the pit of a collapsed volcano may hold the key to tomorrow's hydrogen economy. Scientists from across the world have formed a team to unlock the process refined by a billions-year old archaea. The US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute will expedite the research by sequencing the hydrogen-producing organism for comparative genomics. When members of the Russian ...

  • Combining strategies speeds the work of enzymes

    Enzymes could break down cell walls faster – leading to less expensive biofuels for transportation – if two enzyme systems are brought together in an industrial setting, new research by the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory suggests. A paper on the breakthrough, “Fungal Cellulases and Complexed Cellulosomal Enzymes Exhibit Synergistic Mechanisms in ...

  • ASTM D5837 - 12 Standard Test Method for Furanic Compounds in Electrical Insulating Liquids by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

    Furanic compounds are generated by the degradation of cellulosic materials used in the solid insulation systems of electrical equipment. Furanic compounds which are oil soluble to an appreciable degree will migrate into the insulating liquid. High concentrations or unusual increases in the concentrations of furanic compounds in oil may indicate cellulose ...


    By ASTM International

  • Insects` gut microbes hint at biofuel breakthrough

    Deep inside insects' guts may lie the key to one of the biofuel industry's great challenges: how to cost-effectively turn tough plant waste into profit-making fuel. About 50 million tonnes of lignin are produced every year worldwide, mostly as waste after the sugar, or cellulose, in a plant has been converted into ethanol. Finding a way to process this tough molecule could boost biofuel ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Learn the how and why of fungus testing

    Learn at your desk, conference room, or auditorium without travel expenses through the Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology’s new online education course, Review of Fungus Tests, Especially Those of ASTM. The course will be held Thursday, August 28, 2008 at 11:00 a.m. Central Time. The per-location fee for the online course has no limit on the number of students who may participate ...

  • NREL Explains the Higher Cellulolytic Activity of a Vital Microorganism

    Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) say better understanding of a bacterium could lead to cheaper production of cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels. Their discovery was made during an investigation into the performance of Clostridium thermocellum. The scientists found the microorganism utilizes the ...

  • How will the US produce 36bn gallons of biofuel by 2022?

    The new U.S. Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS), signed into law last month as part of the revised Energy Bill, sets high goals for the U.S. biofuels industry. It calls for the production of 36 billion gallons of biofuels—mainly ethanol and biodiesel—annually by 2022, with 21 billion gallons coming from so-called “advanced biofuels,” which can be produced using a variety of new feedstocks and ...

  • Biofuels Market in China

    Biofuels Market in China 2010 Biofuels Market  Description The China biofuels market, which includes bioethanol and biodiesel, is estimated to reach a ...


  • Novel Enzyme from Tiny Gribble could prove a boon for biofuels research

    Researchers from the United Kingdom, the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and the University of Kentucky have recently published a paper describing a novel cellulose-degrading enzyme from a marine wood borer Limnoria quadripunctata, commonly known as the gribble. Gribbles are biologically intriguing because they exhibit a relatively unique ability to produce ...

  • TurboWeb - New Ultra High Efficiency Media

    Midwesco Filter Resources Inc. (MFRI), parent company to Midwesco Filter Resources, Nordic Air Filtration and TDC Filter, is pleased to introduce its latest product innovation targeting the gas turbine market; TurboWeb - a family of ultra-high efficiency media. “ We are extremely pleased with the performance of our TurboWeb Ultra High Efficiency Media. Shortly after we initiated field tests ...


    By Nordic Air Filtration A/S

  • TurboWeb. New ultra high efficiency gas turbine media

    TurboWeb - a family of ultra-high efficiency media Reduce Downtime, Avoid Forced Water Wash and Recover up to 6% Power Output with the latest product innovation from Midwesco Filter Resources Inc. (MFRI), parent company to Midwesco Filter Resources, Nordic Air Filtration and TDC Filter. “We are extremely pleased with the performance of our TurboWeb® ...


    By Nordic Air Filtration A/S

  • Food or fuel? The bioenergy dilemma

    The cost of grain-based staples–such as tortillas in Mexico, beef noodles in western China, and bread in the United States– has increased around the world. There are several reasons why prices have jumped, but there’s one getting a lot of attention: the global rush for bioenergy. Crops can be used as a food or fuel; both are important ecosystem services that nature provides to people. But as ...

  • New techniques create butanol, a superior biofuel

    The fuel is butanol; it can be derived from lignocellulosic materials, which are plant biomass parts that range from woody stems and straw to agricultural residues, corn fiber and husks, all containing in large part cellulose and some lignin. Butanol is considered to be a better biofuel than ethanol because it's less corrosive and has a higher caloric value, giving it a higher energy value. Like ...

  • Enhanced filter media technology on show at FILTECH

    UK-based Technical Absorbents (TAL) will exhibit at FILTECH in October with its Super Absorbent Fibre (SAFTM) technology. The expo is the largest and most important filtration event world-wide, and is a must for all those concerned with designing, improving, purchasing, selling or researching filtration and separation equipment and ...


    By Technical Absorbents

  • Super water removal technology at Filtration 2014 in Baltimore

      The Filtration International Conference & Exposition has been the largest pure filtration event in the Americas for over 20 years, and a great annual opportunity to meet customers, suppliers and manufacturers in one place at one time. In November this year, Technical Absorbents will take its Super Absorbent Fibre (SAFTM) technology to the INDA-organised event in Baltimore. It ...


    By Technical Absorbents

  • From Mules to Biofuels

    Farmers and policymakers are wrestling with two main concerns when it comes to ethanol production: the effect of ethanol demand on food prices, and changes in land use that are detrimental to the environment. While families were sharing corn at backyard barbecues this summer, both issues perked up ears across the globe. The Environmental Protection Agency rejected Texas Governor Rick Perry's ...

  • Producing environmentally friendly biodegradable plastics from vegetable waste

    Using vegetable waste to produce bioplastics can provide sustainable alternatives to non-biodegradable plastic, new research has found. The biodegradable plastic developed for this study, produced using parsley and spinach stems, cocoa pod husks and rice hulls, have a range of mechanical properties comparable to conventional plastics which are used for products from carrier bags to kitchenware ...

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