Coastal Conservation Articles

  • Nanobite Cleans up Coastal Oil Disaster in Spain - Case Study

    On November 13, 2002, the Greek tanker The Prestige began losing its cargo of #6 bunker crude oil after one of its tanks burst off the northwest coast of Spain. The Spanish government decided to allow the tanker to sink, despite concerns of widespread contamination. By December’s end, the tanker had lost 80% of ...


    By Slick Solutions

  • Most UK coastal flooding caused by moderate, not extreme storms

    Scientists at the NOC and the University of Southampton have found that the majority of instances of coastal flooding around the United Kingdom in the last 100 years have been due to moderate storm events combined with high spring tides, rather than extreme storms. Researchers have undertaken one of the most detailed assessments of extreme sea level and coastal flooding ever carried out ...

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • USGS, NASA Study Finds Widespread Coastal Land Losses from Gulf Oil Spill

    A new USGS-NASA study found widespread shoreline loss along heavily oiled areas of Louisiana's coast after the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill and compared the erosion from the spill with coastal changes Hurricane Isaac caused in 2012. A pattern of dramatic, widespread shoreline loss along Louisiana’s coast caused by the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill has been ...

  • New Maps from Old Photos: Measuring Coastal Erosion

    U.S. Geological Survey scientists and their coauthors from the California Coastal Records Project have found a way to use historical aerial photographs not just to see evidence of coastal erosion, but to accurately measure how much has occurred over time. Applying a low-cost technique called “structure-from-motion” to five sets of oblique aerial photos spanning the years ...

  • NoiseNews: Something Fishy Going on in British Waters?

    The seas around Britain may be getting too noisy. So noisy in fact that fish species such as cod and haddock are having difficulty communicating with each other. If their chatter is being obscured, it could affect their ability to breed at a time when stock numbers are recovering. It has long been recognised that large marine mammals are susceptible to noise pollution – as ...


    By Cirrus Research plc

  • Sea Level Rise: Risk and Resilience in Coastal Cities

    Introduction One of the most dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change is a rise in the global sea level caused by the melting of glaciers and land-based ice caps, as well as a smaller increase from expansion due to the higher temperature of the water itself.  Unlike some other predicted effects of climate change, this impact has already been observed for some time.  Indeed, ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Uncertainty-based flood resiliency evaluation of wastewater treatment plants

    Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have a significant role in urban systems’ serviceability. These infrastructures, especially in coastal regions, are vulnerable to flooding. To minimize vulnerability, a better understanding of flood risk must be realized. To quantify the extent of efforts for flood risk management, a unified index is needed for evaluating resiliency as a key concept in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is a Flood Risk Assessment?

    Flood Risk Assessments (FRA) are becoming a very important part of the planning permission process. It interlocks with other areas of the planning process, and could cause weeks or months of delays if not done from the beginning. But what is a Flood Risk Assessment? A Flood Risk Assessment is a series of tests that are carried out to assess the level of flood risk of a given location. The ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Lessons from the construction of a climate change adaptation plan: A Broads wetland case study

    The dynamic nature of environmental change in coastal areas means that a flexible “learning by doing” management strategy has a number of advantages. This article lays out the principles of such a strategy and then assesses an actual planning and management process focused on climate change consequences for the Broads wetland on the East coast of England. The management strategy focused on the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Stakeholder involvement for management of the coastal zone

    The European Union has taken the lead to promote the management of coastal systems. Management strategies are implemented by the Water Framework Directive (WFD), the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), as well as the recent Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Directive. Most EU directives have a strong focus on public participation; however, a recent review found that the actual ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • What are the true costs of rising sea levels?

    A simple relationship between sea level rise and the massive potential costs of future coastal flooding has been established by scientists in Germany. As sea levels rise, the damage to human economies rises even faster. And as sea levels rose by an estimated 14cms in the last century, and could rise by up to 130cms ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Optimal groundwater management using state-space surrogate models: a case study for an arid coastal region

    A surrogate modeling framework is developed in this study to circumvent the computational burden of high-fidelity numerical groundwater models for arid coastal aquifers. Two different surrogate models, namely, artificial neural network (ANN) and Gaussian process model (GPM) are trained to replace the computationally expensive numerical flow and transport model OpenGeoSys. A novel time-dependent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi‐media screening of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in coastal urban watersheds in Southern California (USA)

    To examine the occurrence and fate of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and inform future monitoring of CECs in coastal urban waterways, water, sediment and fish tissue samples were collected and analyzed for a broad suite of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), commercial/household chemicals, current use pesticides and hormones in an effluent‐dominated river and multiple ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • ANFIS and ANN models for the estimation of wind and wave-induced current velocities at Joeutsu-Ogata coast

    In this study, the adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) were employed to estimate the wind- and wave-induced coastal current velocities. The collected data at the Joeutsu-Ogata coast of the Japan Sea were used to develop the models. In the models, significant wave height, wave period, wind direction, water depth, incident wave angle, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can software save salt marshes?

    Computer models that help oceanside cities plan for their future also hold hope for a threatened coastal ecosystem. It’s a mild and sunny summer day on the tidal salt marshes at Barn Island Wildlife Management Area, which sits across Little Narragansett bay from ...


    By Ensia

  • Trends of climate with rapid change in Sinai, Egypt

    This study presents evidence for rapid climate change in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Analyses of data for temperature and rainfall from 1970 to 2014 show a clear tendency towards decreasing rainfall and increasing average temperatures. This trend caused severe droughts for many years that were suddenly interrupted by high and unpredictable rainfall that fluctuated heavily in space and time. If ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A cost-effective method to protect the coastal regions from sea level rise. A case study: northern coasts of Egypt

    Sea level rise resulting from climate change represents one of the major challenges for coastal regions, e.g., coastal erosion, submergence of shore cities and saltwater intrusion. This study presents a feasibility study of using a diaphragm wall (DW) to protect the northern coasts of Egypt from sea level rise. The study includes assessment of environmental and socio-economic impacts of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Population vulnerability to storm surge flooding in coastal Virginia, U.S.A.

    This study aims to assess the vulnerability of populations to storm surge flooding in 12 coastal localities of Virginia, U.S.A. Population vulnerability is assessed by way of three physical factors (elevation, slope, and storm surge category), three built‐up components (road availability, access to hospitals, and access to shelters), and three household conditions (storm preparedness, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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