aquifer permeability Articles

  • Assessing transmissivity from specific capacity in an alluvial aquifer in the middle Venetian plain (NE Italy)

    Defining aquifer permeability distribution accurately over large areas is often debated in hydrogeology. The operational efforts to calculate hydraulic conductivity with classical aquifer tests are significant; however, accurate knowledge of permeability areal distribution is fundamental both from a hydrogeological and a modeling standpoint. This paper presents an empirical relationship between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility of calcium peroxide as an oxygen releasing compound in treatment walls

    This research investigates the use of a proprietary formulation of calcium peroxide as an oxygen releasing compound in a treatment wall. Laboratory scale column studies evaluated the release of oxygen and the permeability effects resulting from a mixture of the calcium peroxide and a representative aquifer sand (40-mesh Unimin sand). Influent water was prepared at an average dissolved oxygen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Permeable Adsorbing Barriers for groundwater remediation from hexavalent chrome pollution

    Chrome ions removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto an activated carbon (Aquacarb 207EA by Sutcliffe Carbon) and a South African coal char is illustrated. Different chrome concentrations, pH and salinity levels are tested. Experimental data are interpreted by means of a Langmuir approach-based model. Results show that a Permeable Adsorbing Barrier (PAB) made of Aquacarb 207EA can ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dealing with spatial heterogeneity

    Heterogeneity can be dealt with by defining homogeneous equivalent properties, known as averaging, or by trying to describe the spatial variability of the rock properties from geologic observations and local measurements. The techniques available for these descriptions are mostly continuous Geostatistical models, or discontinuous facies models such as the Boolean, Indicator or Gaussian-Threshold ...


    By Springer

  • Natural background levels for chemicals in Icelandic aquifers

    Information about natural background levels (NBLs) of chemicals in source waters allows water utilities to identify trends in drinking water contamination. We estimate NBLs for chemicals in source waters for Icelandic water utilities at both national levels with all data pooled, and according to geological regime. NBLs were derived by collecting samples from 79 aquifers considered largely ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of baseflow recession constants and effective hydraulic parameters in the karst basins of southwest China

    By analysing the hydrographs of karst basin outflow, it is possible to identify aquifer characteristics and, accordingly, the main features of a karst basin. In this study, 19 basins with daily observed flow discharges during drought periods between October and April 1973–1983 were selected to analyse the master recession curve (MRC). During a drought period, the MRCs were separated into segments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigations of wall effect on permeability through porous media at low flow rates

    The study of percolation of fluids through permeable subsoil strata has always been a subject of great significance from engineering point of view. The permeability depends upon both material properties and fluid characteristics. Previous studies are concentrated on the influence of regularly shaped particles on permeability, whereas the present study aims to analyse its variation due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Emulsified-Oil Biobarrier Provides Long-Term Treatment of Perchlorate/VOC Plume

    Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) evaluation of a PRB containing emulsified oil substrate (EOS®). The pilot study was initiated in 2003 at the Alliant Techsystems, Inc., facility in Elkton, MD, to evaluate effectiveness of EOS technology for enhancing biodegration of perchlorate and chlorinated solvents. A single dose of low solubility, low viscosity, and slowly biodegradable ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • GCW as a means of efficiently remediating contaminated groundwater

    With the conventional 'Pump & Treat' method, groundwater is normally extracted from one or several wells, cleaned above ground and disposed off to the either groundwater or surface water. Even when extraction and injection wells are combined, predominantly higher perme-able areas are preferentially penetrated and more fine-grained structures are circumflowed. The bulk of contaminants are ...


    By IEG Technologie GmbH

  • Edible Oil Barriers for Treatment of Perchlorate Contaminated Groundwater

    An EOS® biobarrier was designed and implemented to remediate perchlorate contaminated groundwater. The report describes the site characterization, design steps, implementation, monitoring results and lessons learned from this effective remedial approach. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis final technical report documents the demonstration of emulsified edible oils for remediation of perchlorate in ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Effective distribution of emulsified edible oil for enhanced anaerobic bioremediation

    Abstract Recent laboratory and field studies have shown that injection of emulsified edible oils can provide an effective, low-cost alternative for stimulating anaerobic biodegradation processes. A pilot-scale permeable reactive bio-barrier (PRBB) was installed at a perchlorate and chlorinated solvent impacted site by injecting 380 L of commercially available emulsion (EOS® ) ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Combined interpretation of radar, hydraulic, and tracer data from a fractured-rock aquifer near Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, USA

    An integrated interpretation of field experimental cross-hole radar, tracer, and hydraulic data demonstrates the value of combining time-lapse geophysical monitoring with conventional hydrologic measurements for improved characterization of a fractured-rock aquifer. Time-lapse difference-attenuation radar tomography was conducted during saline tracer experiments at the US Geological Survey ...


    By Springer

  • Gasoline storage tank spill - Exxon

    LOCATION:  Millville, New JerseyPROJECT DATE:  June, 1975 to September, 1976CLIENT:  Exxon BACKGROUND: A gasoline spill from a storage tank was found when gasoline fumes were noticed in basements adjacent to the gasoline station. An undetermined amount of gasoline was lost to the shallow, unconfined sandy aquifer of high porosity and permeability. An extensive clay bed lay beneath ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • Numerical modelling of the environmental impact of landfill leachate leakage on groundwater quality – a field application

    Waste disposal facilities are mainly responsible for the gradual quality degradation of subsurface freshwater reservoirs. The main objective of this work is to identify the groundwater contamination risk due to potential leachate leakage and seepage beneath the municipal landfill of the City of Patras in Greece. A groundwater and leachate mass transport model of the underlying aquifer was ...


    By Springer

  • Field application of ChitoRem chitin complex as a slow release electron donor for dechlorination: Distler Brickyard Site, West Point, KY Case Study

    Background Chloroethene source area (mainly TCE) is present in low permeability sediments. The objective is to clean up the source and prevent migration of contamination to underlying aquifer, which is a local drinking water source. The selected approach enhances the formation permeability while simultaneously providing an electron donor, chitin, for anaerobic ...


    By JRW Bioremediation, L.L.C.

  • Groundwater, flooding and hydrological functioning in the Findhorn floodplain, Scotland

    A large floodplain of the River Findhorn, northeast Scotland, was investigated using hydrogeological and hydrochemical methods (including residence time indicators) to characterise groundwater/surface-water coupling and groundwater flooding. The study demonstrated widespread stratification within the floodplain: shallow (<8 mbgl) deposits are highly permeable (100 m/d); deeper deposits ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality of lowland, permeable Chalk rivers: the Frome and Piddle catchments, west Dorset, UK

    This paper provides a baseline interpretation of extensive hydrochemical characteristics of UK Chalk catchments based on the Frome/Piddle (west Dorset), a major component of the LOCAR (Lowland Catchment Research) programme. It examines a wide range of chemical determinands using data from two long-term (1979–2000) river water monitoring sites. The water quality of the Frome and Piddle is very ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management Improvements Spurred by Low Impact Development Techniques

    Abstract A concept first advanced in 19901, evidence of Low Impact Development (LID) can now be seen across North America. Like many infrastructure transformations, this growth in LID design has benefitted from regulatory changes; compliance versus cost remains an important motivator in any ...


    By Nilex

  • Nipper Tower Brownfield Remediation Project – Camden, NJ

    Site Summary Built between 1915 and 1916, the “ Nipper Tower,” with its’ stained glass rendition of the RCA trademark of the Nipper dog listening to a phonograph watched over the Camden, NJ waterfront for 80 plus years. In 2000, a localdeveloper sought to redevelop the abandoned, vacant, underused and contaminated property (Brownfield) and move it back into productive use. The Nipper ...


    By Regenesis

  • TCE/Fractured Bedrock Remediation in VA

    Site Summary At a manufacturing facility HRC was injected into a crystalline bedrock aquifer contaminated with TCE and its daughter products. Groundwater flow at this site is controlled by fractures in the crystalline rock with little or no permeability present beyond these fractures. The industrial facility had been in operation for over 30 years. Contamination levels reached 220 ppb of TCE so ...


    By Regenesis

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