Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP)
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are defined as processes which involve in situ generation of highly potent chemical oxidants such as hydroxyl radicals in sufficient and optimum quantities to significantly enhance the oxidation and destruction of a wide range or organic pollutants in contaminated water and air.
Advanced oxidation processes (AOP) have gained growing attention as an emerging clean and efficient technology for air and water treatment. The major advantage of this technology is that it can completely or partially destroy organics at ambient temperature by converting them into various harmless intermediates and end products, such as carboxylic acids, carbon dioxide and halide ions.
The major oxidants of AOP are hydroxyl radicals and ozone which can react with organic compounds at very high reaction rates. In particular, hydroxyl radicals can attack most organics non-selectively at a reaction rate constant as high as 109 M-1 sec-1 through hydrogen atom abstraction or by addition of the hydroxyl radical. The process offered by ESCO International uses a unique combination of ozone, hydrogen peroxide, a proprietary catalyst and UV oxidation, as shown in the following figure.
The new advanced oxidation system design ensures that high concentrations of dissolved oxidants are maintained in the oxidation chamber. The high ozone mass transfer and residual ozone concentrations are made possible due to the use of specifically designed high performance ozone injection devices as well as carefully engineered oxidation chambers. ESCO International AOP system creates a more effective oxidative TOC reduction process compared to known conventional AOP processes. The new AOP system includes new improvements in the system design, allowing reductions in power and capital costs and reductions in chemical use.
The combination of state-of-the-art UV and ozone technologies with additional oxidant and catalytic process steps as well as our extensive pilot trials helped us design innovative advanced oxidation processes. A result, the new advanced oxidation process development can be extended to new fields which were previously thought to be unworkable and uneconomical.
The advanced oxidation process involves three main components for the effective generation & optimum use of hydroxyl free radicals for the enhanced oxidation of pollutants, COD and TOC:
ESCO International (EI) New Advanced Oxidation Systems
The new generation of catalytic advanced oxidation technology (CATADOX) was developed, designed and tested by ESCO International. ESCO International and other companies have partnered to market and supply the new AOP-CATADOX process as well as all other newly improved conventional advanced oxidation systems.
The technology described here has been recently developed and has been demonstrated both in the laboratory and at commercial sites.
ESCO International is a leading knowledge-based solutions provider and an equipment supplier. The company provides technical services, specializing in ozone, UV, advanced oxidation and catalytic oxidation processes.
Advanced oxidation processes are reliable means of meeting the new environmental standards. They also offer capital and operating cost savings compared with conventional treatment processes. The AOP-CATADOX process (shown in the schematic to the right) combines treatment by ozone, UV, hydrogen peroxide and proprietary catalyst to enable industrial customers to meet the tightening environmental standards for wastewaters and gases.
The treated water will then go through either an ion-exchange or GAC bed for further polishing or to a collection tank for reuse/recycle/reclaim.
This new process is very effective in challenging applications such as toxic micro-pollutant and non-biodegradable organic compounds, COD and TOC reduction, VOC abatement, toxicity reduction, color and odor removal. Typical organic compounds successfully destroyed by our advanced oxidation processes includes IPA, TMAH, NMP, DMSO, Glycols, VOCs, PAHs, PCBs, EDCs (Endocrine disrupting compounds), PPCPs (Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Products), API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients), Alcohols, Ethers, MTBE, Urea, and many other refractory organic contaminants.
The photo below shows an actual AOP-CATADOX system.
Depending on the inlet and outlet TOC or COD concentrations and content, the most suitable process design is selected. The ozone to TOC or COD mass ratio depends on a number of factors.
The CATADOX process uses much less ozone than other AOP systems.
The CATADOX process therefore can be a cost effective technology to reduce TOC or COD in process water. The use of just O3/UV would be more expensive from the capital cost stand point due to high ozone requirements. Other advantages of the multiple oxidant system are better oxidant availability, shorter contact reaction times, higher TOC/COD reduction performance and much lower operating costs.
Benefits of the CATADOX System
The CATADOX process provides unique benefits:
- Significant cut down in ozone demand, hence smaller ozone generators
- Important reduction in oxygen and dry air requirements, hence lower power consumption
- Major reduction in cooling water capacity and power consumption
- Reduction in plant size
- Higher flexibility in oxidants dosing vs incoming TOC or COD
- Better process performance and reliability
- No oxidant residual problems
- Optimal combination of ozone, H2O2, UV and catalyst available depending on water quality and treatment requirements before recycle, reuse or discharge
- Lower ozone, H2O2 and UV power requirements when compared to conventional H2O2/UV, O3/UV and O3/H2O2 AOP processes.
- Much lower overall power consumption, hence lower operating costs
- Electronic industries, manufacturing wastewaters
- Industrial & Municipal wastewaters
- Biologically treated wastewaters
- Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology industries
- Petroleum refinery wastewaters
- Industrial chemical wastewaters
- Power industries
- Textile industry wastewaters
- Electroplating/metal finishing wastewaters
- Recycling marine aquaria wastewaters
- Pulp & paper wastewaters
- Bleaching of paper pulps
- Landfill leachates
- Food & beverage
- Swimming pools & spa
If your treatment objective is:
- COD reduction
- TOC reduction
We can provide professional solutions using:
- Ozone process
- UV process
- Ozone + H2O2
- H2O2 + UV
- Ozone + UV
- Ozone + H2O2 + UV
- Ozone + H2O2 + UV + Proprietary solid catalyst
- Or develop the appropriate solution for your water or air pollution problem