Deionization Articles

  • Common Reasons For Syringe Leakage

    The components of even the most durable syringe will eventually fail. The most common symptom of failure may be leakage of your solvent from the syringe. The following are some common reasons for syringe leakage, as well as our recommended solutions. 1. Tip Connection If your syringe hub consists of a PTFE tip, check for small grooves in the PTFE surface. If sufficiently large, ...


    By Chemyx Inc

  • Tech Tips: Membrane Preconditioning

    What is membrane preconditioning and why is it recommended to precondition new flat sheet or spiral woundmembranes prior to use? Membrane preconditioning is a filtration step using deionized water as feed solution and is typically ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • WDI – Industrial Water Deionizer

    The ion exchange system produces (DI) deionized water at a 90% lower cost than service exchange with regeneration of its duplex alternating cation and anion exchange…  Learn More At Water Innovations, Inc. we engineer solutions for wastewater treatment, closed loop water recycling ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Fabrication of titanium carburizing electrodes for capacitive deionization

    Titanium carburizing electrodes were used as the electrodes in a capacitive deionization (CDI) process for desalination in this study. Two methods of high vacuum magnetron sputtering and chemical deposition were used for the preparation of nano-titanium carburizing electrodes (named Ti-C* and Ti-C**). By comparing the adsorption capacities of different kinds of electrode material, combined ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined ultrafiltration-electrodeionization technique for production of high purity water

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is the most common method to produce high purity water used for boiler feed water, microelectronic, and pharmaceutical industries. Commonly, EDI is combined with reverse osmosis (RO) to meet the requirement of EDI feed water, with hardness less than 1 ppm. However, RO requires a relatively high operating pressure and ultrafiltration (UF) as pretreatment which results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of mixture of ZnO and CuO nanoparticles (NPs) from water using activated carbon in batch kinetic studies

    The aim of this study was to understand the effects of pH (5, 6, 7, 8, 9) and activated carbon (AC) concentration (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 g/L) on the removal of a colloidal solution of nanoparticles (NPs) (ZnO + CuO) using AC in batch kinetic studies. Results revealed that adsorption capacities of AC for Zn and Cu (individually) were 0.9 ± 0.028 mg/g (91.3% removal) and 0.95 ± 0.036 mg/g (95.6% ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancing capacitive deionization technology as an effective method for water treatment using commercially available graphene

    In recent years, capacitive deionization (CDI) has been reported as one of the emerging technologies developed with the purpose of water desalination. This work is aimed at the integration of supercapacitor electrodes for efficient removal of ions from water, and thus to achieve an energy efficient, and cost-effective water treatment process. Our objective is to transfer the vast knowledge of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of Purification

    Water Innovations Water Systems Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Removal of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in groundwater by nanofiltration membrane

    Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is very persistent in the environment and resistant to typical degradation processes. PFOA has been widely used in surface-active agents and as an emulsifier in several products and can contaminate groundwater. Groundwater is considered as an important source of water; hence removal of PFOA contamination in groundwater is needed. This study aimed to examine the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Studies on competitive adsorption of dyes onto carbon (XC-72) and regeneration of adsorbent

    Carbon as an adsorbent has been widely studied for wastewater treatment, but the regeneration of adsorbent has been scarcely reported. In this paper, an economical and environmental method was applied to regenerate carbon (XC-72). Results showed that both anhydrous ethanol and deionized water did not obtain optimal effect for the desorption of Acid Orange 7, Ponceau 2R and Rhodamine B, but the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of phosphorus from water by using volcanic ash soil (VAS): batch and column experiments

    Using low-cost and naturally available materials is considered an optimal adsorbent for removing phosphorus (P) from water due to its simplicity and economic efficiency. This study examined the removal of P from water using volcanic ash soil (VAS) by batch and column experiments. The maximum adsorption capacity of P was 2.94 mg g−1, estimated from the batch experiment according to a Langmuir ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the use of red mud as a catalyst for photodegradation of bisphenol A in wastewater treatment

    This study aimed to investigate the use of red mud (RM) – a byproduct of aluminum production, as a photocatalyst, which was characterized physical-chemically and used in the photodegradation of the target compound bisphenol A (BPA). Chemical processing was performed in the RM (acid treatment, chemical reduction and calcination) to verify the most active catalyst. From the results obtained, a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • South Coast Steam Power, Puerto Rico and QUA’s Fractional Electrodeionization

    Project Background Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) is the owner of South Coast Steam Power Plant located at Guayanilla in the island of Puerto Rico, about 150 KM south of San Juan. This power station is one of PREPA’s oldest units and uses an oil fired boiler as part of its generation process. The plant decided to replace an ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • QUA Interviewed by Industrial Waterworld at AMTA Membrane Technology Conference 2016

    QUA’s Director of Sales and Marketing, Fred Wiesler, was recently interviewed by Industrial Waterworld at the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA)’s Membrane Technology Conference 2016 in San Antonio. Qua's Fred Wiesler describes the company's many offerings, including UF, MBR, and ceramic membranes. Highlighted: fractional electrodeionization (FEDI) technology, which ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • Arsenic removal from groundwater using low-cost carbon composite electrodes for capacitive deionization

    Affordable carbon composite electrodes were developed to treat low-concentrated groundwater using capacitive deionization (CDI). A carbon slurry prepared using activated carbon powder (ACP), poly(vinylidene fluoride), and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone was employed as a casting solution to soak in a low-cost porous substrate. The surface morphology of the carbon composite electrodes was investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brazos Electric Generation Facility and Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI®)

    Overview Brazos Electric Cooperative Power Plant in Cleburne, TX is a nominal 258 MW combined cycle gas fired power plant operating on AGC (Automatic Generation Control) load requirements. The plant uses approximately 54 million gallons of water per year for boiler feed water and NOx control of its combustion turbine. The power plant was originally commissioned in 1997. The ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • What are the Top 10 Sustainability Technologies Crucial to Sustain Life on Earth

    Clean and green environment (CGE) technologies have taken center stage with rising water scarcity, energy depletion, and global warming threatening the Earth’s ability to nurture life. A concerted move toward sustainability, especially with regard to water-efficient technologies, is vital for future survival. Recent analysis from Frost & Sullivan,  ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Valorization of granulated slag of Arcelor-Mittal (Algeria) in cationic dye adsorption from aqueous solution: column studies

    A continuous adsorption study in a fixed-bed column was carried out using granulated slag (GS) as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The effects of various parameters, such as initial dye concentration, flow rate, bed depth, and pH were investigated. Obtained results confirmed that the breakthrough time and exhaustion time were dependent on these ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of synthesized hydrophilic magnetic nanoparticles (HMNPs) in forward osmosis for water reuse

    Forward osmosis (FO) is attracting worldwide attention as an emerging technology in the fields of power generation, water reuse, desalination, pharmaceuticals and food processing. Still, the critical challenge of finding a suitable draw solute for FO persists. Therefore the current research focuses on synthesizing hydrophilic magnetic nanoparticles (HMNPs) and systematically investigating ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hospital uses Cetamine technology to achieve 20,000€ annual savings in water and energy - Case Study

    1. Background A large hospital located in Italy is constantly striving to maximize operational efficiency while reducing water and energy consumption. The water treatment boiler is crucial as the low pressure boilers are producing steam for medical uses, hot water and electrical power. For a complete and economical solution in order to save costs in their boiler operation ...


    By Kurita

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