The “12369” environmental hotline run by MEP has helped urge the industry to act as main player to strictly perform environmental safety responsibility, enable the government to be more self-voluntary to play the regulatory role in environmental safety, and address a bunch of environmental problems which have adverse impact on public health, through multiple instruments such as earnestly accepting and processing public reports,overseeing the responses to the reported hot problems, and sharing information on reported cases on a regular basis.
The hotline accepted and processed 1,960reports in 2013, up 26% from a year earlier and all settled. Environmental incompliances were confirmed through ensuing investigations to 1,542 reports, accounting for 79%; and none of the problems accused by 418 reports was found, taking up 21%. Local environmental protectiondepartments had handled those environmental incompliances by law, ordering to make improvements within a specific period of time in 405 cases, ordering to suspend operations and make improvements in 337 cases, imposing fines to 236 cases, correcting the incompliances in the field in 215 cases, ordering to make up for the environmental reviews of 172 cases, banning and shutting down enterprises in 162 cases, andtransferring 69 cases to relevant authorities for further processing. All of those decisions had been well carried outso far.
The reports were mainly from central and eastern regions of China, and the top 5 provincialsources were Hebei (312 reports), Shandong (205), Jiangsu (190), Henan (139), and Guangdong (113), the combined reports of which accounted for 49% of the total. The environmental reportsincreased significantly in Hebei, Guangdong, and Shandong compared with a year earlier, by 82%, 40% and 27% respectively. On a national scale, the top 5 municipal sources were all from Hebei, which is, Baoding (57), Shijiazhuang (50), Cangzhou (47), Tangshan (42), and Langfang (39).
The leading polluter industry was chemical industry. The most reported industry in 2013 was also chemical industry, the reports about which accounted for 23% of the total acceptedreports, seconded by metal smelting industry (17%) and non-metal mineral processing industry (11%). The combined reports about the three industries occupied half of the total accepted reports. The share of reports about chemical, metal smelting and processing, waste processing, and textile printing and dyeing industries saw some increase, while that of building, mining and papermaking industries decreased to certain extent.
Atmospheric pollution was the top concern of the public. Atmospheric pollution has become an increasingly pressing problem in recent years, especially, driven by the hot debate on fog and haze andPM2.5 issues, the public has been all the more attentive to air pollution and the reports about it have been on the increase year by year. Reports on atmospheric pollution took up 73% of the total number in 2013, seconded by water pollution (37%) and then noise pollution (24%). The share of reports on air pollution went up 1%, on noise pollution up 0.5%, and on water pollution down 2% from a year earlier.
The tables below show the number of reports made by provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government through “12369” hotline, as well as the number of the reportsmade by top 31 national cities at or above prefectural level in 2013.
Number of reports made by provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government through “12369” hotline in 2013
Number of the reports made by top 31 national cities at or above prefectural level through“12369” hotline in 2013
|(This English version is for your reference only.In case any discrepancy exists between the Chinese and English context, the Chinese version shall prevail.)|