Sherwood - Model 501 - Fluid Bed Dryer
From Fluid Bed Dryer
By forcing enough air through a bed of particles, the particle bed may assume a fluid-like state (resembling a boiling liquid). Heating the incoming air and managing air flow rate through the sample, the Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer provides thorough mixing and maximum contact of solid with moving air. The result; a process producing more even and much quicker drying than conventional methods.
Delivering up to 2.5m3 per minute of air,
the Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer can break up wet samples and ensure vigorous mixing and rapid moisture removal.
5kg of wet 'ideal' sample (80% moisture) can be dried in 15-20 minutes (5 Litre tub).
High air flow rate gives:
- high moisture removal rates at relatively low temperatures
- thorough mixing, so no wet spots requiring extra thermal energy to penetrate
- an air cushion between particles to reduce abrasion and particle size alteration
Air separated particles prevents lumps and caking, both of which make other drying processes much slower.
Static drying methods leave evaporation residues at the sample surface giving a heterogeneous sample. Fluid Bed Drying achieves the opposite. Mixing during Fluid Bed Drying gives homogeneous samples, making an ideal method of representative sample preparation for subsequent material analyses.
Microprocessor control of air flow, inlet air temperature and drying period coupled with fluid bed action gives highly reproducible experiments and finished samples. After preliminary experiments, a known moisture content in the final sample (ideal for tablet forming) or removal of external (surface) moisture only, may be achieved. Drying times to required moisture content may be optimised and drying patterns studied to aid scale-up and plant design.
Without a PC connected the Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer can run one stored program of up to 16 steps (previously downloaded from a PC), or may be used as a conventional (manually controlled) Fluid Bed Dryer. Additional features of this advanced in-lab dryer technology include:
- Precise air flow feed-back control
- Membrane sealed controls to prevent ingress of particles into the instrument
- Reduced operating noise
The Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer offers significant advantages over conventional drying techniques:
- The high rates of heat and mass transfer ensure much faster and more homogeneous drying than other methods such as oven and vacuum drying
- Drying times range from a few seconds to minutes. Complete drying is usually achieved in under 15 minutes, the exact time for a given sample, airflow rate and temperature setting being very repeatable. A uniform, reproducible, moisture content can also be achieved with the appropriate settings
- Materials with moisture contents from a few per cent to over 80 per cent may be dried
- The inlet air temperature range from ambient to 200°C covers the majority of drying and solvent removal operations. Due to good mixing, the sample temperature is uniform and under close control during drying. This proves advantageous when drying heat sensitive materials or coating particles
- Among the wide range of materials that can be processed are pharmaceuticals, chemicals, minerals, foods, coals, wood chips, plastics, resins, etc.
The high performance characteristics of this instrument allow it to be used for many applications in addition to drying, such as:
- Quick determination of moisture content (e.g. coal, tobacco, food products) by correlation with weight loss over 5 mins, using specified drying conditions
- Mixing and blending of solids
- Granulation and agglomeration
- Rough classification of particle size (i.e. Stokes Law)
Three Dryers in one
Standalone Fluid Bed Dryer
The base unit and specified tub assembly for standalone operation.
Microprocessor control of air flow, inlet air temperature and drying period coupled with fluid bed action gives highly reproducible experiments and finished material samples. The Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer is the latest model from Sherwood Scientific Ltd and features membrane sealed controls to prevent particle ingress and reduced operating noise.
Programmable Fluid Bed Dryer
The base unit and specified tub assembly connected to a PC hosting Sherwood Scientific Ltd's Fluid Bed Dryer Software programme.
The software allows control of all variable functions, data monitoring, feedback and creation of multistep drying protocols designed to dry samples in the most efficient manner. The Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer can be programmed (via the computer interface) to step through up to 16 drying steps with the following parameters defined and controlled: Timer, Blower motor speed, and inlet air temperature. An optional pulse flow module can also be controlled using the software package. These variable parameters may be monitored and recorded throughout the drying programme. Each programme step may be terminated manually or when a preset time or condition (outlet temperature or relative humidity) has been achieved; whichever conditions occurs first.
Analytical Fluid Bed Dryer
The base unit and specified analytical tub assembly (fitted with auxiliary combined temperature and relative humidity probe) connected to a PC hosting Sherwood Scientific Ltd's Fluid Bed Dryer Software programme.
The ability to monitor in tub (above sample) 'outlet' temperature and relative humidity allows for capture of additional data which may be used to understand better the drying behaviour of a particular material. The ability to transfer that data for post-run processing expands the scope for material drying behaviour studies, for example, material drying curve generation is possible.
How to specify your dryer and accessories
The user has to specify the tub together with the Inlet and Outlet Filters required for their application as follows:
Material of construction: Glass or Stainless Steel
Tub Volume: 5 Litre, 2 Litre or Mini-Tub (for use with Multi-Tub Base Adapter)
Tub Type: Ordinary (Bags), Sealed, Analytical (GL32 side port) Dynamic Moisture Analysis, Classifier, Mini, Custom
Inlet Filter: Material type, pore size Outlet Filter: Bag, Top Cap, Material type, pore size
Bag Material Selection:
(Nylon or Terylene are normally chosen)
Nylon is resistant to alkali vapours
Terylene shows greater resistance with acids
Polypropylene is resistant to most chemicals but degrades more rapidly (than the other two) over 100°C
Nomex is an alkali tolerant material suited to sustained high-temperature drying, e.g. ~200°C
Accessories also to be specified include:
With a Pulse Flow Module (50186001) you are able to pulse air into the sample and adjust the frequency of pulsing as well as the duration of alternating between pulsed and normal continuous flow. Pulsing the flow has been found analogous to providing external shaking and mixing. Samples which are difficult to fluidise, like long wet strands of irregular shaped leaves of tobacco or tea are 'blown apart' and mixed by pulsing the flow.
The addition of a Humidity/Temperature Probe (50186500) to the Programmable Fluid Bed Dryer upgrades the instrument to an Analytical Dryer.
RS232 Cable (92609052) for downloading program steps to the Fluid Bed Dryer and for collection of data for real-time feedback of temperature and relative humidity.
Software (50186700) for control of variable functions, data monitoring and feedback and creation of multistep drying programs designed to dry samples in the most efficient manner and taking into account the changes in the materials behaviour as its moisture content changes.
The Sherwood Scientific Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer is a Lab Scale (Bench Top) dryer with a maximum sample capacity of 5Kg. There is a wide variety of drying tubs (volume and material of construction), inlet & outlet filters, and other accessories available; both to handle as a wide range of sample types as possible and enhance the capability of the drying system. Therefore each system requires specifying in some detail to reflect individual customer requirements and sample characteristics in order to prepare an appropriate quotation.
With a large range of tub assemblies, construction materials and software the Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer offers a flexible platform able to assist with:
- Studies of material drying behaviour
- The optimisation and scale-up of drying processes
- Preparation of small sample batches for subsequent materials studies
Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer* shown with 5 Litre Glass Tub 50035008 and Large Filter Bag. Remember to specify Tub Inlet Filter (mesh size and material type) and bag material required.
*Fluid Bed Dryer Base Unit Models
110v # 501 00 200
230v # 501 00 201
Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer shown with 5 Litre Glass Tub with GL32 side port 50035010, Temperature/Humidity Probes and Large Filter Bag.
Please specify Tub Inlet Filter (mesh size and material type) and bag material required and remember to order the Temperature/Humidity Probe 50186500.
Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer shown with 5 Litre glass Dynamic Moisture Analysis Tub 50135020 with Sealed Top-Cap Assembly and GL32 side port, Temperature/Humidity Probe plus side port for samples. Please specify Tub Inlet Filter (mesh size and material type) and Top Cap Filter (required mesh size and material type) and remember to order the Temperature/Humidity Probe 50186500.
Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer shown with Multi-Tub unit 50035011 and Glass Mini-Tubs with fixed Top-Caps and bags for drying of small batches of sample. Mixture of Top-Caps and Bags shown are for illustration purposes only. Stainless Steel Mini-Tubs for use with Small Filter Bags are also available.
Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer shown with Low Density Classifier 50035048 which allows for fractionation of samples with wide particle size/density distribution and collection of fractions within that range. It also allows separation of desirable sample elements from bulk samples, for example, removal of tree seed 'wings' from the seeds.
- Rapid drying of many types of chemicals, foodstuffs and minerals with up to 80% moisture content
- Drying of heat sensitive materials at low temperatures under accurately controlled and uniform conditions
- Determining the moisture content of substances such as adhesives, tobacco, dried foods and building materials
- Converting cake or precipitate from chemical or pharmaceutical production into powder or granular form
- Removing solvents such as Methanol or Heptane from plastics and polymers by accelerated vaporization
- Determining thermodynamic parameters for industrial dryer design e.g. heat/mass balance, thermal efficiency and calculating heat transfer coefficients
- Obtaining uniform coatings of evaporation residues on particles
- Simulating large scale process installations to monitor quality, efficiency and carry out small batch treatment
The basic Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer incorporates an air pump, heating coil, and temperature measurement (with control and timer). Air is drawn through an inlet filter, passed over a heating element and forced through a Support Filter (which holds the weight of the sample) and a Tub Inlet Filter (selected for pores smaller than the sample particle size). The air passes through the sample contained within a tub (glass or stainless), and finally through an Outlet Filter which can be a Filter Bag. Bag material is selected to be chemically inert to emitted sample vapours. Alternatively, 'Sealed' tub assemblies are available, where a Top Cap (which has an Outlet Filter and Support Filter) seals onto a flanged tub with a silicon O-ring and clamp (for particles less than 40 microns in size). Sealed Tubs are only available in Glass.
The microprocessor controlled Model 501 Fluid Bed Dryer can be used as a standalone unit or programmed via a computer interface to step through as many as sixteen drying stages with each stage having the following parameters defined controlled and monitored:
- Inlet air temperature
- Blower motor speed
- Pulse flow function (for difficult to fluidise samples)
Without a computer interface the Programmable Fluid Bed Dryer can run one stored program of up to sixteen steps, or can be used as a conventional, manually adjusted, dryer.
Additional features of this advanced in-lab dryer include: precise air flow control and membrane sealed controls to prevent ingress of particles into the instrument.
The following items are required to achieve programmable drying:
- The Fluid Bed Dryer
- Tub Assembly
- RS232 Computer Interface Cable
The addition of a Humidity/Temperature Probe to the Programmable Fluid Bed Dryer upgrades the instrument to an Analytical Dryer.
The following data is captured and stored:
- Air flow rate
- Inlet temperature
- Pulse flow condition
- Outlet temperature
- Relative humidity
Each drying step can be programmed to terminate either on duration of step, humidity level achieved or outlet temperature reached. The Analytical Fluid Bed Dryer can be used to monitor both manual as well as programmed operations. The captured data can be transferred to an Excel Worksheet, which allows drying curves and moisture calculations to be performed.
Inlet air temperature, blower motor speed, in-tub temperature and relative humidity can all be recorded against time (using software and the temperature humidity probe).