wastewater bioremediation Articles

  • System for bioremediation of effluents

    Executive Summary The remediation process of commercial, municipal, industrial and agricultural wastewaters has employed combinations of sulfuric acid, caustic, petroleum based solvents and synthetic emulsifiers, which are either toxic or generally non-biodegradable. An alternate method using naturally occurring microorganisms has been utilized for many years to facilitate the remediation ...


    By NCH Corporation

  • An Introduction to Bioremediation and its Applications

    A variety of toxic chemicals, metals, and effluents are created and used in industrial processes. These elements need to be degraded to ensure that they do not harm the environment when disposed. A specialized process and equipment are required to perform this task. This is where bioremediation comes in. What is Bioremediation, and what are its Types? In simple ...


    By HPI Processes, Inc.

  • Bioremediation of Effluent the Pulp and Paper Industry

    The treatment of industrial effluent from the paper manufacturing facilities in British Columbia is a major concern because the effluent is discharged into prime salmon habitat in the marine environment (Cross, 1994). High levels of biological oxygen demand (BOD) in the effluent reduce the dissolved oxygen (DO) available to species in the marine environment. In 1988, the Federal Department of ...


  • An experimental study on bioremediation and photolysis of enrofloxacin

    Recent studies have identified the occurrence of a vast number of pharmaceuticals into the municipal wastewater through excreted urine and feces. Some of these pharmaceutical compounds are degraded in the environment. However, there have been reports on the presence of pharmaceutical active compounds in drinking water. Concerns have been raised over the potential adverse effects of these ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biotechnology of hydrocarbon bioremediation in soil washing slurry

    Application of Bioremediation for low cost contaminated soil washing slurry treatment with quick hydrocarbon reduction and improved sustainability. The application uses proprietary microbial formulation with a slurry bioreactor in order to accelerate the degradation process and to make it compatible with soil washing technology. The end result is a treated soil which meets the requirements for ...


    By Biofuture Ltd

  • Enhanced Bio-Remediation of Wastewater

    Bioremediation has been used to treat hydrocarbon contamination in municipal wastewater for centuries. Most microbes used in bioremediation today are naturally occurringyetspecifically chosen and cultured versus being genetically modified. Bioremediation rivals techniques such as pump and treat extraction systems, as it provide cost savings for municipalities, as well as environmental savings by ...


    By DELTA REMEDIATION INC

  • Bioremediation of heavy metal contaminated aqueous solution by using red algae Porphyra leucosticta

    Bioremediation is an effective process for the removal and recovery of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. In this study, red algae Porphyra leucosticta was examined to remove Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from wastewater through biological enrichment and biological precipitation. The experimental parameters that affect the bioremediation process such as pH, contact time and biomass dosage were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of aquatic plants in removing heavy metals from wastewater

    Phytotechnologies involving use of plants for pollutant removal gained importance during the last two decades. Terrestrial and aquatic plants possess high metal sorption capacity, and hence find their use as inexpensive materials for removing metals from environment. Aquatic biomass irrespective living or dead, exhibits capacity to remove heavy metals from wastewater. The sequestration of heavy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodegradation of phenol in refinery wastewater by pure cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIB 950 and Pseudomonas fluorescence NCIB 3756

    The potential of microorganisms to catabolise and metabolise xenobiotic compounds has been recognised as a potentially effective means of toxic and hazardous wastes disposal. Phenol and its derivatives have long been recognised as some of the most persistent chemicals in petroleum refinery wastewaters, with high toxicity even at low concentrations. Biodegradation of these compounds has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel three-stage bioreactor for the effective detoxification of sodium dodecyl sulphate from wastewater

    Anionic surfactants like sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), due to its extensive disposal to water bodies cause detrimental effects to the ecosystem. Among the various attempts to reduce the after effects of these toxicants, microbial induced bioremediation serves as a promising strategy. The current study aimed to develop a three stage bioreactor to remediate anionic surfactants in wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of microbial systems for biotreatment of cassava mill waste water in Nigeria: biodegradation of cyanide

    The capability of six isolated bacterial strains to utilise cyanide in cassava mill wastewater as a nitrogen source in a batch bioreactor was examined and evaluated. The results revealed that all the isolates were capable of degrading cyanide with percent degradation between 60 and 94% in 96 h. There was high positive correlation between cyanide biodegradation and microbial growth (0.90 ≤ R² ≤ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of pollutants from pulp and paper mill effluent by anaerobic and aerobic treatment in pilot-scale bioreactor

    Pilot-scale anaerobic and aerobic treatment in a two-step bioreactor was performed for the removal of pollutants from pulp and paper mill effluent. After seven days of anaerobic treatment, colour (45%), lignin (60%), COD (26%) and adsorbable organic halogen (AOX) (20%) were reduced. The anaerobically treated effluent was then treated in a bioreactor in the presence of a fungal strain (Aspergillus ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Filtration effects of zebra mussels on pathogens and total bacterial burden in the Odra Lagoon (South Baltic)

    As a result of their mode of filter feeding, zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha Pall.) have been observed to purify natural water bodies and in vitro. Therefore, the possibility of using zebra mussels for water purification was investigated in a slightly brackish water body of a large lagoon. In this study, water samples were taken above, near and at distance from zebra ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic hybrid reactor: a promising technology for treatment of distillery spent wash

    A laboratory-scale study was conducted to investigate the performance of anaerobic hybrid (combining sludge blanket and filter) and UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) reactors for the treatment of distillery spent wash. The start-up and granulation study demonstrated that early start-up and granulation were achieved in case of hybrid reactor (45 days) as compared with UASB reactor (60 days). ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of trace organic contaminants by nitrifying activated sludge and whole-cell and crude enzyme extract of Trametes versicolor

    The resistance of certain anthropogenic trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) to conventional wastewater treatment and their potential adverse effects on human and ecological health raise significant concerns and have prompted research on their bioremediation by white-rot fungi. This study compared the removal efficiencies of four widespread TrOCs: carbamazepine (CBZ), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heavy metal resistant anaerobic bacterial strains from brewery digester sludge

    This work focused on the study of the types of heavy–metal–resistant anaerobic bacteria from the sludge of a brewery wastewater treatment plant exposed to high concentrations of dissolved Cd (II), Cu (II) and Zn (II). Characterisations were carried out by polymerase chain reaction of the 16S rRNA gene of bacterial strain. Using special culture media, two types of strong heavy metal–resistant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A chemo-biological treatment of scrubbing water from power plants with recovery of value-added products

    A chemo-biological approach for treating sulphate-rich effluent generated during wet scrubbing of flue gas emissions from fossil fuel fired power plants has been discussed. Microbial sulphate reduction was carried out in an anaerobic up-flow packed bed bioreactor (R1) using ethanol as carbon source. More than 90% of Total Equivalent Sulphate (TES) present in the effluent was reduced to sulphide ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Meliadine Mine - Case Study

    This is a case study for a mine remote located in the Nothern region Nunavut of Canada. Meliadine is a gold mine where the camp wastewater is treated by a MBR technology. Probiosphere Bioremediation product Archaea supported the commissioning and startup of this project. This case study relates how Probiosphere Bacterial products can be trusted even after having gone under harsh environmental ...


    By Probiosphere Inc.

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Performance of membrane bioreactor to different hydraulic shock loadings

    A Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) treating simulated sewage was operated and stabilised for a period of 60 days at an organic loading rate of 3.6 g/COD/day and Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) of 8 h, during which the MBR showed 95% removal of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), 98% removal of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and TSS, 91% removal of Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) and 30% removal of phosphate. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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