soil sample test Articles

  • New ASTM Test Method Offers Quick and Easy Oil and Grease Measurement for Water and Soil Samples

    Onsite Field Measurement of Oil and Grease A quick and easy field analysis method for determining oil and grease concentration levels is important for both offshore oil platforms and soil remediation sites.. Prior to the Montreal Protocol, infrared (IR) analysis using Freon as an extraction solvent was a widely used field and laboratory method. In 1999, the U.S. EPA promulgated Method 1664A ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • How To Complete A Soil Test The Right Way

    A soil test should be one of the first steps you take in your landscape plan. Many of us never take this important first step, which contributes, to wasted resources and wasted time. The U.S. Department of Agriculture says soil testing is an “essential” tool that provides information on fertility and pH. Testing also indicates ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • The 75-year history of soil sampling equipment supplier, AMS

    Almost 75 years ago in the small town of American Falls, Idaho, a man had a dream and a vision. Art Vollweiler had the philosophy that “everything was a work of Art.” Associating his name with everything he created meant something in 1942. It meant that everything he designed and built was made to last. Art’s assurance in quality has stood the test of time, and continues to be ...

  • Semifield testing of a bioremediation tool for atrazine‐contaminated soils: Evaluating the efficacy on soil and aquatic compartments

    The present study evaluated the bioremediation efficacy of a cleanup tool for atrazine‐contaminated soils (Pseudomonas sp. ADP plus citrate [P. ADP + CIT]) at a semifield scale, combining chemical and ecotoxicological information. Three experiments representing worst‐case scenarios of atrazine contamination for soil, surface water (due to runoff), and groundwater (due to leaching) were performed ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Large-Scale Laboratory Permeability Testing of a Compacted Clay Soil

    Constant-head permeability (hydraulic conductivity) tests were performed on samples of a compacted clay soil using a 0.914 by 0.914 by 0.457-m (3 by 3 by 1.5-ft) large-scale, double-ring, rigid-wall permeameter. A naturally occurring silty clay soil was used for the permeability tests. The soil was separated into five different fractions representing five different ranges in precompaction clod ...


    By ASTM International

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • Soil Treatment of Chlordane

    The following graph illustrates the analytical results of a bio-treatability study conducted on MTBE. A two-liter groundwater sample was collected from the client's service station in western Pennsylvania. We tested three different combinations of microbe and nutrient products in order to determine which products are the most effective. The results indicate that MTBE can be bioremediated by our ...


    By Catalina Biosolutions

  • Minneapolis Offers Free Soil Testing to Raise Public Awareness of Lead Hazards

    In 1998, the City of Minneapolis designed and implemented an innovative public outreach program to provide free access to soil testing for lead content to all Minneapolis residents. Soil testing kits were made available through local hardware stores, gardening centers and community groups. Citizens could either bring in samples to local merchants where city employees performed on-the-spot ...

  • Evaluation of zone soil sampling approaches for phosphorus and potassium based on corn and soybean response to fertilization

    Soil sampling approaches have been compared based on soil-test variation. This study evaluated sampling approaches for P and K based on yield response to fertilization. Strip trials were established on four fields for P and three fields for K managed with corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) rotations and evaluated 3 or 4 yr (27 site-years). Treatments replicated three to four ...

  • The Influence of Test Procedure on Correlation of Atterberg Limits with Liquefaction in Fine-Grained Soils

    Liquefaction potential of fine-grained soil deposits is today judged, in part, based on an observed correlation of Atterberg limits to field performance of soils shaken by the 1976 Tangshan earthquake in the People´s Republic of China (PRC). Criteria were subsequently developed and adopted into current liquefaction potential evaluation practice without regard to the test procedures used to ...


    By ASTM International

  • Quantitative leak testing for soil gas wells using a commercially available helium tracer shroud

    In this paper we present design considerations, use, procedures and validation data for a commercially available Helium tracer soil gas sampling shroud that can be rented from an internationally accredited environmental testing laboratory with soil gas measurement capabilities. Soil Gas Sampling using the Helium shroud technique described in Appendix C, page 57, CA DTSC Soil Gas Advisory Document ...

  • Response of corn and cotton to starter phosphorus on soils testing very high in phosphorus

    Phosphorus from agricultural lands poses a problem in water resources. In 2003, more than 48% of soil samples submitted to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (NCDA&CS) soil testing laboratory tested very high in soil P (>120 mg dm–3 P). As soil test P increases, off-site P loss increases, through erosion, soluble P runoff, or leaching. On soils testing above high ...

  • Chemical Impregnation of Cohesionless Soils

    Existing methods to obtain and test high-quality undisturbed samples of cohesionless soil below the water table depend at some stage on freezing. This limits the range of application to relatively clean sands, and even for those soils the freezing operation is delicate, time-consuming, and costly. Moreover, there is no direct way to check, independently, the effects of the freezing process on the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Stabilization of Liquefiable Samples During Transport

    This technical note presents a new method to transport liquefiable soils from the investigation site to the laboratory. The development of this method resulted from research on liquefiable soils from the Imperial Valley, CA. This method is based upon the application of a slight vacuum on the pore water of the soil. The vacuum decreases the pore pressure, and therefore increases the effective ...


    By ASTM International

  • Alkaline soil, sensible sensor

    Field sensor quickly, accurately identifies soil issues Producers sometimes face challenges that go deep into the soil. They need answers to help the soil, on site. A portable field sensor can accurately measure minerals in soils more easily and efficiently than existing methods. And a research team, including a middle school student and her scientist father, can confirm ...

  • Small-increment electric soil sampler

    Measurement of soil bulk density and volumetric water content in small (2-cm) depth increments is tedious and time consuming. Most methods require compositing several subsamples to control measurement error, and few are feasible with loose, dry soils. We developed and tested a sampler that uses an electric linear actuator to push an intact soil core out of the sampling tube. The soil core is ...

  • Effects of silver nanoparticles (NM‐300K) on Lumbricus rubellus earthworms and particle characterisation in relevant test matrices, including soil

    The impact of silver nanoparticles (AgNP; at 0, 1.5, 15.4 and 154 mg Ag/kg soil) and silver nitrate (AgNO3; 15.4 mg Ag/kg soil) on earthworms, Lumbricus rubellus, was assessed. Four week exposure to the highest AgNP treatment reduced growth and reproduction, compared with the control. AgNO3 exposure also impaired reproduction, but not as much as the highest AgNP treatment. Long‐term exposure ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A Simulation of Tube Sampling Effects on the Stiffness of Clays

    The effect of tube sampling disturbance on the prefailure behavior of reconstituted kaolin was investigated in the triaxial cell. Previously published forms of stress paths followed by normally consolidated and overconsolidated clays during simulated sampling have been substantiated. After the initial stresses were restored, the behavior of the undisturbed clay at small strains (up to 0.1%) was ...


    By ASTM International

  • Expansive Soils under Cyclic Drying and Wetting

    An approach was developed to study the swell-shrinkage behavior of expansive soil samples in the laboratory under the action of the actual load to which the soil will be subjected in the field. The fatigue phenomenon due to cyclic drying and wetting has been under investigation, and this paper describes in detail the modified oedometer used in this investigation and the testing procedure adopted. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Apparatus and Procedure for an In Situ Collapse Test

    Procedures for plate load testing in both shallow pits and at the bottom of a borehole are presented with descriptions of the required apparatus. The procedures were developed for collapsible soils but are expected to be useful for swelling soils as well. A key feature of the new procedures is that the wetted bulb of soil under the plate is controlled and its depth is measured at the end of the ...


    By ASTM International

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