Anaerobic Digestion Articles

  • Anaerobic Digestion Reduces Microplastics in Sludge

    Anaerobic digestion can help remove microplastics — a large cause of water pollution — during the sewage treatment process Microplastics, or tiny fragments of plastic, include microbeads, the plastic pellets present in thousands of household and personal care products, including toothpaste, cosmetics, and beauty scrubs. They also include fragments from the breakdown of anything in our ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Innovation and efficiency at the forefront of long-standing partnership

    Wiltshire-based Malaby Biogas operates one of the few independent anaerobic digestion (AD) plants in the UK, specialising in the diversion of food waste from landfill. Its Bore Hill Farm Biodigester provides a combined waste disposal and energy generation solution in one safe, clean and highly-efficient process and the facility has gained a wide-ranging ...

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Washington, DC: NOSB Considers Digestate Use Petition The National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has agreed to consider a petition from Cenergy USA, the makers of Magic Dirt™, to allow use of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants in organic agriculture. Magic Dirt is made from digested dairy manure fibers. The soil amendment products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Methods of ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion: a review

    The anaerobic digestion of substrates with high ammonia content has always been a bottleneck in the methanisation process of biomasses. Since microbial communities in anaerobic digesters are sensitive to free ammonia at certain conditions, the digestion of nitrogen-rich substrates such as livestock wastes may result in inhibition/toxicity eventually leading to process failures, unless ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An efficient method to improve the production of methane from anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge

    Methane production from waste activated sludge (WAS) anaerobic digestion is always low due to slow hydrolysis rate and inappropriate ratio of carbon to nitrogen (C/N). In this work, a novel approach, i.e., co-digestion of WAS and tobacco waste (TW) using ozone pretreatment, to greatly enhance the production of methane is reported. Experimental results showed the optimal C/N and ozone dosage ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implementation of the anaerobic digestion model (ADM1) in the PHREEQC chemistry engine

    Anaerobic digestion is state-of-the-art technology to treat sludge and effluents from various industries. Modelling and optimisation of digestion operations can be advantageously performed using the anaerobic digestion model (ADM1) from the International Water Association. The ADM1, however, lacks a proper physico-chemical framework, which makes it difficult to consider wastewater of complex ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental power of laboratory-scale results and transferability to full-scale anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion is today internationally acknowledged as an environmentally sound process for energy and nutrient recovery from organic wastes, and it is the dominant sludge treatment technology in most countries’ wastewater treatment plants. Laboratory- or pilot-scale experiments are commonly used as a first step to investigate the potential of new ideas or to confirm research hypothesis ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modified ADM1 for high-rate anaerobic co-digestion of thermally pre-treated brewery surplus yeast wastewater

    Co-digestion of surplus yeast with brewery wastewater is a potentially economical method for recovering energy, in the form of biogas, from this difficult to dispose of by-product. In this work a modified version of the ADM1 (Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1) was calibrated for an anaerobic digester fed with thermally pre-treated brewery yeast surplus wastewater. The model could predict changes ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Accelerated anaerobic release of K, Mg and P from surplus activated sludge for element recovery and struvite formation inhibition

    Accelerated release of potassium (K), magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) from surplus activated sludge (SAS) was investigated to develop a new system for the recovery of the elements. Anaerobic cultivation of SAS during 24 h released 78% of K and about 50% of Mg and P from SAS more effectively compared to aerobic cultivation (K: 40%, Mg: 15%, P: 15%). Furthermore, the addition of sodium acetate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Addressing food waste through anaerobic digestion

    Food waste continues to be a problem worldwide, even with more and more attention being paid to reducing spoilage and to salvaging edible foods for redistribution or reuse. One approach to the problem is diverting inedible organic matter from landfills and treating it with anaerobic digestion, which has the side effect of capturing energy. The amount of food wasted worldwide was 2.3 billion ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Electrochemically-assisted ammonia recovery from wastewater using a floating electrode

    This work presents and explores a novel methodology for the removal and recovery of ammonia from wastewater based upon two mechanisms: electrochemical oxidation and a previously unreported electrochemically-assisted surface transfer mechanism. Recovery of ammonia is enabled by placing a porous cathodic electrode at the wastewater-air interface. In this configuration, the cathode creates local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ferrrate(VI) and freeze-thaw treatment for oxidation of hormones and inactivation of fecal coliforms in sludge

    This study examined the individual and combined effects of potassium ferrate(VI) additions and freeze-thaw conditioning for the treatment and dewatering of wastewater sludge in cold climates, with particular focus on the inactivation of fecal coliforms and oxidation of estrogens, androgens, and progestogens. The first phase of the study evaluated the effects of potassium ferrate(VI) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the methane production potential and biodegradability of kitchen waste from different sources under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions

    The methane production potential of kitchen waste (KW) obtained from different sources was compared through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion. The methane yields (MYs) obtained with the same KW sample under different temperatures were similar, whereas the MYs obtained with different samples differed significantly. The highest MY obtained in S7 was 54%–60% higher than the lowest ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • Biosolids management evaluation study for water reclamation facility, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    The Sioux Falls Water Reclamation Facility (WRF) treats primary and secondary sludges in three primary anaerobic digesters and one secondary digester. Treated sludge is stored in lagoons until disposal by land application. Continuation of the land application process will require significant investment. The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate alternative biosolids handling and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start-up of a decentralized pilot plant for the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater

    This paper is about the set-up and start-up of a decentralized anaerobic pilot plant for producing domestic service water from domestic wastewater. The plant consists of a two-stage anaerobic digestion process for degrading organic matter and a third-stage for ammonium removal using the Anammox process. Each reactor was started independently with synthetic wastewater of stage-specific ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovery of ammonium from digestate as fertilizer

    Ammonia inhibition can be a major problem during anaerobic digestion of manure and municipal and industrial sludges. Anaerobic digestion is sensitive to higher NH3-N concentrations, which are inhibiting and at certain levels even toxic for methanogen bacteria. The Nijhuis Ammonium Recovery (AECO-NAR) system can solve this problem and removes ammonium from digestate or other substrate for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge electrooxidation as pre-treatment for anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge is the preferred method for sludge treatment as it produces energy in the form of biogas as well as a stabilised product that may be land applied. Different pre-treatments have been proposed to solubilise organic matter and increase biogas production. Sludge electrooxidation with boron-doped diamond electrodes was used as pre-treatment for waste ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Residential SSO To High Solids Anaerobic Digestion

    Source separated organics, including kitchen and garden waste, are processed in a dry AD plant. Resulting biomethane is injected into an adjacent natural gas pipeline. Winterthur, a city in the canton of Zürich in northern Switzerland, has the country’s sixth largest population, estimated at more than 100,000. In 2011, the City of Winterthur launched a 2050 energy policy to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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