Nuclear Waste Articles

  • Assessment of uncertainty in discrete fracture network modeling using probabilistic distribution method

    There have been widespread concerns about solute transport problems in fractured media, e.g. the disposal of high-level radioactive waste in geological fractured rocks. Numerical simulation of particle tracking is gradually being employed to address these issues. Traditional predictions of radioactive waste transport using discrete fracture network (DFN) models often consider one particular ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Nuclear Waste Incineration (France)

    Nuclear waste incineration trials 1996 Glosfume successfully provided a pilot filter to carry out various trials on nuclear waste incineration. The filter was designed to operate under vacuum and passed all of the stringent requirements of French Nuclear Fuels. Similar filters have subsequently been used on several sites throughout France, contributing to reduced waste disposal costs and ...


    By Glosfume

  • Nuclear Waste: Greatest environmental challenge facing society

    Dr Tim Johnson discusses how we can tackle the nuclear waste epidemic. A world full of waste They say you can tell a lot about a society by what it throws away. Like me, I’m sure you can recall the excitement of archaeologists on numerous TV documentaries, sifting through the remains of a rubbish dump or ‘midden’ on the edge of some ...

  • Things to know about the federal government`s nuke dump

    Valentine's Day 2014 was coming to a close. There were fewer than a dozen workers holding down the night shift at the federal government's nuclear waste repository in southern New Mexico. An alarm sounded inside the central monitoring room less than an hour before midnight. Somewhere in the underground salt caverns, radioactivity triggered the ...


    By Associated Press

  • Nuclear waste storage and environmental intergenerational externalities

    This article analyses the long–term consequences of nuclear waste storage within a general equilibrium framework. The objective is to determine the conditions for which the storage of waste, and thus the transfer of externalities towards the future, can be optimal. These conditions could explain the implementation of intergenerational externalities, justifying an intertemporal Not in My Back Yard ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research output in radioactive waste management based on non–conventional literature

    This paper identifies the research paradigms in the area of radioactive waste management based on the technical reports retrieved from the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) from 1970 to 2012. The aim is to determine the volume of research output, the countries involved in the research; collaboration network has been studied at the micro level (individuals) and the macro level ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An ontological approach to knowledge management for sustainable nuclear decommissioning

    Nuclear decommissioning design and operational knowledge may remain relevant over many decades. Designing sustainable operations today requires meaningful simulation of future events, which in turn relies on the accurate representation of all relevant current knowledge. In decommissioning, human agents may be as important for maintaining operational safety as technical systems, so simulations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A step towards establishing nuclear safety infrastructure for introduction of nuclear power programme in Bangladesh

    The existing regulatory infrastructure for nuclear power of Bangladesh consists of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control (NSRC) Act, 1993 and NSRC Rules 1997, which was established based on the IAEA BSS 115, overlooking other Safety Standards. Bangladesh made a knowledgeable decision regarding implementation of NPP. Accordingly, the country is committed to establish an independent regulatory body ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Socio–environmental nuclear conflicts: the case of El Cabril

    Since the commissioning of the 'El Cabril' Central Storage Facility for Low– and Intermediate–level Radioactive Waste (hereafter 'El Cabril'), most people living in nearby towns and villages have regarded this nuclear facility with a marked degree of rejection and distrust. This study examines the process of analysis, management and intervention specifically designed and implemented with a view ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Got Survey Meters - How About Carbon -14 & Tritium Survey Meters?????

    Now show me your Carbon-14 and Tritium survey meter. Ooops, don’t have one? Regulatory Guide 1.21 defines a principal nuclide as any radionuclide whose concentration exceeds 1% of its total release. It states that the released quantity must be included in the Annual Radioactivity Discharge Report. For many U.S. nuclear power plants Tritium and C-14 have ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Cyclic voltammetric studies for the electrochemical determination of palladium in high–level nuclear waste

    Cyclic voltammetric studies of Pd(II)/Pd(0) electrode process were carried out on a Glassy Carbon Electrode (GCE) in HCl for the development of an Anodic Stripping Voltammetric (ASV) method for the determination of palladium in High–Level Nuclear Waste (HLNW). Pd(II) reduces electrochemically to Pd(0) in a wide potential range, depending upon the concentration of HCl. No significant effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear waste management using alpha particle physical phenomena by nanoscale investigations

    Nuclear waste is investigated from the aspect of its nanoscale behaviour. Four materials are selected as the nuclear waste container. Using the irradiation-induced amorphisation, some characteristics are examined. The Displacement Per Atom (dpa) is affected by the ion dose using the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter 2008 (SRIM 2008) code system, which is a computer package of molecular dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • System of combined active and passive control of fissile materials and their nuclide composition in nuclear wastes

    New methods of non-destructive control must be developed and existing ones must be improved in order to solve the problem of control of fissile materials (FMs) in vessels with nuclear wastes, and to provide safe operation of nuclear power plants. This paper considers the application of active methods of control on the basis of DD or DT pulsed neutron generators. These methods are more ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimisation of processes in a two-stage installation for liquid radioactive waste immobilisation

    A two-stage installation for liquid radioactive waste (LRW) immobilisation is intended for LRW reprocessing with the objective to include radionuclides into solid vitreous matrix. Depending on the processing scheme of immobilisation, an installation for LRW immobilisation may include one or more devices. This paper describes a developed mathematical model of a two-stage installation for LRW ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Selection and design criteria of supported liquid membrane for the treatment of rad-waste

    Supported Liquid Membrane (SLM) is an emerging trace metal pre-concentration technique. It has the ability to decontaminate radionuclides even from lean secondary effluent. SLM can be considered as a part of process intensification, which implies a closed loop operation. It has reduced space requirement as well as minimised secondary effluent generation and the number of unit steps. Proper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A simple gamma technique for the assay of radioactive waste drums

    A simple gamma technique based on using two identical detectors has been studied and applied to assay radwaste drums. The characterisation and performance of the measurement system are discussed for practical application. The results show that the proposed technique successfully solved the problem of assay of unusual radwaste drums (as released from Dalat Nuclear Reactor, Vietnam).Keywords: gamma ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recovery and pre-concentration of uranium from secondary effluent using novel resin

    The act of enrichment or improving the quality of product concentration, i.e. 'pre-concentration', has been studied with respect to uranium plant effluent, which contains uranium in 10?30 ppm level intermingled with a huge number of interfering ions, such as magnesium, in percent level. The effects of different operating conditions, such as concentration of uranium in the effluent, pH, the time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The UK's nuclear renaissance and its legal foundations

    This paper addresses the proposed development of a new generation of new nuclear power stations in England and Wales. It explains the genesis of this nuclear renaissance and explores the legal changes which have been instituted to facilitate that programme. It explores some of the areas of likely legal controversy and conflict, for example in relation to how the wastes from new power stations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global nuclear crisis

    We are living in a world rife with many types of crises. The most prominent and urgent crisis involves the Earth's ecology. Environmental crises involving ozone depletion, global warming, toxic and radioactive wastes, air pollution, industrial accidents, etc., are affecting communities around the world. This paper examines changes in crisis management theory and practice. In the past two decades, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Behaviour of radioactive iodine and bromine from aqueous solutions on the ion-exchange resin Duolite A-113

    The iodide and bromide forms of the ion exchange resin Duolite A-113 were equilibrated separately with respectively labelled iodide and bromide ion solutions of different concentrations, varying from 0.005 M to 0.100 M in the temperature range of 26.0°C to 43.0°C. The distribution coefficient Kd values calculated for iodide and bromide ion exchanges increase with the ionic concentration of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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