Measuring water quantity and quality in surface water (open channels, rivers, reservoirs, lakes, and estuaries) is one of the foundations of hydrological monitoring and has been a focus of OTT Hydromet since its first water current meters were designed in 1875.
Oxidation Reduction Potential or Redox is the activity or strength of oxidizers and reducers in relation to their concentration. Oxidizers accept electrons, reducers lose electrons. Examples of oxidizers are: chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, bromine, ozone, and chlorine dioxide. Examples of reducers are sodium sulfite, sodium bisulfate and hydrogen sulfide. Like acidity and alkalinity, the increase of one is at the expense of the other.
Anyone and everyone who is responsible for operating and maintaining a swimming pool or spa has to test, monitor, and control complex, interdependent chemical factors that affect the quality of water bathers are immersed in. Additionally, aquatic facilities operators must be familiar with all laws, regulations, and guidelines governing what these parameters should be.
From cutting-edge MABR wastewater treatment to containerized desalination, Fluence delivers cost-effective and sustainable solutions for commercial customers worldwide. Fluence has more than 30 years of experience in the design, construction, and operation of water and wastewater treatment plants for commercial clients, including resorts, golf courses, commercial buildings, and campuses.
Fluence has decades of experience providing sustainable treatment solutions for power industry process water and effluent. Industrialization and population growth are spurring the demand for power around the world, putting pressure on fuel and water resources. At the same time, power producers face strict pollution and air-quality controls.
Boilers and cooling towers share two major water related problems: deposits and corrosion. As steam is generated by a boiler or water evaporating from a cooling tower, dissolved minerals are left behind, increasing the concentration of these minerals. Additional minerals are introduced via the water added to makeup the water lost to steam/evaporation. Eventually, the minerals reach a level (or cycle) of concentration that will cause either loss of efficiency due to scale or damage from corrosion. This level can...
Contamination of circuit boards can bring about severe degradation of insulation resistance and dielectric strength. Cleanliness of completed circuit boards is, therefore, of vital interest. For those companies who have established circuit board cleaning procedures, the MIL Spec P-28809 has been used as a guideline for control. Now a simple `on line` test for the relative measurement of ionic contamination has been developed. This fast and economical method for testing circuit board cleanliness uses a Myron L...
Years ago, high purity water was used only in limited applications. Today, deionized (Dl) water has become an essential ingredient in hundreds of applications including: medical, laboratory, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, electronics manufacturing, food processing, plating, countless industrial processes, and even the final rinse at the local car wash.
Many industrial and pharmaceutical processes generate wastewater with volatile contaminants that increase the COD and BOD to a point where discharging to municipal wastewater is very costly or not an option. These contaminants can be removed from the water by distillation, substantially lowering the disposal cost, and, in many cases, the removed components can be further purified and reused in the process.
MEGTEC offers the following solutions to remove the volatile contaminants and make wastewater suitable for...
Fluence has decades of experience delivering sustainable water and wastewater solutions to communities large and small. Fluence has more than 30 years of experience in the design, construction, and operation of water and wastewater treatment plants for municipal clients, government entities, communities, emergency relief, and private use.
Anguil`s Food and Bakery industry experience provides reliable solutions for your emission control challenges. We have worked on a wide range of applications: achieving a high destruction level of ethanol from bakery ovens, chaff and particulate from coffee roasting, efficiently destroying grease from frying and rendering operations, handling smoke house emissions, and maintaining required opacity and odor levels from confectionery and gum manufacturing.
Osmosis is the phenomenon of lower dissolved solids in water passing through a semi-permeable membrane into higher dissolved solids water until a near equilibrium is reached. Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a membrane process of purification which removes most of the the total dissolved solids (TDS) in water by reversing the natural process of osmosis. Pressure is applied to a TDS-concentrated solution against a semi-permeable membrane, causing pure water to diffuse through the membrane. RO has become an important...
Caramel colorings are used as additives in a broad range of food and beverage products to impart a desired color, but have no nutritional or preservative function. Recently, the potential hazard to humans of
ammonia- and ammonia-sulfite-process caramel colorings was raised, because they contain the by-product 4-methylimidazole, which is a potential carcinogen.1 The methylimidazole compounds are difficult to analyze due to their polar nature and low molecular weight. Traditional reversed phase techniques are...
Sustainable Technologies for Treating Produced Water for Reuse or Deep Well Injection. Oil and gas exploration and production are highly complex and capital-intensive processes. Producers face many challenges, including the constraints of climate, environment, and geography. As companies extract oil and gas in areas that at one time were considered unpromising, water plays an ever more essential role.
Fluence has more than 30 years of experience in the design, construction, and operation of water and wastewater treatment plants for municipal clients, government entities, communities, emergency relief, and private use.
Fluence delivers decentralized, co