chlorine gas generator Articles

  • On-Site Chlorine Generation Feasibility Study

     ABSTRACT Gaseous chlorine has been effectively used for disinfection in drinking water and wastewater treatment for decades. While various regulatory programs have placed numerous restrictions on the uses of this chemical due to its hazardous nature, recent focus on the possibility of a terrorist attack at a drinking water or wastewater facility, has underscored the potential hazard ...

  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • Controoling chlorine costs

    The most widespread disinfectant used in the treatment of drinking water is chlorine, which can be applied in a variety of ways. History has taught us that, in bacteriological terms, chlorinating water is a proven way of disinfecting drinking water. After all, more than 75 years have passed since chlorine was used to disinfect drinking water for the first time. Many years of experience have shown ...


  • Chlorinated hydrocarbons - Case Study

    Example: Pharmaceutical industry Similar tasks: Chemical industry The Pharmaceutical industry uses different processes to create chlorinated hydrocarbons. In a regenerative thermal oxidiser (RTO) the chlorinated organic contaminants are destroyed at high temperature. Chlorinated hydrocarbons - among others - are converted into hydrogen chloride which produces a ...

  • International Chlorine Header Project

    Project: CHLORINE HEADERS AND TRANSFER DUCT REPLACEMENT Client: Major chlor-alkali plant in the Middle East General Scope: All four chlorine gas collection headers, each one 24” through 42” diameter, and all 54” diameter chlorine gas transfer duct from headers to chlorine coolers was installed in ...


    By Fibrex Corporation

  • Controlling the addition of Chlorine into a Process

    There are several methods for controlling the addition of chlorine into a process. These methods include flow proportional injection, ORP (oxidation reduction potential) or a residual chlorine analyzer. Each method measures a different process characteristic. Depending on the specific type of process being controlled, there generally is a best choice for controlling the injection of either ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...


    By ClearWater Tech LLC

  • From Gas to Liquid: Large-Scale Chlorination System Conversion

    Abstract A number of wastewater treatment facilities using gas disinfection have decided to convert to liquid disinfection for several reasons including safety, regulatory, security, and economic factors. An optimal technology plan should be developed to facilitate the conversion. This presentation provides a case study of a large chlorine disinfection system, and demonstrates key issues of ...

  • Landfill remediation with refrigerants and chlorinated solvents

    PROJECT DESCRIPTION Between 1979 and 1980, industrial and hazardous wastes were disposed of at the Site in a series of unlined pits, each of which was used for a particular type of waste disposal. It is reported based on evaluations of manifests that approximately 3.4 million gallons of hazardous liquid wastes and between 3,700 and 4,100 tons of solid wastes were disposed of in the pits ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Key Operating Strategies for Chlorine Disinfection Operating Systems

    ABSTRACTChlorine has been used as a standard for disinfecting wastewater for many years. While being the standard There are many levels of automation for control of disinfection. To select the best control approach for your facility both control strategies and chlorination chemistry must be understood. Permit conditions must also be fully identified; organism concentrations and operational data. ...

  • International Chlorine Header Project - Case Study

    Project: CHLORINE HEADERS AND TRANSFER DUCT REPLACEMENT Client: Major chlor-alkali plant in the Middle East General Scope: All four chlorine gas collection headers, each one 24” through 42” diameter, and all 54” diameter chlorine gas transfer duct from headers to chlorine coolers was installed in 1996. The service of this ...


    By Fibrex Corporation

  • Case study - Emergency equipment for the absorption of chlorine in hospitals

    Chlorine is a strong oxidant that in normal conditions and in its pure state formsdichlorine, a toxic gas with a yellow-greenish colour formed by diatomic molecules (Cl2) that are about 2.5 times heavier than air and have an unpleasant smell. Among its multiple applications and due to its powerful oxidising nature, it is widely used forwater purificationin sewage treatment plants and as ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Field Detection of Chlorinated Alkenes in Well Water using the FROG-4000 Portable GC - Case Study

    Introduction Defiant’s FROG 4000, a portable GCPID system, was used to identify and determine the concentration of chlorinated alkenes in several extraction wells located in Tacoma Washington. Split samples were taken at each well and sent to an offsite lab for analysis. This case study examines the field exercise and highlights the high degree of agreement between the offsite lab and ...


    By Northern ANI Solutions Ltd.

  • A Four Channel Gas Detector for Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Common hazardous gases found in wastewater treatment plant facilities are hydrogen sulphide, methane, ammonia, carbon monoxide, chlorine and oxygen deficiency. Some facilities may also use ozone, chlorine dioxide or sodium hypochlorite with the chlorine during the sanitization treatment process. Furthermore, sulphur dioxide is often used to de-chlorinate the water once the treatment process is ...

  • The Daytona Beach Ralph Brennan Water Treatment Plant Finds On-Site Generation to be a Safe and Economical Solution for Water Disinfection

     ABSTRACT For many years the use of gaseous chlorine at water treatment plants has been an effective and widely used method of disinfection. It is still the most commonly used disinfectant treatment in water treatment plants in the United States. In recent years however, the safety of chlorine gas has come under increased scrutiny. The side effects to chlorine gas exposure at low levels ...

  • Shale Gas spawns investment in related sectors

    In a book recently released by the RTI Press, Shale Gas: the Promise and the Peril (www.rti.org/shalegasbook), author Vikram Rao details the economic rewards from shale gas development. He also underlines the environmental risks ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • ClorTec® An Operational Profile of a Pennsylvania Water Treatment Plant’s On-site Hypochlorite Generating System

    For more than 30 years, on-site generation of sodium hypochlorite has been a key process in water treatment for municipal and industrial applications. The benefits of the on-site generation process over chlorine gas and bulk hypochlorite have been well documented and include: Eliminate bulk storage of hazardous chemicals Reduce risk to plant personnel because of drastically eliminate hazardous ...

  • Autocalibration of dynamic bacterial growth model for water distribution system using GA

    The presence of residual chlorine and organic matter govern the bacterial regrowth within a water distribution system. The bacterial growth model is essential to predict the spatial and temporal variation of all these substances throughout the system. The parameters governing the bacterial growth and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) utilization are difficult to determine by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cheyenne Board of Public Utilities in Cheyenne, Wyoming Successfully Moves from Calcium Hypochlorite Tablets to Microclor On-Site Hypochlorite Generation

    The Cheyenne Board of Public Utilities (BOPU) operates the water and wastewater systems for the capital of Wyoming which has a population of more than 63,000. Located in the fast growing Front Range Urban Corridor, BOPU is challenged by growth, periodic water scarcity and aging infrastructure. During high demand, Cheyenne disinfects approximately 2 million gallons from well fields at an ...

  • Halliburton hunts new bacteria killer to protect Shale-gas boom

    Halliburton Co. and Schlumberger Ltd., trying to forestall a regulatory crackdown that would cut natural-gas drilling, are developing ways to eliminate the need for chemicals that may taint water supplies near wells. At risk is hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a process that unlocked gas deposits in shale formations and drove gains in U.S. production of the fuel. Proposed regulations might slow ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

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