Cambustion - Model CLD50 - Fast Response NO and NO2 Analyzer System
New in 2021 is the CLD50 “entry level” fast CLD designed for both engine and non-engine single channel applications where a 15 ms T10-90 response time is sufficient. The CLD50 is capable of both [NO] and [NO2] measurement directly (NO2 via LIF) with only an oxygen and power supply needed.
New in 2021 is the CLD50 “entry level” fast CLD designed for both engine and non-engine single channel applications where a 15ms T10-90 response time is sufficient. The CLD50 is capable of both [NO] and [NO₂] measurement directly (NO₂ via LIF) with only oxygen and power needed for basic operation (zero and span gases required for complete calibration). The use of these detection methods ensures minimal cross sensitivities and allows retention of millisecond response times.
In addition to a heated line engine version, Cambustion have developed a super-sensitive yet ultra-fast version for air quality work in response to many researchers requesting faster real time data with a strong emphasis on identifying “gross emitters” entering urban environments and clean air zones. In ambient mode the CLD50 has a lower detection limit of 5 parts per billion while retaining a response time of 100ms, allowing an in-depth look into the real human exposure from passing traffic and other polluters. The equipment is available for on-board mobile applications including “chase studies” with heated/unheated sample line options of various lengths.
Other typical applications include pre- or post-catalyst engine exhaust [NO] measurement, road infrastructure and clean air zone evaluation, aftertreatment retrofit investigations and many more.
The design differs from the other Cambustion fast gas analyzers in two significant ways:
- It is a single channel analyzer.
- Its detector is housed within a small control box with a heated or unheated sample line delivering the gas from the sample point.
Typically, the sample line length is 3 metres and with the option of sample filtration where contaminated sample may deposit within the control box.
Like our other fast CLDs, the detection method is still using the trusted CLD principle.
Direct NO2 measurement is achieved using laser induced fluorescence (LIF) detection method meaning there are no discernible cross-sensitivies. Response times for both gases are 15 milliseconds.
The ability to measure cycle by cycle NO and NOₓ allows researchers and engineers to investigate and quantify features such as NOₓ breakthrough during lambda excursions on a gasoline engine.
Common to both Diesel and gasoline engines, EGR is a widely adopted technique for controlling NOₓ emissions. During transient operation, delays and imperfect control of EGR flow may lead to spikes in transient NOₓ emissions. Furthermore, distribution of recirculated exhaust gas between cylinders on a multi-cylinder engine is not always equal. This can lead to one cylinder receiving too little EGR, with a consequent increase in NOₓ emissions. The ability of the CLD500 to measure gas from a single cylinder (sampling in the port) as well as in the mixed exhaust provides crucial data to overcome such issues. Combined with fast CO₂ measurement from Cambustion's NDIR500, the CLD500 allows the user to directly correlate NOₓ emissions and delivered EGR, even on a cycle-by-cycle basis.
A current major concern with urban air quality is the NOₓ emissions from diesel passenger vehicles. Although legislated NOₓ limits for new vehicles have been steadily reduced over many years, a similar reduction in NOₓ air pollution hasn’t been achieved. This has been attributed to the Real World Driving Emissions (RDE) of vehicles being only poorly represented by the standard European Drive Cycle. Most OEMs are investigating “off-cycle” emissions by using on-board analyzers to measure directly from the vehicle’s tailpipe during urban and rural driving. The CLD500 fast NOₓ analyzer can be configured to measure the fast transient [NO] emissions from any vehicle and some data showing the real time [NO] emissions during a real world driving can be seen here.
It is also important to quantify the contribution these emitters have to local and roadside air quality which can in-turn lead to high human exposure to nitric oxides. Due to recent improvements, the CLD50 can be configured for ambient monitoring with detection limits of 5ppb [NO] while retaining a 100ms response time. This allows local and national health authorities to draw conclusions on road infrastructure and traffic flow changes, clean air zones, retrofit schemes and many more emission reducing tools. Please refer to our air quality page for example videos.
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is another method of reducing NOₓ emissions using ammonia or urea, and is increasingly used in heavy duty Diesel applications. SCR requires careful control of the conditions and reactant concentrations in the catalyst, and the CLD500 is used to monitor catalyst performance, both at cold start and during transient operation.
Lean NOₓ Trap (LNT) is another technology for reducing NOₓ emissions- using a NOₓ absorbing element which stores the NOₓ, and periodically purging the absorber while providing excess hydrocarbons which react with the NOₓ as it is released. The reactants then exit the tailpipe as H₂O and N₂. To perform well, the LNT and supply of reactants must be carefully matched to the exhaust conditions. The CLD500 is used to monitor LNT performance, even during transient conditions.
The CLD500 is available with support for AK protocol, allowing easy integration with the test bench for improved test reliability and reduced workload.