Cause & Effect of Oil Spill Crisis
With an estimated 706 million gallons of waste oil entering the ocean each year, oil spills have a disastrous and profound effect on our environment and our economy. Since the world relies so heavily on the production of petroleum oil, there are many causes of spills including accidents, the breakdown of equipment, natural disasters and deliberate and illegal dumping of oil into our water. Pipelines, oil rigs and storage tanks are responsible for more than two-thirds of oil spilled in the water or on land. Accidental spills from ships account for 15 per cent of the oil making its way into our oceans each year.