NORM Waste Articles

  • Recycling process water containing Radioactive Contamination (NORMs) - Case Study

    The recycling of process water containing radioactive contamination within a Refurbishment Facility using Star-Sep™ Ceramic Crossflow Filtration This crossflow microfiltration process, using Mantec’s patented star channel Star-Sep™ Ceramic Membranes, renders the filtered water bacterially inactive and free of NORMs, which means that it can be re-used within the ...

  • How to treat radioactive NORM sludge with VacuDry

    NORM doesn’t sound like a big thing. But Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material might let the alarm bells ring. Everyone has heard of “radioactive material” and that sounds dangerous. However, most of this material is trapped deep in the ground beneath our feet. From there it reaches the surface, for example via the water cycle. Another possible pathway for NORM to reach the ...

  • Innovation and development in search of a political theory of justice

    Recent approaches to innovation and development have slowly started shifting their emphasis from economic growth to social equality and justice. These two concepts were prominent in the 1970s, but were sidelined during the neo-liberal era and are currently being rediscovered. Thus, innovation and development researchers now agree that ‘making new things in new ways’ has positive and negative ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radiometric ratings for phosphogypsum in industrial areas in Romania

    In order to assess the potential environmental risk of phosphogypsum and to establish a future and proper pollution management plan of gyp–stacks and waste dumps resulted due to the operation of former chemical plant, several types of measurements have been made. This paper presents the atmospheric radon concentrations measurements for phosphogypsum deposits in three areas of chemical industry. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • econ VacuDry® technology proves successful for the treatment of NORM wastes

    Large amounts of drilling sludge containing low levels of natural radioactivity is a resultant by-product of the oil and gas production process. These so-called NORM-sludges (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material) are often contaminated with both mercury and hydrocarbons. The econ industries VacuDry® technology is recognized in Germany as the first choice for the extraction of the mercury ...

  • Extensive remediation of superfund site - case study

    The 80 acre site, formerly a minerals processing facility, was operated primarily to recover lithium and other rare-earth minerals from ores. Raw ores were imported to the site for processing. During one phase of its operations, the facility also processed uranium ores for the government. The site was listed as by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Comprehensive Environmental ...

  • Gender and family in transnational entrepreneurship

    The current process of globalisation is not only about increasing cross–border flows of capital, goods and services, but also about people moving often from developing to developed areas in search of a better life. The role of women in these dislocations is increasing as they are counted on to provide for their families, while in many cases still expected to conform to traditional nurturing roles ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low natural terrestrial radioactivity in oil–derived lubricants

    Oil and gas production processing operations have been known to involve naturally occurring radioactive materials that lead to internal and external radiation hazards and thus a significant radiation dose to the workers. In this work, samples of nine oil lubricants used on a daily basis were collected from local suppliers in Egypt and analysed to determine their natural radioactivity. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • NORMs contamination treatment using Ivey-sol technology

    NORMs (naturally occurring radioactive materials) are found almost everywhere, and many natural materials, such as the earth’s crust, contain such radioactive materials. So what happens when oil and gas activities such as petroleum refining and natural gas extraction, disturb such radioactive material? They can alter the natural background radiation — the radiation that we are ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Thoron exposure for workers with naturally occurring radioactive materials

    Thoron levels and consequent radiation doses by its inhalation were determined for workers who handle naturally occurring radioactive materials in two facilities at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (Ipen), Sao Paulo, Brazil.Keywords: thoron levels, dose assessment, TENORM, natural series, radiation doses, inhalation, naturally occurring radioactive materials, low radiation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mastering biological industrialisation: a social challenge

    Built largely upon age-old practices and social customs, biological knowledge mobilised both in agriculture and the field of health escaped, for a long time, uniformisation, and thus privatisation. Until recently, in effect, the heterogeneity of practices and social organisations favoured a wide dispersion of production techniques. Price systems and modes of appropriation further strengthened ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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