Nuclear Waste Articles

  • Automated Tie Down Device - Military - Case Study

    Problem: The Office of Naval Research asked PCDworks to create a self-powered, remote-controlled tension system that would reduce damage to cargo, decrease load and unload times, and minimize crew involvement. . Process: PCDworks created a system of individual units which, when networked together, provide the ability to simultaneously secure and release loads. In this ...


    By Product Concept Development

  • Case study - Nuclear Waste Incineration (France)

    Nuclear waste incineration trials 1996 Glosfume successfully provided a pilot filter to carry out various trials on nuclear waste incineration. The filter was designed to operate under vacuum and passed all of the stringent requirements of French Nuclear Fuels. Similar filters have subsequently been used on several sites throughout France, contributing to reduced waste disposal costs and ...


    By Glosfume

  • Nuclear Waste: Greatest environmental challenge facing society

    Dr Tim Johnson discusses how we can tackle the nuclear waste epidemic. A world full of waste They say you can tell a lot about a society by what it throws away. Like me, I’m sure you can recall the excitement of archaeologists on numerous TV documentaries, sifting through the remains of a rubbish dump or ‘midden’ on the edge of some ...

  • Things to know about the federal government`s nuke dump

    Valentine's Day 2014 was coming to a close. There were fewer than a dozen workers holding down the night shift at the federal government's nuclear waste repository in southern New Mexico. An alarm sounded inside the central monitoring room less than an hour before midnight. Somewhere in the underground salt caverns, radioactivity triggered the ...


    By Associated Press

  • Nuclear waste storage and environmental intergenerational externalities

    This article analyses the long–term consequences of nuclear waste storage within a general equilibrium framework. The objective is to determine the conditions for which the storage of waste, and thus the transfer of externalities towards the future, can be optimal. These conditions could explain the implementation of intergenerational externalities, justifying an intertemporal Not in My Back Yard ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cyclic voltammetric studies for the electrochemical determination of palladium in high–level nuclear waste

    Cyclic voltammetric studies of Pd(II)/Pd(0) electrode process were carried out on a Glassy Carbon Electrode (GCE) in HCl for the development of an Anodic Stripping Voltammetric (ASV) method for the determination of palladium in High–Level Nuclear Waste (HLNW). Pd(II) reduces electrochemically to Pd(0) in a wide potential range, depending upon the concentration of HCl. No significant effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear waste management using alpha particle physical phenomena by nanoscale investigations

    Nuclear waste is investigated from the aspect of its nanoscale behaviour. Four materials are selected as the nuclear waste container. Using the irradiation-induced amorphisation, some characteristics are examined. The Displacement Per Atom (dpa) is affected by the ion dose using the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter 2008 (SRIM 2008) code system, which is a computer package of molecular dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • System of combined active and passive control of fissile materials and their nuclide composition in nuclear wastes

    New methods of non-destructive control must be developed and existing ones must be improved in order to solve the problem of control of fissile materials (FMs) in vessels with nuclear wastes, and to provide safe operation of nuclear power plants. This paper considers the application of active methods of control on the basis of DD or DT pulsed neutron generators. These methods are more ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The UK's nuclear renaissance and its legal foundations

    This paper addresses the proposed development of a new generation of new nuclear power stations in England and Wales. It explains the genesis of this nuclear renaissance and explores the legal changes which have been instituted to facilitate that programme. It explores some of the areas of likely legal controversy and conflict, for example in relation to how the wastes from new power stations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear education and training in response to industry and regulatory needs through the European Nuclear Education Network Association

    The temporary network established through the European Community's (EC) Fifth Framework Programme (FP) was given a more permanent character by the foundation of the European Nuclear Education Network (ENEN) Association, a nonprofit association established according to the French law of 1901, which pursues a pedagogic and scientific aim. Its objectives are the preservation and development of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A critique of the Department of Energy's environmental programme for the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA

    Legislative standards, regulatory provisions, and US Department of Energy (DOE) policies have defined the environmental programme to study the planned high-level nuclear waste repository site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The DOE has limited environmental data collection for purposes of monitoring and mitigating impacts of proposed characterisation activities and repository development. Most of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Borosilicate Glass: A brief history

    From the laboratory standpoint, there are three main tyeps of glass used today; borosilicate, quartz and soda lime or flint glass. What is borosilicate glass, how is it different from other glasses, and why is it used so widely in laboratory research?  The formation of glass and glass products goes back to the beginnings of recorded history. The invention of borosilicate glass is usually ...


    By Ace Glass, Inc.

  • Sitting on a nuclear bombshell

    The images resemble production stills from a cheap Hollywood thriller. Some 125,000 rusty yellow and brown barrels are dumped carelessly into taverns deep below the ground, covered with dirt or salt, and left there to wait out time. The barrels contain nuclear waste, and they are located inside Asse, a research repository for lowand mid-level nuclear waste in Lower Saxony, near Hannover. Here, ...

  • Public risk perception of nuclear waste

    Nuclear waste has emerged as a very salient issue in the nuclear power debate. In the present study, a broad range of risk perception and attitude dimensions concerned with nuclear waste was investigated. It was found that most respondents from the general public were not willing to accept a local high-level nuclear waste repository in their home region. Nuclear waste was seen, by the public, as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Oxidation characteristics of A588 steel and its applicability to high-heat-load nuclear waste package designs

    The ASTM A588 steel is proposed as the outer wall material for second-generation nuclear waste package designs (Armijo et al., 2006; Kar, 2006). Oxidation weight-gain kinetics was evaluated for the A588 steel by thermal-gravimetric method at a range of temperatures (475°C to 600°C). Isothermal oxidation tests were conducted in dry air. Oxidation at lower temperatures followed parabolic kinetics ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear technology and its challenges in India

    India has a strong technology base for its comprehensive nuclear energy programme. A glimpse of this capability is given in this paper, starting with uranium exploration and mining to fuel reprocessing and nuclear waste management. India has chosen a closed fuel cycle option, and the plutonium recovered from spent fuel will soon be manufactured into fuel elements for its 500 MWe Prototype Fast ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Burn-up credit methodology validation in Bulgaria

    A methodology for criticality safety analyses with burn-up credit application has been developed for the WWER spent fuel management facilities. This methodology is based on two worldwide-used code systems: SCALE 4.4 for depletion and criticality calculations and NESSEL-NUKO for depletion calculations. The methodology is in the process of extensive validation for WWER-440 and WWER-1000 spent fuel ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Costing plutonium: economics of reprocessing in India

    The relative merits of reprocessing and direct disposal of spent nuclear fuel have been widely debated in Europe and the USA. An important aspect of the debate has been the economics of reprocessing. So far there have been no studies of the subject in the Indian context. This study assesses the economics of reprocessing in India and the cost of producing plutonium for the fast breeder reactor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Belgian Nuclear Research Centre and the possibilities for cooperation with China

    This paper gives a short overview of the activities of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK?CEN) and the role it can play in the cooperative agreement that was established between the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) and SCK?CEN. Indeed, the current established cooperation on nuclear energy research between China and Belgium should make use of the nuclear research experiences and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Social, scientific and legal dimensions in Methuselah-span decision-making: the disposal of high level nuclear wastes

    Methuselah-span decision-making is an aspect of precautionary decision-making under uncertainty and the risk that requires studying the essential dimensionality of the decision over extremely long time horizons. We provide practical answers for assuring long-term regulatory compliance of engineered systems, using the example of Yucca Mountain Repository (YMR) for high-level nuclear waste. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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