Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D4281-95(2005)e1 Standard Test Method for Oil and Grease (Fluorocarbon Extractable Substances) by Gravimetric Determination (Withdrawn 2012)
1.1 These test methods cover the estimation of oil and grease in water and wastewater by a gravimetric determination of fluorocarbon extractable substances from an acidified sample. Also included in this estimation of oil and grease are any other compounds soluble in chlorofluorocarbon-113 and non-volatile under the conditions of test.
1.2 The following two test methods are included
Test Method A-Liquid-Liquid Extraction
Test Method B-Soxhlet Extraction
1.3 These test methods are applicable to natural waters and domestic wastewaters. They are also suitable for most industrial wastewaters, although certain wastes may yield low results because of the presence of either excessive concentrations of natural greases or synthetic or modified compounds that are not well recovered by these test methods.
1.4 These test methods measure those groups of substance called oil and grease, whether soluble or insoluble, polar or non-polar, or biological or mineral in origin, to the extent these substances partition from the matrix into chlorofluorocarbon-113 and are not volatilized under conditions of the test. (See the Introduction and Section of these test methods.)
1.5 Because these test methods include an acidification step prior to extraction, soluble metallic soaps are hydrolyzed and recovered as fatty acids in the extraction step.
1.6 These test methods were fully validated by collaborative testing in reagent Type IV water. The information on precision may not apply to other waters. Note 1Refer to companion procedures (Test Method D 3921).
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 12.1, 13.2, 20.1, and 20.5.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1192 Guide for Equipment for Sampling Water and Steam in Closed Conduits
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
D3856 Guide for Good Laboratory Practices in Laboratories Engaged in Sampling and Analysis of Water
D3921 Test Method for Oil and Grease and Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Water
D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data
D5789 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Organic Constituents
gravimetric determination; oil and grease;
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