Model L34000401-096 - Cyano Toxin ELISA Kits
The Abraxis Microcystins-ADDA ELISA is an immunoassay for the quantitative and sensitive congenerindependent* detection of Microcystins and Nodularins in water samples. This test is suitable for the quantitative and/or qualitative detection of Microcystins and Nodularins in water samples [please refer to the appropriate technical bulletins for sample collection, handling, and treatment of drinking (treated
and untreated) and recreational water samples]. If necessary, positive samples can be confirmed by HPLC, protein phosphatase assay, or other conventional methods.
The standard solutions in the test kit contain small amounts of Microcystins. The substrate solution contains tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and the stop solution contains diluted sulfuric acid. Avoid contact of the TMB and stopping solution with skin and mucous membranes. If these reagents come in contact with skin, wash with water.
Storage and Stability
The Microcystins-ADDA ELISA kit should be stored in the refrigerator (4–8°C). The solutions must be allowed to reach room temperature (20-25°C) before use. Reagents may be used until the expiration date on the box. Consult state, local, and federal regulations for proper disposal of all reagents.
The test is an indirect competitive ELISA for the congener-independent detection of Microcystins and Nodularins. It is based on the recognition of Microcystins, Nodularins, and their congeners by specific antibodies. Toxin, when present in a sample, and a Microcystins-protein analogue immobilized on the plate compete for the binding sites of the anti-Microcystins/Nodularins antibodies in solution. The plate is then washed and a second antibody-HRP label is added. After a second washing step and addition of the substrate solution, a color signal is generated. The intensity of the blue color is inversely proportional to the concentration of Microcystins present in the sample. The color reaction is stopped after a specified time and the color is evaluated using an ELISA reader. The concentrations of the samples are determined by interpolation using the standard curve constructed with each run.
Limitations of the Microcystins-ADDA ELISA, Possible Test Interference
Numerous organic and inorganic compounds commonly found in water samples have been tested and found not to interfere with this test. However, due to the high variability of compounds that may be found in water samples, test interferences caused by matrix effects cannot be completely excluded. Samples containing methanol must be diluted to a concentration < 5% methanol to avoid matrix effects.
Seawater samples must be diluted to a concentration ≤ 2.5% to avoid matrix effects. Alternately, if a lower detection limit is required, interfering compounds can be removed from seawater or brackish water samples prior to analysis. Please see the Microcystins in Brackish Water or Seawater Sample Preparation for the Microcystins-ADDA ELISA Technical Bulletin (available upon request). No matrix effects have been observed with samples which have been treated with sodium thiosulfate at concentrations ≤ 1 mg/mL or ascorbic acid at concentrations ≤ 1 mg/mL. Mistakes in handling the test can cause errors. Possible sources for such errors include: inadequate
storage conditions of the test kit, incorrect pipetting sequence or inaccurate volumes of the reagents, too long or too short incubation times during the immune and/or substrate reaction, and extreme temperatures during the test performance (lower than 10°C or higher than 30°C). The assay procedure should be performed away from direct sunlight. As with any analytical technique (GC, HPLC, etc.), positive results requiring regulatory action should be confirmed by an alternative method.