Backwash Filters Articles

  • Cause of rapid monochloramine decay observed in treated water

    Rapid monochloramine decay has been observed in the product water of three River Murray water treatment plants (WTPs). Previous investigations identified that rapid monochloramine decay was microbiological in nature and observed in samples taken after media filtration but was absent in filtered water samples from a fourth WTP of similar design. The filters at the WTP not exhibiting rapid decay ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of backwash in start-up of full-scale drinking water biofilters

    The purpose of backwashing during the start-up period of rapid biofilters at drinking water treatment plants differs significantly from the purpose of backwashing during normal operation. During start-up, finished water quality is secondary, detachment of microorganisms must be minimized, dust present in the original filter media must be removed and inherent inoculation of the biofilter with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimum backwashing conditions and ammonium-nitrogen treatment efficiency of iron oxide modified sands coated in biofilm

    In this study, iron oxide modified sands with nano-pores (IOMSNP) were enveloped in biofilm (B-IOMSNP) in order to treat the ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N) in micro-polluted raw water. The biomass, optimum backwashing conditions, treatment efficiency, and surface morphological properties of the B-IOMSNP were investigated via bio-filtration experiments. The raw quartz sands (RQS) and IOMSNP ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Confirmation of the correlation between membrane fouling in microfiltration and biopolymer concentrations in various Japanese surface waters

    A variety of surface waters used for drinking water sources were collected from different parts of Japan to investigate a correlation between the concentration of hydrophilic biopolymer (e.g. proteins and polysaccharides) in the feed water and membrane fouling in microfiltration. Hollow-fiber membranes made from polyvinylidene fluoride with a nominal pore size of 0.1 μm were used in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filter backwash water treatment options

    Filtration acts as the final step in the removal of suspended matter and protozoa. The accumulated residue is removed during the backwash process and any subsequent recycling of filter backwash water could potentially re-introduce these contaminants into the main treatment process. By separating the filter backwash water from the main treatment process, factors that could interfere with the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative Multi-Media Filter – Continuous Backwash Filter

    The disadvantages of conventional MMF based pretreatment Conventional pretreatment is based on multimedia filters (MMF) implemented in large scale desalination plants. Although this filtration method is well proven and provides reliable filtration efficiency, it conceals an inherent drawback, the disadvantages of which relate mainly to the backwashing mechanism. The ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Influence of air flow rate and backwashing on the hydraulic behaviour of a submerged filter

    The aim of this study was to evaluate backwashing effects on the apparent porosity of the filter media and on the hydraulic behaviour of a pilot scale submerged filter, prior to biofilm colonization, under different hydraulic retention times, and different air flow rates. Tracer curves were analysed with two mathematical models for ideal and non-ideal flow (axial dispersion and Wolf and Resnick ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quilicura, Chile Well #3 - Case Study

    Quilicura is a municipality located in the Santiago Metropolitan Region in Chile. Well #3 has a flow of 1600 gallons per minute (100 liters per second). The well has a high concentration of arsenic that fluctuates between 0.040 mg/L and 0.060 mg/L, well above the World Health Organization's standard of 0.010 mg/L. In addition to the high arsenic concentration, the site has challenges with pH that ...

  • Project profile - East Liberty, Ohio – Midwest express AD26 arsenic / iron treatment system

    Background AdEdge Technologies Inc. (AdEdge) was selected in 2006 by Midwest Express Group to design and fabricate a fullscale AD26 arsenic and iron treatment system for their manufacturing facility in East Liberty, Logan County, Ohio to meet the new EPA arsenic standard. This facility system serves approximately 150 employees with an average daily flow of 4,000 gallons per day. The ...

  • Grey water recycling for Internationally Renowned Merchant Bank

    New Nomura building water recycling system passes the test of time. One Angel Lane, the iconic new European headquarters of Nomura in the City of London, has a comprehensive grey water and rainwater water combined system providing 100% of water for toilet flushing on the first five floors of this eleven floor building. Installed by Aquaco in June 2008, the system is working to the ...

  • Nitrogen-removal efficiency in an upflow partially packed biological aerated filter (BAF) without backwashing process

    An upflow, partially packed biological aerated filter (BAF) reactor was used to remove nitrogen in the form of ammonia ions by a nitrification process that involves physical, chemical and biological phenomena governed by a variety of parameters such as dissolved oxygen concentration, pH and alkalinity. Dissolved oxygen (DO) and pH were shown to have effects on the nitrification process in this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Knowledge-based system for automatic MBR control

    MBR technology is currently challenging traditional wastewater treatment systems and is increasingly selected for WWTP upgrading. MBR systems typically are constructed on a smaller footprint, and provide superior treated water quality. However, the main drawback of MBR technology is that the permeability of membranes declines during filtration due to membrane fouling, which for a large part ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of heavy metals in an abandoned mine drainage via ozone oxidation: a pilot-scale operation

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the ozone oxidation of dissolved heavy metals in an abandoned mine drainage (AMD) by conducting a pilot-scale operation at two different ozone doses of 7.5 and 24.0 g O3/h into an ozone reactor. A portion of the abandoned mine drainage near the Jungam Mine in Samchuck, Korea was pumped into this pilot-scale plant and used as an influent for the ozone ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of heavy metals in an abandoned mine drainage via ozone oxidation: a pilot-scale operation

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the ozone oxidation of dissolved heavy metals in an abandoned mine drainage (AMD) by conducting a pilot-scale operation at two different ozone doses of 7.5 and 24.0 g O3/h into an ozone reactor. A portion of the abandoned mine drainage near the Jungam Mine in Samchuck, Korea was pumped into this pilot-scale plant and used as an influent for the ozone ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filter backwashing

    Backwashng a drinking water system filter means reversing and increasing the water's flow to flush out accumulated debris and particles. Backwashing is not only vital to the life of a filter, it is fundamental to the quality of water coming out of the filter. Sooner or later, all filters need to be backwashed or ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Filter backwashing: When and how

    Backwashing filters is a necessary and important part of the filtration process. Many operating problems associated with the filtration process can be traced to delayed or inadequate backwashing. Producing a high-quality and low turbidity filtered water depends on having clean media free of cracks and mudballs. The Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule, promulgated on Dec.16, 1998, lowers ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Optimizing filter backwashing

    Optimum filter performance has become a critical component of surface water treatment. For conventional and direct filtration systems, LT1ESWTR requires the combined filter effluent turbidity be less than or equal to 0.3 NTU’s for 95% of the readings taken each month. At no time may the readings exceed 1 NTU. As regulations change and filtration is pushed toward the lower limits of turbidity ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Treatment of municipal sewage by Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) using burned clay pellet as media

    The high-strength municipal sewage was treated by the two-stage Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) pilot system with microorganism carrier of burned clay pellet. The effects of hydraulic loading rate, aeration ratio, overloading, backwashing and the height of media on the performance of BAF were investigated. In higher hydraulic loading and lower ratio of aeration, the two-stage BAF may decrease ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gravity self-backwashing filters

    The filtration of make-up and side-stream water in closed cooling circuits, operated through cooling towers, is a fundamental step to ensure safe and continuous operations in a power plant. Water - required in large amounts for this application - should not be wasted, and the potential damages deriving from a poor treatment must be avoided at all cost. BONO ARTES has developed a technical ...


    By Artes Ingegneria SpA

  • A study of feasibility for water purification using vertical porous concrete filter

    Abstract: There is a need to find cheaper and simpler techniques for rural water filtration system in developing countries. Using a filter made of blocks for the water treatment enables one to make vertical filters. It is expected that the amount of land utilized would decrease by more than 70 % if vertical filters were used. The operation and washing would be simpler than using horizontal sand ...

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