American - Thrust Collars
One method of restraining a pipeline is to provide a welded-on thrust collar or other dependable anchorage means on one or both sides of the point requiring restraint and to use concrete poured around the collar for support against undisturbed soil surrounding the pipe.
At a bend, the fitting and pipe ends would have to be of a restrained type, adequate to withstand total thrust involved. The required number of thrust collars would be dependent on the magnitude of the thrust force to be restrained and the allowable load per collar.
Thrust collars are also used in lieu of water stops on fabricated wall pipe for installation in load-bearing walls to resist thrust caused by internal pressure.