CDM, Carbon Audits and Carbon Management
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) - Consultancy Services
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a market mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while promoting sustainable development in developing countries by encouraging environmentally friendly investment and technology/knowledge transfer from the industrialized countries. As an incentive the industrialized country participant (i.e. government or company) receives credits in the form of certified emission reductions (CERs) which they can use against their Kyoto emission targets, and the developing country participant receives revenues from the sale of the CERs.
For a project to be eligible under the CDM it has to satisfy two critical criteria, namely ‘additionality’ and ‘sustainable development’. For a project to satisfy the additionality critieria it must be demonstrated that the reductions in emissions are additional to those that would occur in the absence of the project activity (i.e. in the business as usual scenario). It is up to the Designated National Authority (DNA) in the host country to set the specific sustainable development criteria against which the project proposal will be assessed, although these will likely include social, economic and environmental improvement requirements.
Under the Kyoto protocol, small-scale CDM project activities include renewable energy projects, energy efficiency improvement projects and methane recovery or avoidance. The food, agriculture, waste, starch and palm oil sectors in SE Asia all have significant potential to benefit under the CDM, as many of these processes generate solid and liquid waste streams that can be used as biomass, or to generate biogas, both of which can substitute fossil fuels. Furthermore, biogas harnessing projects also reduce the volume of methane (a potent greenhouse gas) that would have otherwise been emitted to the atmosphere, and these reductions also qualify for CERs.
The CDM project cycle is a fairly complex process which we have attempted to simplify in the flow diagram in our CDM Capability Sheet. SLP primarily offer CDM consultancy services from Stages 1 through to 4 and independent project auditing and monitoring services for active projects. We work with the local project proponent to assess whether it is likely to qualify for CDM by undertaking a Pre-screening and Feasibility Assessment. If the result is positive we would produce a synopsis of the proposal in the form of a Project Idea Note for submission to the host country Designated National Authority (DNA) and potential equity investors/funders and carbon credit buyers for their feedback. We would then produce the detailed Project Design Document (PDD) on behalf of the client for submission to a CDM Executive Board (EB) accredited Validator and the host country DNA for their review and approval. Once the project has the necessary approvals it is submitted to the CDM EB for Registration, following which the Project Implementation works can commence. The CER’s are issued on a yearly basis following the commencement of the project activity, subject to independent verification from a CDM EB approved Verifier that the project activity has resulted in the anticipated GHG reductions.
Effective risk management is essential to the successful implementation of a CDM project, and at SLP we apply our technical and project management expertise to ensure that the selected technology is applicable to the project activity, and that the technology vendor has a proven track record of successful and timely project delivery. Furthermore, we work with potential private equity investors, public funding bodies, environmental brokers and experienced law firms to make the project more financially attractive and secure.
Implementing CDM is a classic win:win scenario; in that it is good for business and good for the environment. Depending on the scheme, the project owner can potentially benefit via technology transfer, reduced energy bills and an additional revenue stream from the sale of the CER’s, whilst actively doing their bit in the fight against global warming and climate change. Find out if your business is potentially eligible under the CDM by contacting us and we will offer you a preliminary screening assessment free of charge.
SLP Environmental provides CDM consultancy services throughout South East Asia including: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.
Carbon Audits & Carbon Management
Conducting a Carbon Audit (also referred to as carbon foot printing) is a vital first step in the development of a Carbon Management Strategy for companies and organisations aiming to minimise their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thereby their contribution to anthropogenic climate change. The primary objective of a carbon audit is to measure and record an organisation GHG emissions associated with its significant activities over a one year period. Put simply; measuring GHG emissions is the first step to effectively managing them.
Emission releasing activities are categorised into three scopes comprising Scope 1 Direct Emissions such as fuel combustion in owned boilers and transport, Scope 2 Energy Indirect such as the consumption of purchased electricity and Scope 3 Other Indirect which are other emissions that occur as a consequence of an organisations actions such as emissions associated with business travel. The carbon auditing process typically involves a site audit to review records, inspect premises and interview key staff followed by the generation of a project database and detailed calculations to measure the emissions generated within the operational boundaries of the audit. The information is collated into a Carbon Audit Report which includes GHG emissions as a gross yearly figure in tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) as well as a detailed breakdown of the activity-specific yearly emissions. The report also includes recommendations on potential carbon reduction initiatives that could be implemented by the organisation under assessment over the short, medium and long term.
SLP Environmental’s SE Asian carbon audits are undertaken and reported in accordance with guidance contained within the GHG Protocol; Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard as developed by the World Resources Institute and World Business Council for Sustainable Development. This is the internationally recognised standard for the corporate accounting and reporting of GHG emissions as it aligns with many other national and international measuring and reporting schemes such as ISO 14040 and ISO 14064-1.
We have comprehensive experience in providing Carbon Audit services for both small and large businesses and organisations across single and multiple study site assessment scenarios and at the national and international level. Our reports are commercially focused and clearly communicated, and provide detailed recommendations and practical steps towards helping our clients operations and activities become carbon neutral over the medium to longer term. SLP Environmental are uniquely placed in the SE Asian marketplace to deliver a quality Carbon Auditing service as we combine internationally acquired expertise and experience with an in-depth understanding of the ASEAN member states economic and development profiles, carbon offsetting opportunities and green technology procurement realities.
Our multi-national management team is highly qualified and experienced and includes Chartered Environmentalists (CEnv) and Chartered Scientists (CSci). We are also members of the Environmental Compliance and Due Diligence Consultants Groups, Carbon Forum Asia and the Carbon Exchange. SLP Environmental Consultants offer Carbon Auditing and Carbon Management Services throughout South East Asia including: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.
Green Building & LEED AP Consultancy
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEEDÒ) is a third-party “green building” rating system designed to evaluate the sustainable design, construction and operation of a project from a holistic perspective. LEED was developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) to differentiate buildings that demonstrate a commitment to sustainable design, thereby reducing negative environmental impacts of a project, improving building performance and providing a healthy, productive and profitable environment in which to live and work.
The LEED certification of a project follows a 4-tier rating levels scaled from Certified to Platinum level. The certification program focuses on five main categories: - Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy and Atmosphere, Materials and Resources and Indoor Environmental Quality. The LEED portfolio is based on several project specific rating systems:
· New Construction
· Existing Buildings
· Commercial Interiors
· Core & Shell
· Neighbourhood Development
LEED has now become the de facto global “green building” rating system, and since its conception in 2000 now encompasses more than 22,000 registered and certified projects in over 90 countries. The positive business, economic, environmental and health benefits of LEED certification are now recognized by developers and funders in most ASEAN member states such as Thailand, which as of July 2009 has 16 projects registered or certified.
Green building does not necessarily have to come with a high price tag. Innovative, and often simple, modifications to construction and services design can lessen their impact on our environment through energy and resource efficiency. Relatively simple passive solutions in tropical countries include; sun shading, building orientation/placement, solar reflective paints, greywater treatment and reuse, green roofs, use of lower thermal mass materials, rainwater harvesting, use of sustainably sourced and recycled materials, natural ventilation systems (such as solar chimneys) and recycled and non-toxic building and finishing materials. More active solutions include the use of solar panels, biomass boilers, air con waste heat capture and utilization and wind turbines.
SLP Environmental provide sustainable green building consulting services delivered by LEED Accredited Professionals (LEED AP) who have demonstrated a detailed understanding of the LEED certification requirements, processes and practices, and have an integrated knowledge of environmentally sustainable design principles. SLP can facilitate and manage the LEED certification process throughout the project, working closely with the project team and providing guidance on documentation, submittals, prerequisites and credit compliance to obtain certification at any level: Certified, Silver, Gold or Platinum. Please contact us to discuss your specific project requirements.
SLP Environmental provides sustainable building consultancy services throughout South East Asia including: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.
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