Anaerobic Digestion Articles

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Innovation and efficiency at the forefront of long-standing partnership

    Wiltshire-based Malaby Biogas operates one of the few independent anaerobic digestion (AD) plants in the UK, specialising in the diversion of food waste from landfill. Its Bore Hill Farm Biodigester provides a combined waste disposal and energy generation solution in one safe, clean and highly-efficient process and the facility has gained a wide-ranging ...


    By Geotech

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Washington, DC: NOSB Considers Digestate Use Petition The National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has agreed to consider a petition from Cenergy USA, the makers of Magic Dirt™, to allow use of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants in organic agriculture. Magic Dirt is made from digested dairy manure fibers. The soil amendment products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Influence of chemically enhanced primary treatment on anaerobic digestion and dewaterability of waste sludge

    To lower energy consumption at a sewage treatment plant (STP), primary settling could be enhanced to direct more chemical oxygen demand (COD) to anaerobic digestion (AD) for increased biogas production and decreased aeration. Primary settling can be chemically enhanced by applying flocculation aids (FAs). FAs are refractory compounds that may affect all sludge treatment facilities. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implementation of the anaerobic digestion model (ADM1) in the PHREEQC chemistry engine

    Anaerobic digestion is state-of-the-art technology to treat sludge and effluents from various industries. Modelling and optimisation of digestion operations can be advantageously performed using the anaerobic digestion model (ADM1) from the International Water Association. The ADM1, however, lacks a proper physico-chemical framework, which makes it difficult to consider wastewater of complex ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental power of laboratory-scale results and transferability to full-scale anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion is today internationally acknowledged as an environmentally sound process for energy and nutrient recovery from organic wastes, and it is the dominant sludge treatment technology in most countries’ wastewater treatment plants. Laboratory- or pilot-scale experiments are commonly used as a first step to investigate the potential of new ideas or to confirm research hypothesis ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modified ADM1 for high-rate anaerobic co-digestion of thermally pre-treated brewery surplus yeast wastewater

    Co-digestion of surplus yeast with brewery wastewater is a potentially economical method for recovering energy, in the form of biogas, from this difficult to dispose of by-product. In this work a modified version of the ADM1 (Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1) was calibrated for an anaerobic digester fed with thermally pre-treated brewery yeast surplus wastewater. The model could predict changes ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Accelerated anaerobic release of K, Mg and P from surplus activated sludge for element recovery and struvite formation inhibition

    Accelerated release of potassium (K), magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) from surplus activated sludge (SAS) was investigated to develop a new system for the recovery of the elements. Anaerobic cultivation of SAS during 24 h released 78% of K and about 50% of Mg and P from SAS more effectively compared to aerobic cultivation (K: 40%, Mg: 15%, P: 15%). Furthermore, the addition of sodium acetate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Addressing food waste through anaerobic digestion

    Food waste continues to be a problem worldwide, even with more and more attention being paid to reducing spoilage and to salvaging edible foods for redistribution or reuse. One approach to the problem is diverting inedible organic matter from landfills and treating it with anaerobic digestion, which has the side effect of capturing energy. The amount of food wasted worldwide was 2.3 billion ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Electrochemically-assisted ammonia recovery from wastewater using a floating electrode

    This work presents and explores a novel methodology for the removal and recovery of ammonia from wastewater based upon two mechanisms: electrochemical oxidation and a previously unreported electrochemically-assisted surface transfer mechanism. Recovery of ammonia is enabled by placing a porous cathodic electrode at the wastewater-air interface. In this configuration, the cathode creates local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ferrrate(VI) and freeze-thaw treatment for oxidation of hormones and inactivation of fecal coliforms in sludge

    This study examined the individual and combined effects of potassium ferrate(VI) additions and freeze-thaw conditioning for the treatment and dewatering of wastewater sludge in cold climates, with particular focus on the inactivation of fecal coliforms and oxidation of estrogens, androgens, and progestogens. The first phase of the study evaluated the effects of potassium ferrate(VI) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the methane production potential and biodegradability of kitchen waste from different sources under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions

    The methane production potential of kitchen waste (KW) obtained from different sources was compared through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion. The methane yields (MYs) obtained with the same KW sample under different temperatures were similar, whereas the MYs obtained with different samples differed significantly. The highest MY obtained in S7 was 54%–60% higher than the lowest ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • Biosolids management evaluation study for water reclamation facility, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    The Sioux Falls Water Reclamation Facility (WRF) treats primary and secondary sludges in three primary anaerobic digesters and one secondary digester. Treated sludge is stored in lagoons until disposal by land application. Continuation of the land application process will require significant investment. The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate alternative biosolids handling and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start-up of a decentralized pilot plant for the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater

    This paper is about the set-up and start-up of a decentralized anaerobic pilot plant for producing domestic service water from domestic wastewater. The plant consists of a two-stage anaerobic digestion process for degrading organic matter and a third-stage for ammonium removal using the Anammox process. Each reactor was started independently with synthetic wastewater of stage-specific ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Los Angeles County WRRF Embraces Codigestion

    Technology to produce food waste slurry key to project implementation - and helps generators comply with California organics recycling mandates. The Sanitation Districts’ JWPCP in Carson (CA) treats an average of 280 million gallons/day of wastewater. One of the two anaerobic digestion tanks above has been used for codigestion, with the second serving as the control. Photos ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Sludge electrooxidation as pre-treatment for anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge is the preferred method for sludge treatment as it produces energy in the form of biogas as well as a stabilised product that may be land applied. Different pre-treatments have been proposed to solubilise organic matter and increase biogas production. Sludge electrooxidation with boron-doped diamond electrodes was used as pre-treatment for waste ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Residential SSO To High Solids Anaerobic Digestion

    Source separated organics, including kitchen and garden waste, are processed in a dry AD plant. Resulting biomethane is injected into an adjacent natural gas pipeline. Winterthur, a city in the canton of Zürich in northern Switzerland, has the country’s sixth largest population, estimated at more than 100,000. In 2011, the City of Winterthur launched a 2050 energy policy to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Anaerobic digestion of sludge differing in inorganic solids content: performance comparison and the effect of inorganic suspended solids content on degradation

    High inorganic suspended solids (ISS) content of sludge in many areas (especially with combined sewage systems) results in low VS/TS (volatile solids, VS; total solids, TS) levels and raises concerns about its effect on anaerobic digestion. The performances of sludge anaerobic digestion with different feeding VS/TS levels as well as the effect of ISS content on the anaerobic degradation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Editorial: Going For Gold

    Production of August BioCycle overlaps with the Summer Olympic games in Rio. Watching athletes from around the world put themselves out there in hopes of winning the gold is inspiring, sometimes breathtaking. The rigor of training, the intensity of competition, the dedication and discipline — are there parallels to our world of organics recycling? First there is the obvious. Retail compost ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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