chromium soil remediation Articles

  • Evaluation of sodium lignosulphonate for the remediation of chromium–contaminated soil and water

    Commercial sodium lignosulphonate, a by–product of sulphite pulp leaching, was evaluated for the remediation of soil and water contaminated with hexavalent chromium. Two series of bench–scale tests were performed: (a) removal of chromium from water using reagent binding and membrane separation; and (b) stabilisation of chromium in the soil using chemical soil flushing. Water treatment tests were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influences of soil properties on chromium (iii) sorption

    The presence of chromium in the environment is widespread due to its usage in many industrial processes. The metallurgic, tanning and plating industries are just a few examples of applications which use chromium on a daily basis (Nriagu and Nieboer, 1988). Chromium is stable in 2 oxidation states: cationic Cr with a valence of 3 and anionic with a valence of 6. Chromium (III) is often considered ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Reduction remediation of hexavalent chromium by bacterial flora in Cr(VI) aqueous solution

    Chromium(VI) is a priority pollutant in soils and wastewaters and reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) is a solution to this problem. In this study a low-cost method was proposed to adapt indigenous bacteria and use them to reduce Cr(VI) in solutions. The experiment results show that Cr(VI) could be efficiently reduced by indigenous bacteria under anaerobic and pH-unadjusted conditions. After about ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • NUBIOLA: Investigation & Remediation of contaminated soil, groundwater & buildings (Phases I,II,III)

    The industrial activity of the factory Nubiola, pigment manufacturers since 1914, caused contamination of the soil, the groundwater and the buildings on the site. The identified contamination showed Chromium VI, various other metals, sulphates and oils. The objective: remediate the site environmentally in order to be reutilised as a residential ...

  • Perchlorate Remediation Project Case Study

    ARCADIS was contracted in 2000 to lead the development, evaluation and selection of a final groundwater remedy for this 94-acre site in California. As part of this work, ARCADIS is also participating in the evaluation of innovative technologies with the potential to treat soil impacts in the multiple source areas across the site. Specifically, the project is focused on the remediation of seven ...


    By Arcadis

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using micro zero-valent iron supported by bentonite layer

    Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) is of particular environmental concern due to its toxicity, mobility, and challenging removal from industrial wastewater. It is a strong oxidizing agent that is carcinogenic and mutagenic and diffuses quickly through soil and aquatic environments. Moreover, it does not form insoluble compounds in aqueous solutions; therefore, separation by precipitation is not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • In-Situ Remediation of Heavy Metals Using Sulfur-Based Treatment Technologies

    The Metal Problem Highly toxic and highly soluble metals are contained in numerous waste streams including those from power, chemical, electronics facilities, general manufacturing plants, and mining facilities. Lead, chromium, arsenic, zinc, cadmium, copper, and mercury are the most common metal contaminants found on remediation project sites (US EPA, October, 2000). Cyanide is a common ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • In-Situ Groundwater Remediation of Heavy Metals at an Active Manufacturing Facility

    Tetra Tech & Adventus deploy In-Situ Groundwater Remediation of Heavy Metals at an Active Manufacturing Facility. Site History: 1966 to the present: Manufacturing of various automotive components 1966 to1984: Operation of chromium plating 1983: Release of metal plating rinse water 1983 to 1989: Excavation of soil and operation of 4 groundwater recovery wells 2006: ...


  • Trace metal characterization of soils using the Optima 7300 DV ICP-OES

    Soil testing helps diagnose soil health and guides in the development of soilspecific and crop-specific remedies. It is an indispensable tool to assure national food safety, nutritional accuracy, maintenance of soil health and enhancement of soil fertility. Based on this analysis, farmers may be advised on soil fertility to make agriculture more productive and sustainable. Micronutrient analysis ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • A Tale of Two Sites - Enhanced Bioremediation of Explosives Impacted Soils

    The problem with OE compounds in soil A variety of organic explosive (OE) compounds have been used for military, geological and industrial applications throughout North America, and in most industrialized nations. During their manufacture, formulation and storage, these compounds have migrated to the soil. Compounds such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine ...


  • Use of earthworms (Eisenia fetida) and vermicompost in the processing and safe management of hazardous solid and liquid wastes with high metal contents

    Two feasibility studies using the earthworm (Eisenia fetida) and vermicompost in the processing and remediation of solid and liquid wastes with high metal content are presented: vermicompost as adsorbent substrate for remediation of wastewaters contaminated with metals; earthworms for remediation of arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg) in landfill soils. The feasibility of vermicompost for the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • Treatment of a mixed CVOC and cr contaminated site using in situ chemical reduction (ISCR) and Stimulated Biotic Mineralization

    The implementation of efficient and cost-effective remedial solutions in the clean-up of impacted properties is paramount in returning brownfields and other impacted properties to viable use in the face of the recent real estate market declines. Historical site use of the Cleveland Flats project area included: a manufactured gas plant (circa. 1850), trucking terminal, & plating operations. As ...


  • Confidential Site (ISOTEC Case Study 60) Injection of calcium polysulfide for in-situ treatment of heavy metals (hexavalent chrome)

    ISOTEC was retained to implement a calcium polysulfide (CAPS) treatment program at a confidential site in northern New Jersey to address heavy metal impacted soils. The target contaminant of concern (COC) was hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)]. Concentrations of Cr (VI) in soils varied from less than 240 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) ...

  • EFFECT OF CROPPING SYSTEMS ON HEAVY METAL DISTRIBUTION AND MERCURY FRACTIONATION IN THE WANSHAN MINING DISTRICT, CHINA: IMPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

    We studied the concentration of heavy metals and mercury fractionation in contaminated soil for two agricultural land use systems (paddy rice and dry‐land) at the Wanshan Hg mine in China. The average concentration of chromium, lead, copper, nickel and zinc was generally lower in paddy‐rice (PR) soil relative to corn field (CF) soil. Soil under CF production was slightly contaminated with lead ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • KB-1® Bioaugmentation Leading to Site Closure

    Problem DefinitionIn 2004, the site was an active manufacturing facility with plume trichloroethene (TCE) concentrations ranging from 1 to 20 milligrams per liter (mg/L), and hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) ranging from 0.5 to 7 mg/L. Intermediate degradation products of TCE were present in only trace concentrations in this primarily aerobic aquifer. The site source area was excavated in March ...


    By SIREM

  • Mercury Removal

    The Adventus Mercury Removal AdvantageResponsible environmental experts in the academic, business and regulatory communities are increasingly more worried about the high levels of mercury contamination affecting many parts of the world. The international community is focusing their attention on this growing problem and EHC-M will clearly help, as it is perfectly suited for treating environments ...


  • Arsenic Removal

    The Arsenic Removal ProcessArsenic, a naturally occurring element, is found throughout the environment; for most people, food is the major source of exposure. Acute (short-term) high-level inhalation exposure to arsenic dust or fumes has resulted in gastrointestinal effects (nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain); central and peripheral nervous system disorders have occurred in workers acutely ...


  • Effective distribution of emulsified edible oil for enhanced anaerobic bioremediation

    Abstract Recent laboratory and field studies have shown that injection of emulsified edible oils can provide an effective, low-cost alternative for stimulating anaerobic biodegradation processes. A pilot-scale permeable reactive bio-barrier (PRBB) was installed at a perchlorate and chlorinated solvent impacted site by injecting 380 L of commercially available emulsion (EOS® ) ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

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