wastewater bioremediation Articles

  • System for bioremediation of effluents

    Executive Summary The remediation process of commercial, municipal, industrial and agricultural wastewaters has employed combinations of sulfuric acid, caustic, petroleum based solvents and synthetic emulsifiers, which are either toxic or generally non-biodegradable. An alternate method using naturally occurring microorganisms has been utilized for many years to facilitate the remediation ...


    By NCH Corporation

  • Membrane-integrated hybrid bioremediation of industrial wastewater: a continuous treatment and recycling approach

    A new membrane-integrated hybrid treatment system was investigated to turn highly hazardous coke wastewater reusable. This could protect both air and surface water bodies from toxic contaminants such as ammonia, phenol, cyanide, thiocyanate and other carcinogenic aromatic compounds which are normally released into the environment during discharge of coke wastewater and during quenching of coke ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An Introduction to Bioremediation and its Applications

    A variety of toxic chemicals, metals, and effluents are created and used in industrial processes. These elements need to be degraded to ensure that they do not harm the environment when disposed. A specialized process and equipment are required to perform this task. This is where bioremediation comes in. What is Bioremediation, and what are its Types? In simple ...


    By HPI Processes, Inc.

  • Biological Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium: A Potential Strategy for the Bioremediation of Cr(VI)-Pollutied Wastewater

    ABSTRACTThe potential for biological treatment of Cr (VI)- polluted wastewaters has attracted increased interest, because this alternative is more efficient and less expensive than conventional physicochemical treatments. In this work, a microbial enrichment capable of tolerating and reducing high Cr(VI) was isolated. The kinetic parameters of the Cr(VI) reduction process indicate that the ...

  • An experimental study on bioremediation and photolysis of enrofloxacin

    Recent studies have identified the occurrence of a vast number of pharmaceuticals into the municipal wastewater through excreted urine and feces. Some of these pharmaceutical compounds are degraded in the environment. However, there have been reports on the presence of pharmaceutical active compounds in drinking water. Concerns have been raised over the potential adverse effects of these ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Operating conditions for the continuous bioremediation of free cyanide contaminated wastewater using Aspergillus awamori

    Generation of cyanide-containing wastewater is a growing problem worldwide as numerous cyanide complexes are highly unstable and degrade to form free cyanide (F-CN), the most toxic form of cyanide. Agro-waste materials, such as sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) waste from the citrus industry, are rich in readily metabolisable carbohydrates that can supplement microbial activity and thus support ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediation of synthetic fatliquors under microaerobic condition

    Synthetic fatliquors are useful as a fatliquoring agent, flotation agent and emulsifying agent in a wide range of industrial applications such as leather, pharmacy and farm chemicals. These fatliquors remain recalcitrant to natural biota in existing treatment plants. In the present study, the isolated microaerophilic Serratia sp. HA1 strain CSMB3 is capable of utilizing structurally different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biotechnology of hydrocarbon bioremediation in soil washing slurry

    Application of Bioremediation for low cost contaminated soil washing slurry treatment with quick hydrocarbon reduction and improved sustainability. The application uses proprietary microbial formulation with a slurry bioreactor in order to accelerate the degradation process and to make it compatible with soil washing technology. The end result is a treated soil which meets the requirements for ...


    By Biofuture Ltd

  • Sono-biodegradation: a promising alternative to existing bioremediation methodologies

    Pollution of fresh water has become a serious concern today for developing countries. There are umpteen treatment methodologies and protocols, but still there exists a demand for new technologies for wastewater treatment. Extensive research on pollutants and increased toxicological studies have paved the way for new technologies, such as ultrasound treatment of pollutants and wastewater ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enhanced Bio-Remediation of Wastewater

    Bioremediation has been used to treat hydrocarbon contamination in municipal wastewater for centuries. Most microbes used in bioremediation today are naturally occurringyetspecifically chosen and cultured versus being genetically modified. Bioremediation rivals techniques such as pump and treat extraction systems, as it provide cost savings for municipalities, as well as environmental savings by ...


    By DELTA REMEDIATION INC

  • On Site Bioremediation Of Oily Ballast Waters Of Ships and Tankers

    A poster presentation was made at the International Ballast Water symposium held in London, UK Paper discusses application of bioremediation products for ship board remediation of oily ballast water on ships and tankers and presents some case studies on bioremediation of industrial oily waste. Abstract Discharge of oily wasie ballast waier is a perpetual problem for most types of ...


    By Sarva Bio Remed, LLC

  • Dual bioremediation of phenol and Cr(VI) by mixed microbial cultures in the presence of molasses

    Simultaneous phenol and Cr(VI) bioremoval by two different mixed cultures, from petroleum-contaminated soil (PS) and boron-contaminated wastewater (BW), was investigated in regard to different culture media, pH levels (6–8), initial phenol (25–100 mg/L) and Cr(VI) (15–50 mg/L) concentrations. The optimum medium was found to be mineral salt medium tested, which contained 1% (v/v) molasses ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediation of heavy metal contaminated aqueous solution by using red algae Porphyra leucosticta

    Bioremediation is an effective process for the removal and recovery of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. In this study, red algae Porphyra leucosticta was examined to remove Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from wastewater through biological enrichment and biological precipitation. The experimental parameters that affect the bioremediation process such as pH, contact time and biomass dosage were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A wastewater plant bio-augmentation success

    Rosethorne WWTP is located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, just west of New Orleans. The plant was constructed in the mid-1990s with a design capacity of 400,000 GPD. Today, the average daily flow through the plant is approximately 250,000 GPD. During Hurricane Katrina, in 2005, the plant suffered considerable damage to its mechanical infrastructure, and even after repairs, its effluent was ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Enzymatic oxidation of phenolic compounds in coffee processing wastewater

    Peroxidases can be used in the treatment of wastewater containing phenolic compounds. The effluent from the wet processing of coffee fruits contains high content of these pollutants and although some studies propose treatments for this wastewater, none targets specifically the removal of these recalcitrant compounds. This study evaluates the potential use of different peroxidase sources in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of aquatic plants in removing heavy metals from wastewater

    Phytotechnologies involving use of plants for pollutant removal gained importance during the last two decades. Terrestrial and aquatic plants possess high metal sorption capacity, and hence find their use as inexpensive materials for removing metals from environment. Aquatic biomass irrespective living or dead, exhibits capacity to remove heavy metals from wastewater. The sequestration of heavy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of cadmium and zinc from contaminated wastewater using Rhodobacter sphaeroides

    Rhodobacter sphaeroides was used for bioremediation of wastewater polluted with cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn). The tolerance of the microorganism to selected heavy metals (HMs), as well as the effects of pH, temperature and inoculum size on the removal rate, was investigated. The remediation effects of R. sphaeroides were analysed at different initial concentrations of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel three-stage bioreactor for the effective detoxification of sodium dodecyl sulphate from wastewater

    Anionic surfactants like sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), due to its extensive disposal to water bodies cause detrimental effects to the ecosystem. Among the various attempts to reduce the after effects of these toxicants, microbial induced bioremediation serves as a promising strategy. The current study aimed to develop a three stage bioreactor to remediate anionic surfactants in wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation of phenol in refinery wastewater by pure cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIB 950 and Pseudomonas fluorescence NCIB 3756

    The potential of microorganisms to catabolise and metabolise xenobiotic compounds has been recognised as a potentially effective means of toxic and hazardous wastes disposal. Phenol and its derivatives have long been recognised as some of the most persistent chemicals in petroleum refinery wastewaters, with high toxicity even at low concentrations. Biodegradation of these compounds has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ultrasonic irradiation of activated industrial sludge

    Sludge is a by-product of wastewater treatment and contains multitude of pollutants. In the present study, irradiation with ultrasound as treatment technique was carried out to treat complex effluent paper sludge, sugar sludge and sewage sludge samples from different industrial places. Wastewater samples were treated in ultrasonic bath at 25 kHz for different time periods of 5 min, 10 min, 20 min ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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