aquifer testing Articles

  • A Quarter of World Population Facing Water Crisis

    Combinations of solutions, such as water reuse and desalination, must be tailored to individual regions While images of a rising sea level seem to grab the public imagination, the Earth is facing another nightmare scenario associated in large part with climate change. Since the World Resources Institute (WRI) launched its Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas, individuals, ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Numerical evaluation of pumping well transmissivity estimates in laterally heterogeneous formations

    Transmissivity estimates derived from non-steady-state, single well, constant discharge, aquifer tests in laterally heterogeneous environments generally are questioned relative to their representativeness of aquifer conditions. Drawdown in pumping wells reflects the removal of water from storage in the aquifer and transient refraction of groundwater path-lines during the evolution of a ...


    By Springer

  • Abandon Well Contaminate Aquifer

    This article points out the magnitude of this urgent issue.  An abandoned well becomes an opening into an aquifer which is likely to introduce contamination.  Filling it in is a critical component of protecting the well water supply.  Click here to read the ...

  • Assessing transmissivity from specific capacity in an alluvial aquifer in the middle Venetian plain (NE Italy)

    Defining aquifer permeability distribution accurately over large areas is often debated in hydrogeology. The operational efforts to calculate hydraulic conductivity with classical aquifer tests are significant; however, accurate knowledge of permeability areal distribution is fundamental both from a hydrogeological and a modeling standpoint. This paper presents an empirical relationship between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Las Flores basin hydrogeology, camp Pendleton marine corps base, San Diego County, California.

    The Las Flores basin is located in northwest San Diego County, California, on the Camp Pendleton Marine Corps base. The Las Flores basin is one of four groundwater basins that supply drinking water to Camp Pendleton. Groundwater in the Las Flores basin is extracted from the alluvial aquifer and the San Mateo aquifer located in the coastal basin. The San Mateo aquifer is overlain by unconsolidated ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Investigating cross-contamination of aquifers

    Shallow aquifers can cross-contaminate deeper aquifers through penetration of an intervening aquitard, via sandy intervals in the aquitard, along well casings, across long well screens, or around aquitard pinchouts. Distinguishing among these potential pathways requires the use of evaluation tools that may support or eliminate certain pathways. These tools include groundwater gradient and ...


    By Springer

  • Permeable Adsorbing Barriers for groundwater remediation from hexavalent chrome pollution

    Chrome ions removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto an activated carbon (Aquacarb 207EA by Sutcliffe Carbon) and a South African coal char is illustrated. Different chrome concentrations, pH and salinity levels are tested. Experimental data are interpreted by means of a Langmuir approach-based model. Results show that a Permeable Adsorbing Barrier (PAB) made of Aquacarb 207EA can ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pathogen inactivation during passage of stormwater through a constructed reedbed and aquifer transfer, storage and recovery

    A study was undertaken to determine the potential inactivation rates of selected enteric microorganisms in captured urban stormwater within a constructed reedbed and in tertiary carbonated aquifer during an Aquifer Storage, Transfer and Recovery (ASTR) scheme. The study was undertaken in-situ in the constructed reedbed and aquifer using diffusion chambers. The results showed that all tested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Karst groundwater: a challenge for new resources

    Karst aquifers have complex and original characteristics which make them very different from other aquifers: high heterogeneity created and organised by groundwater flow, large voids, high flow velocities up to several hundreds of m/h, high flow rate springs up to some tens of m3/s. Different conceptual models, known from the literature, attempt to take into account all these particularities. The ...


    By Springer

  • A refined groundwater flow model of the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality, China

    The assembly of a groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality is outlined in this paper. Tianjin Municipality was selected because of its complicated hydrogeological conditions and rich data, which could be used to test a refined groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer. When a shallow groundwater flow model is being assembled its recharge and discharge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geological barrier--a natural rock stratus for preventing confined karst water from flowing into mines in North China

    Abstract Coalfields in North China encompassing more than ten Provinces contain six to seven coal seams in the Permo-Carboniferous strata. The lower three seams, accounting for 37% of the total reserves, are threatened with karst water from the underlain Ordovician limestone. Hundreds of water inrush incidences have occurred in which a large amount of water suddenly flows into tunnels or working ...

  • Perchlorate Remediation Project Case Study

    ARCADIS was contracted in 2000 to lead the development, evaluation and selection of a final groundwater remedy for this 94-acre site in California. As part of this work, ARCADIS is also participating in the evaluation of innovative technologies with the potential to treat soil impacts in the multiple source areas across the site. Specifically, the project is focused on the remediation of seven ...


    By Arcadis

  • Assessing the transport and fate of MTBE

    Untitled Document ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • An area matching process to estimate the hydraulic parameters using transient constant-head test data

    A new parameter estimation methodology was established for the interpretation of the transient constant-head test to identify the hydrogeological parameters of an aquifer. The proposed method, referred as the area matching process (AMP), is based on linking the field data to the theoretical type curve through a unique area computed above these curves bounded by a user specified integration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • Simple methods for quick determination of aquifer parameters using slug tests

    The slug test is still one of the simplest and cost-effective methods to interpret the hydraulic parameters for aquifer analysis. This study introduces two new estimation approaches for the slug test, the time shift method (TSM) and arc-length matching method (AMM), to identify aquifer parameters in a reliable and accurate manner, which was established on the idea that any change in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Natural background levels for chemicals in Icelandic aquifers

    Information about natural background levels (NBLs) of chemicals in source waters allows water utilities to identify trends in drinking water contamination. We estimate NBLs for chemicals in source waters for Icelandic water utilities at both national levels with all data pooled, and according to geological regime. NBLs were derived by collecting samples from 79 aquifers considered largely ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents (PDF)

    Enhanced in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents in groundwater has been successfully demonstrated at many sites by supplying lactic acid as an electron donor. The source of lactate for these successful pilot tests is Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC), a polylactate ester specially formulated for slow release of lactic acid upon hydration. HRC has been delivered to chlorinated ...


    By Regenesis

  • Direct-Push Injection and Circulation Biobarrier to Remediate a TCE Groundwater Plume

    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to determine if direct-push drilling methods combined with a circulation system could be used to establish a passive biobarrier in a very transmissive aquifer to treat tricholoroethene (TCE). The Site is located in central Indiana, where historic use of TCE has impacted an unconfined aquifer. A plume consisting primarily of TCE has migrated from west to east ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Characterisation of arsenic contamination in groundwater by statistical methods

    Statistical investigation on groundwater arsenic concentration data of southwest Bangladesh was performed. Two data sets of 1998–99 and 2002–03 were selected for this analysis. Summary statistics of the data shows that the mean concentration exceeds the Bangladesh limit (0.05 mg/l) in all areas. Normality of arsenic concentration data was checked by frequency histogram, skewness coefficient and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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