hydrocarbon pollution Articles

  • Complex hydrocarbon pollutants in America`s Water

    Class action litigation continues to dominate the environmental news as it relates to MTBE (the cleaner previously used in gasoline), Perchlorate (primarily found in rocket fuel); and 1,4-Dioxane ( a widely used solvent) found in numerous State’s well and surface waters. Over 33-states currently have imposed their own regulations on MTBE, and the USEPA is reviewing what the Federal standard for ...


  • Using FTIR spectroscopy to measure hydrocarbon pollution in water

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s 2015 Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water report almost 700 million people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water [1]. Poor water quality is beginning to return to the developed world too. The strain of population growth, intensified agricultural practices and continued industrial expansion have are ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Innovative Project for Hydrocarbons Contamination

    Baioni Crushing Plants, leader in the aggregate crushing sector has been operating for 40 years, have recently developed equipment and methods for environmental control. Several plants have already been supplied to third parties, now Baioni have full know-how of the technology and can ensure correct conception of the line based on the specifications of the soil to reclaim and can provide ...


    By Baioni Crushing Plants Spa

  • Fate of hydrocarbon pollutants in source and non-source control sustainable drainage systems

    Sustainable drainage (SuDs) is an established method for managing runoff from developments, and source control is part of accepted design philosophy. However, there are limited studies into the contribution source control makes to pollutant removal, especially for roads. This study examines organic pollutants, total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • PetroSense Hydrocarbon Sensors and Their Applications

    The increasing concern about hydrocarbon contamination of process water andproduced water has created an increasing need for in-situ, real time, and accurate low costinstrumentation that can provide rapid detection and easily usable in the field. PetroSense sensors [1,2] represents “best in breed” technology for the detectionof total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). PetroSense sensors ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Hydrocarbon evaporative emissions & control for automotives

    Even the cleanest and most efficient vehicle on the market today still pollutes the air and otherwise damages the environment. Motor vehicles emit several noxious pollutants which vehicle emissions standards are designed to regulate. Vehicles generally emit Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon monoxide (CO), Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Fine airborne particulate matter (PM) as pollutants that require control. ...

  • Transboundary Pollution

    All pollutants can be transported through the aquatic environment and atmosphere, and many accumulate in downstream water bodies and their biota. The probability that pollution will cause transboundary impacts depends on the location of its source in relation to national boundaries, as well as the time it takes for a given pollutant to degrade. In general, microbial pollution is primarily a local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of a biofilm formed by a mixture of yeasts isolated in Vietnam to degrade aromatic hydrocarbon polluted wastewater collected from petroleum storage

    In this study, three good biofilm-forming yeast strains, including Candida viswanathii TH1, Candida tropicalis TH4 and Trichosporon asahii B1, were isolated from oil-contaminated water and sediment samples collected in coastal zones of Vietnam. These strains were registered in the GenBank database with the accession numbers JX129175, JX129176 and KC139404 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surfactant–enhanced remediation of soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons

    An experimental programme was undertaken to reclaim the soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Two types of locally available soils, clay with low compressibility and poorly graded sand, were chosen for the study. Both the soils were contaminated with varying percentages of used engine oil and gasoline. Anionic surfactant Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS) was used to reclaim the contaminated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Tehran

    Epidemiological studies have shown correlations between the concentration of particles in the air and increase of daily rates of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and mortality (Douglas et al.,1992; Jonathan et al.,1995; Auron et al.,1995). Elevated lung cancer rates among women in rural china have been attributed to emissions from their coal-fired stoves (Mumford et al.,1987;Alder and ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban air of Tehran

    Epidemiological studies have shown correlations between the concentration of particles in the air and increase of daily rates of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and mortality (Douglas et al.,1992; Jonathan et al.,1995; Auron et al.,1995). Elevated lung cancer rates among women in rural china have been attributed to emissions from their coal-fired stoves (Mumford et al.,1987;Alder and ...


  • The BIOZO process – a biofilm system combined with ozonation: occurrence of xenobiotic organic micro-pollutants in and removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nitrogen from landfill leachate

    We present an assessment of xenobiotic organic micro-pollutants (XOM) occurrence and removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a novel biofilm system combined with ozonation, the BIOZO concept, treating partly stabilised landfill leachate. A novel, staged moving-bed biofilm reactor (SMBBR) design was implemented in laboratory- and pilot-scale, and the PAHs removal efficiency of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrocarbon Removal Using Bioremediation with Porous Paving and Bio-swales

    Hydrocarbon Problem Asphalt paving and emissions from vehicles generate an ongoing source of light hydrocarbon emissions, which can include numerous “anes” and “enes” along with aromatic hydrocarbons (the bulk of which evaporate into the atmosphere when spilled). Most of these materials can be toxic, and are regulated by concentration amounts contained within ...


    By Invisible Structures, Inc.

  • Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons through landfarming: Are simplicity and cost-effectiveness the only advantages?

    The biological removal of petroleum products using landfarming has been applied commercially in large scale with relative success. The technology has been widely used due to its simplicity and cost-effectiveness. However, together with these advantages, there are physical, chemical and biological aspects of the technology that can hamper the remediation process. The dominant pollutant removal ...


    By Springer

  • The Three Basic Parameters for How to Address Oil / Hydrocarbon Based Material Spills

    The most basic quesAon to ask in regards to oil spills is, why do you clean them up? Very few people get the reason why you clean up an oil spill. The reason you clean up an oil spill is to reduce the toxicity of the oil to the environment so that living organisms can survive/ live. If single celled organisms can live in the environment, then generally ...

  • Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by sensitized room temperature phosphorescence

    Abstract Direct and selective simultaneous determination of several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by sensitized room temperature phosphorescence in sodium dodecylsulphate micellar solutions was studied. This approach improved, for example, the selectivity factor in determining pyrene in the presence of fluoranthene by a factor of 350, and determined benz[a]anthracene and anthracene in the ...


    By Springer

  • Removal of hydrocarbons from synthetic road runoff through adsorptive filters

    Compact filter systems, which are installed to significantly reduce the load of pollutants from road runoff, are very promising treatments for urban runoff. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of activated carbon, activated lignite, zero valent iron, exfoliated graphite, amorphous ferric hydroxide, and activated alumina at removing petrol hydrocarbons from synthetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Niger Delta soil: contamination sources and profiles

    Abstract The distribution and sources of PAHs in soil as well as PAHs profiles have been investigated in areas with anthropogenic pollution in the Niger Delta (Nigeria) such as Warri and Ughelli. PAHs were identified in 21 soil samples (0- 10cm upper layer) collected in May, 2003. The typical total PAHs level in Niger Delta soil ranged from 182 ± 112 – to - 433 ±256 ìg/kg dw. PAH ...

  • Surface water polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in urban areas of Nanjing, China

    The concentration, sources and environmental risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface water in urban areas of Nanjing were investigated. The range of ∑16PAHs concentration is between 4,076 and 29,455 ng/L, with a mean of 17,212 ng/L. The composition of PAHs indicated that 2- and 3-ring PAHs have the highest proportion in all PAHs, while the 5- and 6-ring PAHs were the least ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electroplating Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

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