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biological wastewater treatment system Applications

  • Biological wastewater processes for mining

    The mining industry has the potential to use large amounts of wastewater in its operations. Often times these waste streams contain contaminants that require treatment before the water can be re-used or discharged. Biowater has successfully installed highly efficient biofilm treatment processes including our complete mix fixed film (CMFF®) system to remove BOD/COD, and nitrogen from mining waste streams. Biowater’s technologies, such as our CFIC® process, can produce effluent water quality that is acceptable for re-use, reducing the stress on ecosystems in water stressed areas.

    By Biowater Technology AS based in Tonsberg, NORWAY.

  • Sulfide Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

    Sulfide Odor Control Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing sulfur (e.g., coal, gas and oil) being refined into industrial products. For a variety of reasons - aesthetics (odor control), health (toxicity), ecological (oxygen depletion in receiving waters), and economic (corrosion of equipment and infrastructure) - sulfide laden wastewaters must be handled carefully and remediated before they can be released to the environment. Typical discharge limits for sulfide are < 1 mg/L. Sulfide Treatment Alternatives There are dozens of alternatives for treating sulfide laden waters, ranging from simple air stripping (for the low levels present in groundwaters) to elaborate sulfur recovery plants (used to treat several tons per day at refineries and coal burning power plants). There are processes based on biology (using compost filters, scrubbing media, or inhibition/disinfection), chemistry (oxidation, precipitation, absorption, and combination), and physics (adsorption, volatilization, and incineration). Each process occupies a niche which is often defined by the scale and continuity of treatment, whether the sulfide is in solution or is a gas, the concentration of sulfide involved, and the disposition of the sulfide containing medium. However, for reasons relating to convenience and flexibility, chemical oxidation (using hydrogen peroxide) continues to grow in its scope of application. Treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide While other peroxygens such as permonosulfuric (Caro’s) acid, peracetic acid, and persulfates will oxidize sulfide, their use for this application is overkill. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considerably simpler and more cost-effective. H2O2 may control sulfides in two ways, depending on the application: Prevention - by providing dissolved oxygen which inhibits the septic conditions which lead to biological sulfide formation; and Destruction - by oxidizing sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate ion.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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    Compressed air, gas and vacuum solutions for water and waste water treatment

    There are many options to apply methods to avoid damaging the environment. In the case of wastewater e.g. the ventilation of the sediment tank or the pressure ventilation of biological wastewater treatment systems. The oxygen introduction is important, for deep wastewater tanks, wastewater treatment systems with standard aeration tanks or natural clarification ponds alike. If the wastewater has already entered the natural cycle, ventilating lakes and rivers prevents additional contamination. When treating drinking water, rinsing the filters with compressed air ensures that perfect water is provided and natural water reserves are not used excessively.

    By Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH based in Aerzen, GERMANY.

  • BOD and COD Removal

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been used to reduce the BOD and COD of industrial wastewaters for many years. While the cost of removing BOD / COD through chemical oxidation with hydrogen peroxide is typically greater than that through physical or biological means, there are nonetheless specific situations which justify the use of hydrogen peroxide. These include: Predigestion of wastewaters which contain moderate to high levels of compounds that are toxic, inhibitory, or recalcitrant to biological treatment (e.g., pesticides, plasticizers, resins, coolants, and dyestuffs); Pretreatment of high strength / low flow wastewaters – where biotreatment may not be practical – prior to discharge to a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW);Enhanced separation of entrained organics by flotation and settling processes; and Supply of supplemental Dissolved Oxygen (DO) when biological treatment systems experience temporary overloads or equipment failure.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Process Design

    Custom water and wastewater engineering, consulting and process design services to prevent air, land, water and environmental pollution. We rework systems as processes change and troubleshoot where necessary to bring systems into compliance. • High purity and process water • Biological nutrient removal • Solids treatment • Toxicity reduction • Industrial treatment • Advanced oxidation and alternative disinfection • Effluent reclamation and reuse • Land application systems • Natural treatment systems • Hydrogen sulfide and odor control • Decentralized treatment systems • Process optimization / operations assistance • Conceptual and strategic water planning

    By Yates Environmental Services based in Spokane, WASHINGTON (USA).

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