Leaders re-affirm commitments for climate change and energy



But it goes on to note that in view of the broad scientific consensus that the increase in global average temperature above pre-industrial levels ought not to exceed 2 degrees C, the three nations support a global goal of reducing global emissions by at least 50% compared to 1990 or more recent years by 2050, with developed countries reducing emissions by at least 80% compared to 1990 or more recent years by 2050.

The Statement stresses a shared vision for a low-carbon North America, and consistent with respective circumstances and country capacities, undertook the following:

  • To work together as we set and implement ambitious mid-term and long-term goals to reduce national and North American emissions;
  • To work to develop our respective low-carbon growth plans;
  • To conduct further work on a proposal by Mexico for a Green Fund and other ideas for scaling-up financing from both public and private sources;
  • To cooperate and exchange experiences in climate change adaptation
    in order to better integrate adaptation into national, sub-national, and sectoral planning to reduce vulnerabilities to climate change;
  • To develop comparable approaches to measuring, reporting, and verifying emissions reductions, including cooperating in implementing facility-level greenhouse gas reporting throughout the region;
  • To build capacity and infrastructure with a view to facilitate future cooperation in emissions trading systems, building on our current respective work in this area; and
  • To collaborate on climate friendly and low-carbon technologies, including building a smart grid in North America for more efficient and reliable electricity inter-connections, as well as regional cooperation on carbon capture and storage.

Working in key sectors can help accomplish emission reduction goals, the three leaders committed also:

  • To work together under the Montreal Protocol to phase down the use of HFCs and bring about significant reductions of this potent greenhouse gas;
  • To cooperate in sustainably managing landscapes for GHG benefits, including protecting and enhancing our forests, wetlands, croplands and other carbon sinks, as well as developing appropriate methodologies to quantify, manage and implement programs for emission reductions in this sector;
  • To reduce transportation emissions, including by striving to achieve carbon-neutral growth in the North American aviation sector in the context of global action;
  • To pursue a framework to align energy efficiency standards in the three countries in support of improved national energy efficiency and environmental objectives; and
  • To work to reduce GHG emissions in the oil and gas sector, and promote best practices in reducing fugitive emissions and the venting and flaring of natural gas.

In order to facilitate these actions, a follow Trilateral Working Plan will be developed and its results reported at the next North American Leaders Summit in 2010.

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