Cadmium · air pollution · consultants
Cadmium is an environmental hazard. Human exposures to environmental cadmium are primarily the result of fossil fuel combustion, phosphate fertilizers, natural sources, iron and steel production, cement production and related activities, non-ferrous metals production, and municipal solid waste incineration. Inhalation of cadmium-containing fumes can result initially in metal fume fever but may progress to chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and death. The most dangerous form of occupational exposure to cadmium is inhalation of fine dust and fumes, or ingestion of highly soluble cadmium compounds. However, there have been a few instances of general population toxicity as the result of long-term exposure to cadmium in contaminated food and water. Canarina Environmental Software provides environmental consultancy services for projects involving the assessment of cadmium air dispersion.