Electrodialysis Articles

  • Manufacturer of Electrical Appliances - Case Study

    Denitrification of wastewater with electrodialysis A manufacturer of electrical appliances uses sodium nitrate solution for an electrochemical etching process. The sodium nitrate created concentrations of nitrate in the wastewater that were too high discharging in the sewage system. Options for treatment were biological denitrification or electrodialysis. After comparing both solutions, ...


    By Paques Technology B.V.

  • Paper Industry Wastewater

    Standard discharge, reclaimed water reuse and zero effluent discharge 1. Pulping Wastewater is the most difficult wastewater to be treated in the papermaking industry. The organic pollutants and inorganic salts are high in content, complex in composition, high in hardness, high in costs. The technical staff of JIUWU work with experts from the Institute of Membrane Science and Technology of ...


    By Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-tech Co

  • Brackish water desalination using electrodialysis: predictive mass transfer and concentration distribution model along the electrodialyzer

    This study employs theory and experimental data from a laboratory-scale electrodialyzer to predict sodium chloride (NaCl) mass transport and concentration distribution along the electrodialyzer as a function of feed concentration, feed flow rate, applied voltage, and pressure. Moreover, a model was developed to predict the ion removal as a function of driving forces through solving the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrating Reverse-Electrodialysis Stacks with flow batteries for improved energy recovery from salinity gradients and energy storage

    Abstract Salinity gradient energy can be directly converted into electrical power by using reverse electrodialysis (RED) and other technologies, but reported power densities have been too low for practical applications. Herein, the RED stack performance was improved by using 2,6-dihydroxyanthraquinone and ferrocyanide as redox couples. These electrolytes were then used in a flow battery to ...


    By SusChem

  • Efficient removal of Indigo Carmine dye by a separation process

    This study is aimed at developing an innovative approach for Indigo Carmine dye removal from synthetic solutions by electrodialysis, carried out using ion exchange membranes. The batch electrodialysis system was operated at various current intensities: 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 A. The pH and conductivity of solutions were measured before and after using electrodialysis process. The colour removal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Electrodialysis heterogeneous ion exchange membranes modified by SiO2 nanoparticles: fabrication and electrochemical characterization

    In the current study mixed matrix heterogeneous cation exchange membranes were prepared by solution casting technique. The effect of SiO2 nanoparticles in the polymeric solution on the physicochemical properties of prepared membranes was studied. Scanning optical microscope images showed uniform particle distribution and relatively uniform surfaces for the prepared membranes. The membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mild desalination of various raw water streams

    For chemical industries, fresh water availability is a pre-requisite for sustainable operation. However, in many delta areas around the world, fresh water is scarce. Therefore, the E4Water project (www.e4water.eu) comprises a case study at the Dow site in Terneuzen, The Netherlands, which is designed to develop commercial applications for mild desalination of brackish ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study: How to purify Hexavalent Chrome Wastewater

    We all talk about priority pollutants, about hazardous substances and discharge to the atmosphere etc. which are dangerous for our environmental. Day by day we adopt new laws and regulations to protect our green future. So, what is that “priority pollutants”? Priority pollutants are highly toxic chemicals. The list of these chemicals is quite large and includes thousands of items but ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Desalination of oil sands process-affected water and basal depressurization water in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada: application of electrodialysis

    The high content of inorganic species in water used to extract bitumen from the Alberta oil sands and in the groundwater below the oil sands is an increasing environmental concern. These water matrices require treatment before they can be reused or safely discharged. Desalination of the oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) and groundwater, or basal depressurization water (BDW), can be ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flocculation of a lactic acid fermentation broth by gelatin

    In the current study, flocculation of a lactic acid (LA) fermentation broth with three kinds of flocculants was performed in order to reduce membrane pollution during its subsequent electrodialysis. Gelatin was selected as the most suitable flocculant in comparison with others in terms of flocculation rate (FR), suspended solid (SS) removal rate, and filtration flux of the supernatant. Optimal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Defluoridation of drinking water using metal embedded biocarbon technology

    The water that circulates in contact with fluorinated ores is particularly rich in fluoride. The beneficial and the harmful effects of fluoride consumption are well documented. The dental and skeletal fluorosis is the widespread harmful effects of a long consumption of fluoride. WHO recommended level of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5 mg/L. Different methods have been tested for defluoridation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Selection and economical evaluation of solar desalination technologies via DesalSolar software

    Worldwide projection indicated that in 2020 the situation of water resources in Iran reach to scarcity. Besides, global warming and energy crisis have forced countries to use renewable energy resources. Solar desalination technologies particularly in remote area of Iran could be a method to emancipate from this crisis. In this paper, all kind of desalination technologies were reviewed. Then, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An electrostatic shielding-based coupled electrodialysis/electrodeionization process for removal of cobalt ions from aqueous solutions

    Electrode graphite powder beds were interposed between anode and cathode as intermediate electrodes inside an electrolytic setup. Due to electrostatic shielding they eliminate the applied electric field and therefore stop the electromigration of ions within their mass. It was found that the intermediate electrodes can act as ionic current sinks—ion concentrating compartments and therefore cause a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spiral wound EDI technology part 1

    Water purification by reducing the concentration of ionic impurities has been an area of considerable technical interest. Water treatment technologies have rapidly advanced in recent years to where a myriad of options have been developed for this purpose. The most well-known processes include electrodialysis, electrodeionization (EDI), liquid chromatography, membrane filtration, and ion exchange. ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Seawater desalination technologies

    The distribution of the total water available in various places on the earth is delineated in this paper. This paper discusses various desalination technologies like membrane technology and thermal technology. Membrane technology includes Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration, Electrodialysis and Electrodialysis Reversal, whereas thermal technology includes Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Distillation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brackish water desalination technologies

    This paper classifies various types of water according to their total dissolved salt content. It then discusses various technologies for brackish water desalination and their advantages and disadvantages. These technologies include different thermal processes as well as membrane processes. The thermal processes include Multistage Flash (MSF), Multieffect Distillation (MED) and Vapour Compression ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Role of membranes and activated carbon in the removal of endocrine disruptors

    As part of an American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AwwaRF) research project to evaluate conventional and advanced treatment processes for the removal of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals (Project #2758), several experiments were conducted using membranes and activated carbon. A series of dynamic flow-through membrane experiments were performed at pilot- and full-scale to ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Evaluation and Testing of Technologies for Brine Minimization at Eastern Municipal Water District

     ABSTRACT Eastern Municipal Water District (Eastern) in Southern California is facing increasing brine disposal challenges at its two inland desalter facilities. In most cases at inland sites, the disposal of brine involves either the dilution of the waste stream in another receiving body or the concentration of brine solutions (Truesdall et al., 1995). In the case of Eastern, brine ...

  • Evaluating Traditional and Innovative Concentrate Treatment and Disposal Methods for Water Recycling at Big Bear Valley, California

    ABSTRACT The Big Bear Area Regional Wastewater Agency (BBARWA) recently completed a study of advanced water reclamation as a means to augment existing potable water supplies for the residents and visitors of Big Bear Valley. Potable water is provided by local groundwater (GW); during periods of drought or prolonged dry weather water demand can exceed supply. The use of recycled water, ...

  • Adsorption of chromium from wastewater by platanus orientalis leaves

    The presence of heavy metals in drinking water can be toxic to consumers; these metals can damage nerves, liver and bones and block functional groups of vital enzymes (Ewan and Pamphlet, 1996). In the recent years, increasing awareness of water pollution and its far reaching effects has prompted concerted efforts towards pollution abatement .Among the different heavy metals from toxic pollutant ...


    By University of Tehran

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