Drinking Water Safety Articles

  • Design and operation of a rainwater for drinking (RFD) project in a rural area: case study at Cukhe Elementary School, Vietnam

    Since 2014, a well-designed rainwater for drinking (RFD) project has been successfully operating at Cukhe Elementary School, near Hanoi, Vietnam. During that time, daily rainfall data, water consumption, water quality and questionnaires to the community were prepared. Several concerns over the design and operation of RFD projects, such as lack of sufficient rainfall data, water quality ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Proposition 65 – Article 6

    Proposition 65 – Article 6: An Overview of Amendment § 25601 in Title 27 The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, commonly known as California’s Proposition 65 (“Prop 65”), protects the State from chemical contaminants known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Under an update to Article 6 of Prop 65 (i.e., “Clear and ...


    By UL - The WERCS

  • U.S. EPA approves first enzymatic method for SDWA reporting of nitrate

    The US Environmental Protection Agency periodically updates methods laboratories can use for protecting the quality of the nation's drinking water.  The Safe Drinking Water Act office of the EPA published its list of Alternate Test Protocols (ATP) in the Federal Register in July 2016. ...


    By NECi Superior Enzymes

  • Journal AWWA examines lessons of Flint

    The crisis in Flint, Mich., has far-reaching implications for water utilities across the United States, according to two articles published in the July 2016 Journal - American Water Works Association. Although the current health crisis is focused largely on Flint, lead service lines exist in communities across North America. In the article, “The Flint Crisis,” former Journal AWWA ...

  • Scarcity to solution: perceived reasons for safe drinking water scarcity and local coping responses in a coastal village of Bangladesh

    People are directly and indirectly exposed to changing weather patterns through changes in the quality of water, air, and food changes in ecosystems, agriculture, industry, human settlements and the economy. Hence, this study explored local perceived reasons for safe drinking water scarcity and under such circumstances the coping responses in their region. This is a descriptive study based on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacteriological assessment of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) water in southwest coastal Bangladesh

    Safe drinking water is scarce in southwest coastal Bangladesh. Harvested rainwater and rain-fed pond water are the main sources of drinking water for people living in this area. Both government and non-government organizations are promoting aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) schemes to provide safe drinking water for this population. This study assessed the bacteriological quality of both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Access to safe drinking water and human health: empirical evidence from rural Bhutan

    Provision of safe drinking water is essential for the promotion of human well-being. This paper makes an attempt to examine the patterns of access to drinking water, identify and analyze the factors that influence households access to safe drinking water sources, and analyze factors determining the extent of households travel to fetch drinking water, and assess the effects of access to safe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The South Australian Safe Drinking Water Act: summary of the first year of operation

    The Safe Drinking Water Act 2011 was introduced in South Australia to provide clear direction to drinking water providers on how to achieve water safety. The Act requires drinking water providers to register with SA Health and develop a risk management plan (RMP) for their water supply that includes operational and verification monitoring plans and an incident notification and communication ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The paradox of water accessibility: understanding the temporal and spatial dimensions of access to improved water sources in Rwanda

    According to the United Nations, the world has met the Millennium Development Goal target of halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water. However, global figures mask massive disparities between regions and countries, and within countries. For instance, only 64% of the people in sub-Saharan Africa have access to improved water sources. Over 40% of all people globally ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Learning from the MDGs: Improved sanitation and drainage in cities

    The water MDG was widely acknowledged as the furthest from delivering against its objective, with criticism largely levelled at Target 7.C, which aimed to 'halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation'.  Across two issues of the journal, 22 papers tackle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding social acceptability of arsenic-safe technologies in rural Bangladesh: a user-oriented analysis

    Contamination of shallow tube well drinking water by naturally occurring arsenic is a severe societal and human health challenge in Bangladesh. Multiple technological interventions seeking to ameliorate the problem face hurdles in securing social acceptance, i.e. the willingness of users to receive and use a technology. While most papers focus on expert understanding of social acceptability, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • NIPH validated UV systems for floatel superior - Case study

    Floatel Superior is a semisubmersible accommodation and construction support vessel. She is designed to meet the stringent rules and regulations for all year operation on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, an area with some of the most demanding regulatory requirements and some of the harshest environmental conditions in the ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • Microbial indicators, pathogens and methods for their monitoring in water environment

    Water is critical for life, but many people do not have access to clean and safe drinking water and die because of waterborne diseases. The analysis of drinking water for the presence of indicator microorganisms is key to determining microbiological quality and public health safety. However, drinking water-related illness outbreaks are still occurring worldwide. Moreover, different indicator ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Q&A with Dr Ashi Tudugalle

    Ashanthie Tudugalle (Ashi) is the newest member of the DelAgua team and is the company’s Technical Services Executive. Ashi recently completed a PhD at the University of Surrey in Microbiology & Immunology where she spent the last 6 years conducting research into microbial diseases. Ashi has vast experience ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Introduction to Environmental Testing in the USA

    Environmental laboratories practice “applied analytical chemistry” by analyzing samples using a list of potential contaminants to determine how much, if any, of the contaminant is present. These contaminants, the methods used to analyze for them, and the maximum amount of contaminant allowed in the sample are defined by regulation. This paper provides an overview of ...

  • Ensuring safe drinking water case study

    Challenge: A state environmental agency contracted with Antea Group to assist in the execution of a state-wide clean drinking water program. Program objectives included the development of an efficient and standardized program to monitor for chemical and biological contaminants across more than 6,500 public water systems. ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Estimated Costs to Utilities for Issuing A Boil Water Advisory

    The United States Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) has stringent standards in place to ensure the safe distribution of water. However, water quality problems (e.g. water main breaks, elevated turbidity, microbiological non-compliance, etc.) can result in these standards not being met. The consequence of this is often a boil water advisory to inform the public that the water is unsafe to drink. ...

  • SGS Informs You on Recent California Proposition 65 Settlements

    Proposition 65 (Prop 65) is the ‘Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986’, a ballot initiative passed overwhelmingly by California residents in 1986. Since its enactment, there have been numerous lawsuits which resulted in the reduction of carcinogenic and reproductive chemicals through reformulations of consumer products containing such chemicals (1). In a recent ...


    By SGS

  • Egypt: Improving public sector performance - institutional strengthening of the Alexandria general water authority

    The case illustrates how challenges are addressed and initiatives for improved performance are developed and agreed to by AWGA for implementation over a 5-year and 10-year period. It reveals the process undertaken by the Steering Committee and Assessment Teams to evaluate AWGA’s institutional capacity, including organization, management, planning, training and human resources, financial, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • FRACKING: Freeing Energy Resources versus Polluting the Earth and Public Health with Radiation and Toxic Chemicals?

    Fracking demands the use of millions of gallons of water, precious drinking water, and sand infused with up to 1,000 different toxic chemicals to fracture the shale rock and release the trapped gas or oil. The wastewater, brine, and sludge are then returned to the surface and in need of disposal. Unfortunately there is not yet a clear and safe method of disposal or storage. Among these chemicals ...


    By Technical Associates

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