Flue gases originated from different sources contains hazardous gaseous pollutants such as SO2, SO3, H2S, HCl, HF. Those gases have a serious impact on the human health and the environment. Human health may be imposed in many ways with both short-term and long-term effects. Examples of short-term effects include irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, and upper respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Long-term health effects can include chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, and even damage to the brain, nerves, liver, or kidneys. Continual exposure to air pollution affects the lungs of growing children and may aggravate or complicate medical conditions in the elderly. For the environment case, air pollutant gases can contaminate drinking water and vegetation, soil, damage aquatic life, and erode buildings. Also they lead to the climatic damages, global warming.
In order to obstruct harmful effects of flue gases, their concentrations have to be reduced to definite levels, mentioned in the regulations. Two main regulations for the whole world are EPA and EU 2000/76/EC standards.ATC offers cost-effective and reliable gas cleaning solutions to comply with the most stringent emission standards for plants thermally treating waste, offering various end product options. Also ATC Flue Gas Treatment Systems are designed in such a way that incomplete combustion gases like carbon monoxide will not be produced.
Treatment methods for flue gases;
- Dry Scrubber
- Wet Scrubber
The selection of treatment method depends on fuel, incineration plant design and emission limits applicable to a specific case.