Deionization Articles

  • Studies on competitive adsorption of dyes onto carbon (XC-72) and regeneration of adsorbent

    Carbon as an adsorbent has been widely studied for wastewater treatment, but the regeneration of adsorbent has been scarcely reported. In this paper, an economical and environmental method was applied to regenerate carbon (XC-72). Results showed that both anhydrous ethanol and deionized water did not obtain optimal effect for the desorption of Acid Orange 7, Ponceau 2R and Rhodamine B, but the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of phosphorus from water by using volcanic ash soil (VAS): batch and column experiments

    Using low-cost and naturally available materials is considered an optimal adsorbent for removing phosphorus (P) from water due to its simplicity and economic efficiency. This study examined the removal of P from water using volcanic ash soil (VAS) by batch and column experiments. The maximum adsorption capacity of P was 2.94 mg g−1, estimated from the batch experiment according to a Langmuir ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the use of red mud as a catalyst for photodegradation of bisphenol A in wastewater treatment

    This study aimed to investigate the use of red mud (RM) – a byproduct of aluminum production, as a photocatalyst, which was characterized physical-chemically and used in the photodegradation of the target compound bisphenol A (BPA). Chemical processing was performed in the RM (acid treatment, chemical reduction and calcination) to verify the most active catalyst. From the results obtained, a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • South Coast Steam Power, Puerto Rico and QUA’s Fractional Electrodeionization

    Project Background Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) is the owner of South Coast Steam Power Plant located at Guayanilla in the island of Puerto Rico, about 150 KM south of San Juan. This power station is one of PREPA’s oldest units and uses an oil fired boiler as part of its generation process. The plant decided to replace an ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • QUA Interviewed by Industrial Waterworld at AMTA Membrane Technology Conference 2016

    QUA’s Director of Sales and Marketing, Fred Wiesler, was recently interviewed by Industrial Waterworld at the American Membrane Technology Association (AMTA)’s Membrane Technology Conference 2016 in San Antonio. Qua's Fred Wiesler describes the company's many offerings, including UF, MBR, and ceramic membranes. Highlighted: fractional electrodeionization (FEDI) technology, which ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • The Generation of Pure Water

    As a world leading manufacturer of complex multi-port stainless steel diaphragm valves, GEMÜ has earned an excellent reputation in the biotech and pharmaceuticals’ markets. GEMÜ is now transferring the skills acquired in biotech and pharmaceutical applications, to water applications by designing and manufacturing plastic multi-port block valves. The space saving compact build, ...


    By Modern Pumping Today

  • Arsenic removal from groundwater using low-cost carbon composite electrodes for capacitive deionization

    Affordable carbon composite electrodes were developed to treat low-concentrated groundwater using capacitive deionization (CDI). A carbon slurry prepared using activated carbon powder (ACP), poly(vinylidene fluoride), and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone was employed as a casting solution to soak in a low-cost porous substrate. The surface morphology of the carbon composite electrodes was investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brazos Electric Generation Facility and Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI®)

    Overview Brazos Electric Cooperative Power Plant in Cleburne, TX is a nominal 258 MW combined cycle gas fired power plant operating on AGC (Automatic Generation Control) load requirements. The plant uses approximately 54 million gallons of water per year for boiler feed water and NOx control of its combustion turbine. The power plant was originally commissioned in 1997. The ...


    By QUA Group LLC

  • What are the Top 10 Sustainability Technologies Crucial to Sustain Life on Earth

    Clean and green environment (CGE) technologies have taken center stage with rising water scarcity, energy depletion, and global warming threatening the Earth’s ability to nurture life. A concerted move toward sustainability, especially with regard to water-efficient technologies, is vital for future survival. Recent analysis from Frost & Sullivan,  ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Valorization of granulated slag of Arcelor-Mittal (Algeria) in cationic dye adsorption from aqueous solution: column studies

    A continuous adsorption study in a fixed-bed column was carried out using granulated slag (GS) as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The effects of various parameters, such as initial dye concentration, flow rate, bed depth, and pH were investigated. Obtained results confirmed that the breakthrough time and exhaustion time were dependent on these ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of synthesized hydrophilic magnetic nanoparticles (HMNPs) in forward osmosis for water reuse

    Forward osmosis (FO) is attracting worldwide attention as an emerging technology in the fields of power generation, water reuse, desalination, pharmaceuticals and food processing. Still, the critical challenge of finding a suitable draw solute for FO persists. Therefore the current research focuses on synthesizing hydrophilic magnetic nanoparticles (HMNPs) and systematically investigating ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hospital uses Cetamine technology to achieve 20,000€ annual savings in water and energy - Case Study

    1. Background A large hospital located in Italy is constantly striving to maximize operational efficiency while reducing water and energy consumption. The water treatment boiler is crucial as the low pressure boilers are producing steam for medical uses, hot water and electrical power. For a complete and economical solution in order to save costs in their boiler operation ...


    By Kurita

  • The study of capacitive deionization behavior of a carbon nanotube electrode from the perspective of charge efficiency

    In this work, the capacitive deionization (CDI) performance of a single-walled carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode has been studied from the point view of charge efficiency theory. It is revealed here that the charge efficiency of a CNT electrode is strongly dependent upon the cell voltage and solution concentration. Either the high cell voltage or the low ionic strength results in a high charge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • White paper - Ion Exchange Theory

    Ion exchange is the removal of unwanted “charged” particles, called ions, from raw water. In this process the ions are transferred to a solid particle, called an ion exchanger, which accepts these ions while returning an equal number of desirable ions. The exchangers are made of porous plastic resin, which gives them many “exchange sites”. In the basic reaction, an ion ...


    By W2 Systems

  • Comparison of Continuous Electrodeionization Devices

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is the standard method of generating high purity water bypolishing reverse osmosis permeate. The technology utilizes electrical current toremove ionic impurities while continuously regenerating cation and anion exchange resins. EDI is utilized in ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Wyman Gordon Case Study

    Wyman-Gordon is a world class materials company with nearly 200 years of metals engineering experience. They are the acknowledged leader in the production of high-quality closed-die forgings and extrusions for the most critical applications. Markets served include those for commercial and military aircraft; gas turbine engines; oil and gas exploration; land based gas turbine and power generation; ...


    By Mech-Chem Associates, Inc.

  • Photodegradation of the antihistamine cetirizine in natural waters

    The photodegradation rate of the anti‐histamine cetirizine (Zyrtec®) was investigated in various water matrices. The average observed first‐order photodegradation rate coefficient (kobs), obtained by linear regression of the logarithmic‐transformed cetirizine concentrations versus irradiation time in simulated sunlight, was 0.024 h−1 (n = 6; S.D. ± 0.004) in deionized water (DIW) corresponding ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company - case study

    Application R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, operates a plating shop that produces chrome-plated cylinders that are etched by a proprietary mechanical process. The finished cylinders are then inked and used in the printing presses. Wastewater Description Wastewater contami-nates include Ar, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Se, Ag and Zn. ...


  • Pettit national ice center cuts operating costs, perfects ice quality with Culligan Matrix Solutions

    Challenge Pettit National Ice Center, located in Milwaukee, Wl, is a U.S. Olympic Training Site and the only indoor sea-level ice oval in the U.S. The facility has helped many top speed skaters reach their Olympic medal dreams - while also providing a location for frequent national and international competitions. In fact, all of the U.S. speed skaters who have participated in the last ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Breakthrough studies with mono-, binary- and ternary-ion systems comprised of Fe(II), F and As(III) using river sand packed columns for groundwater treatment

    Groundwater in Assam, India, contains excessive amounts of arsenic (As(III)), fluoride (F−) and iron (Fe(II)). The rural and semi-urban population of Assam uses indigenous iron filters fabricated using processed sand (PS) as one of the chief constituents to reduce Fe(II) concentration; however, no efforts have been made to reduce As(III) or F− concentrations before use. ...


    By IWA Publishing

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