Nuclear Waste Articles

  • Nuclear Waste: Greatest environmental challenge facing society

    Dr Tim Johnson discusses how we can tackle the nuclear waste epidemic. A world full of waste They say you can tell a lot about a society by what it throws away. Like me, I’m sure you can recall the excitement of archaeologists on numerous TV documentaries, sifting through the remains of a rubbish dump or ‘midden’ on the edge of some ...

  • Things to know about the federal government`s nuke dump

    Valentine's Day 2014 was coming to a close. There were fewer than a dozen workers holding down the night shift at the federal government's nuclear waste repository in southern New Mexico. An alarm sounded inside the central monitoring room less than an hour before midnight. Somewhere in the underground salt caverns, radioactivity triggered the ...


    By Associated Press

  • Nuclear waste storage and environmental intergenerational externalities

    This article analyses the long–term consequences of nuclear waste storage within a general equilibrium framework. The objective is to determine the conditions for which the storage of waste, and thus the transfer of externalities towards the future, can be optimal. These conditions could explain the implementation of intergenerational externalities, justifying an intertemporal Not in My Back Yard ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research output in radioactive waste management based on non–conventional literature

    This paper identifies the research paradigms in the area of radioactive waste management based on the technical reports retrieved from the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) from 1970 to 2012. The aim is to determine the volume of research output, the countries involved in the research; collaboration network has been studied at the micro level (individuals) and the macro level ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy: societal and knowledge management aspects

    Multidisciplinary complexity and special characteristics of nuclear energy management lead to varied public perception of associated risks. Arguments on how nuclear power plants might contribute to sustainability or threaten it are discussed. Energy produced from nuclear power reactors may contribute to the economic development of the country they are built in by providing electricity with lower ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Got Survey Meters - How About Carbon -14 & Tritium Survey Meters?????

    Now show me your Carbon-14 and Tritium survey meter. Ooops, don’t have one? Regulatory Guide 1.21 defines a principal nuclide as any radionuclide whose concentration exceeds 1% of its total release. It states that the released quantity must be included in the Annual Radioactivity Discharge Report. For many U.S. nuclear power plants Tritium and C-14 have ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Nuclear waste management using alpha particle physical phenomena by nanoscale investigations

    Nuclear waste is investigated from the aspect of its nanoscale behaviour. Four materials are selected as the nuclear waste container. Using the irradiation-induced amorphisation, some characteristics are examined. The Displacement Per Atom (dpa) is affected by the ion dose using the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter 2008 (SRIM 2008) code system, which is a computer package of molecular dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimisation of processes in a two-stage installation for liquid radioactive waste immobilisation

    A two-stage installation for liquid radioactive waste (LRW) immobilisation is intended for LRW reprocessing with the objective to include radionuclides into solid vitreous matrix. Depending on the processing scheme of immobilisation, an installation for LRW immobilisation may include one or more devices. This paper describes a developed mathematical model of a two-stage installation for LRW ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recovery and pre-concentration of uranium from secondary effluent using novel resin

    The act of enrichment or improving the quality of product concentration, i.e. 'pre-concentration', has been studied with respect to uranium plant effluent, which contains uranium in 10?30 ppm level intermingled with a huge number of interfering ions, such as magnesium, in percent level. The effects of different operating conditions, such as concentration of uranium in the effluent, pH, the time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global nuclear crisis

    We are living in a world rife with many types of crises. The most prominent and urgent crisis involves the Earth's ecology. Environmental crises involving ozone depletion, global warming, toxic and radioactive wastes, air pollution, industrial accidents, etc., are affecting communities around the world. This paper examines changes in crisis management theory and practice. In the past two decades, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Behaviour of radioactive iodine and bromine from aqueous solutions on the ion-exchange resin Duolite A-113

    The iodide and bromide forms of the ion exchange resin Duolite A-113 were equilibrated separately with respectively labelled iodide and bromide ion solutions of different concentrations, varying from 0.005 M to 0.100 M in the temperature range of 26.0°C to 43.0°C. The distribution coefficient Kd values calculated for iodide and bromide ion exchanges increase with the ionic concentration of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A study on the distribution coefficient of bromide ions from aqueous solution on ion exchange resins Duolite A-101D and Duolite A-102D

    The ion exchange resins Duolite A-101D and Duolite A-102D in bromide form were equilibrated separately with labelled radioactive bromide ion solutions of different concentrations varying from 0.005 M to 0.100 M in the temperature range of 25.0°C to 45.0°C. The Kd values of bromide ions for Duolite A-102D were higher than that for Duolite A-101D under identical experimental conditions. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A study on the distribution coefficient of iodide ions from aqueous solution on some strongly basic anion exchange resins

    The ion exchange resins Duolite A-116, Indion 830 Type-1 and Indion N-IP Type-2 in iodide form were equilibrated separately with labelled radioactive iodide ion solutions of different concentrations varying from 0.005 M to 0.020 M in the temperature range of 25.0°C to 40.0°C. The Kd values of iodide ions for Duolite A-116 and Indion N-IP Type-2 were higher than that for Indion 830 Type-1 under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A critique of the Department of Energy's environmental programme for the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA

    Legislative standards, regulatory provisions, and US Department of Energy (DOE) policies have defined the environmental programme to study the planned high-level nuclear waste repository site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The DOE has limited environmental data collection for purposes of monitoring and mitigating impacts of proposed characterisation activities and repository development. Most of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear power economics and prospects in the USA

    This paper addresses three questions concerning the economics of and prospects for nuclear power in the USA: (1) What is the long-term economic future of nuclear energy? (2) Is the inability to resolve the nuclear waste issue a factor that will limit new nuclear plant development? (3) Are the new designs for nuclear plants an advance over current designs? With respect to the first question, we ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination and use of scaling factors for waste characterization in nuclear power plants

    Disposal of radioactive waste requires knowledge of its radioactivity content in terms of the concentrations of specific radionuclides. This information is used by the repository operator and/or regulator to track radionuclide inventories and concentrations, which are generally limited by the repository safety assessment and resulting operating licence. It is normally the responsibility of waste ...

  • Life after barnwell

    Medical facilities that retain dumping privileges at Barnwell, South Carolina’s host site for low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) are breathing sighs of relief, while dozens of former clients from outcast states are still holding their breath. The Federal LLRW Policy Act (1980) limited accesses to Barnwell last year to members of the three-state Atlantic Compact. The act was supposed to foster ...

  • Leaching of Nitrogen and Phenolics from wood waste and co-composts used for road rehabilitation

    Rehabilitation and reforestation of disused forest roads and landings can be facilitated by the incorporation of organic matter. The British Columbia forest industry creates residual woody materials, but they are nutrient poor and may leach phenolic compounds. We assessed the potential for wood wastes (chipped cedar wood waste, sort-yard waste, hogfuel) and co-composts with shellfish waste or ...

  • Opinion: Nuclear Waste Management and New Build

    Keywords: nuclear power, Generic Design Assessment, CO2 emissions, radiological protection, thermal oxide reprocessing, Radioactive Substances Act, Ionising Radiations Regulations, decommissioning and remediation of nuclear sites INTRODUCTION The history of designing, constructing and commissioning new nuclear power stations in the UK is not, it must be ...


  • The flawed economics of nuclear power

    Over the last few years the nuclear industry has used concerns about climate change to argue for a nuclear revival. Although industry representatives may have convinced some political leaders that this is a good idea, there is little evidence of private capital investing in nuclear plants in competitive electricity markets. The reason is simple: nuclear power is uneconomical. In an excellent ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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