Filter Beds Articles

  • Remediation of a failing filter bed Works - Case Study

    Greener Waste Technology is a Process Engineering and Environmental Consultancy specialising in the Municipal sector. Following several years of extensive research Greener Waste Technology has advanced the unique bacteria dosing technology which has been successfully introduced to a number of water companies. The BioCube is being successfully used in wastewater treatment to optimise processes ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Flood recovery project - Case Study

    Greener Waste Technology has been working with a utility company to combat the effects of flooding on a filter bed works. The works in question is low lying and next to a river which recently burst its embankment and flooded the filter beds entirely. The flood distributed large volumes of silt and mud onto the filters blocking the beds and starving the indigenous bacteria population of oxygen ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Filter bed remediation - Case Study

    Biological filter beds usually consist of a mineral media over which effluent to be treated percolates. The media becomes host to a biomass which is grazed by a series of more complex organisms. If the growth of the biomass is greater than the rate at which the grazing occurs then the biomass film will accumulate in the bed. This will block the interstices of the media and restrict effluent ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Use of bauxite for enhanced removal of bacteria in slow sand filters

    Slow sand filtration (SSF) is a well-known process for drinking water treatment and is widely used for the production of biologically stable drinking water and particle removal. The removal process of particles and microorganisms is highly dependent on the buildup of the schmutzdecke at the filter surface. During the ripening period and especially for cold waters, the buildup of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The application of moving bed biofilm reactor to denitrification process after trickling filters

    The paper presents research of a prototype moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). The device was used for the post-denitrification process and was installed at the end of a technological system consisting of a septic tank and two trickling filters. The concentrations of suspended biomass and biomass attached on the EvU Perl moving bed surface were determined. The impact of the external organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of filter media thickness on the performance of sand drying beds used for faecal sludge management

    The effect of sand filter media thickness on the performance of faecal sludge (FS) drying beds was determined in terms of: dewatering time, contaminant load removal efficiency, solids generation rate, nutrient content and helminth eggs viability in the dried sludge. A mixture of ventilated improved pit latrine sludge and septage in the ratio 1:2 was dewatered using three pilot-scale sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tertiary Nitrification Process - Case Study

    Our nitrification process was originally developed for ammonia removal from activated sludge final effluent. However, it has since been applied to sludge liquor ("reject water", "centrate" or "filtrate") treatment. It is also suitable for nitrification of potable water sources (e.g. surface or ground water) prior to chlorination, to reduce the formation of chloramines. Ammonia removal down to 1 ...

  • gaiasafe filter products for drinking water purification - Case Study

    Problem In some water works chlorination of drinking water is used to eliminate mikrobes. Chlorinated water may have disagreable taste and smell. Some water works use aluminium salts to clean the water. This leads to low concentrations of aluminium in drinking water. Today it is known that aluminium may be toxic to men. Old piping installations inside or outside private homes often where ...


    By gaiasafe GmbH

  • Mine backfill

    Mine backfill is defined as the material used to fill the cavities (i.e., stopes) created by underground mining. Backfilling can be a means to dispose of sludge and/ or tailings which may contain hazardous materials and to reduce surface environmental impacts by storing tailings underground. Alternately, backfilling with nonhazardous materials can allow for mining productivity improvements. To ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Sequential UASB and dual media packed-bed reactors for domestic wastewater treatment – experiment and simulation

    A wastewater treatment system composed of an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor followed by a packed-bed reactor (PBR) filled with Sorbulite® and Polonite® filter material was tested in a laboratory bench-scale experiment. The system was operated for 50 weeks and achieved very efficient total phosphorus (P) removal (99%), 7-day biochemical oxygen demand removal (99%) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Contributions of homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological iron(II) oxidation in aeration and rapid sand filtration (RSF) in field sites

    In groundwater treatment, after aeration, iron(II) is precipitated in rapid sand filtration (RSF) by homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological oxidation. The contribution of homogeneous iron(II) oxidation may be calculated from equations and constants available in the literature. Heterogeneous iron(II) oxidation produces hydrous ferric oxides coated filter sand, resulting in a growing filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of fractionation of hydraulic load on oxidation performances of sand filters

    Infiltration–percolation is an extensive treatment technique aimed at eliminating organic matter, oxidizing nitrogen, and removing pathogens. The main purpose of this work is to evaluate the impact of fractionation of hydraulic load on oxidation performances of unsaturated sand filters. Experimental results showed that oxidation of organic matter and ammonium nitrogen has mainly occurred in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of efficient characterization parameters for activated carbon used in drinking water treatment

    In many drinking water treatment facilities with an activated carbon (AC) purification step, polar and hydrophilic molecules are substances of concern. Many of the current test methods for AC do not really reflect AC's adsorption capacity for these substances. To develop a fast and economically reasonable parameter that characterizes AC's ability to remove these compounds, three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    This study investigated the performance of sludge drying reed beds (SDRB) at full- and pilot-scale treating sludge from septic tanks in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The treatment units, planted with Cynodon spp., were based on an adaptation of the first-stage of the French vertical-flow constructed wetland, originally developed for treating sewage. Two different operational phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sacred place in Egypt saved by treating wastewater

    While investigating a wastewater problem in an Egyptian village, Alterra researcher Joop Harmsen discovered that a monastery was in danger of collapsing. This unexpected threat to a sacred place turned out to be the most important incentive for tackling this particular wastewater problem in the short term. Normally there would be no funding for such a project. The village of Deir Gebel El-Tair ...

  • Particle deposition and mobilisation during deep bed filtration in oilfields

    Deposition of latex microspheres on a borosilicate filter was carried out at gradually decreasing suspension velocities at conditions favourable for particle attachment and excluding particle retention due to size exclusion. Particle critical retention concentration followed quadratic function of suspension velocity agreeing with the modified particle attachment/detachment model based on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Panelboard emission control: An historical perspective

    Sometimes the best view of the future can be seen from the past. That's why we've written this paper. We believe that an understanding of the history of emission controls in the panelboard industry will help everyone understand how this industry got to where it is and what the future holds. This account focuses on the evolution of technology devoted to the control of air pollution emissions from ...


    By Lundberg, LLC

  • Kinetic evaluation and process performance of an upflow anaerobic filter reactor degrading terephthalic acid

    The anaerobic degradation of terephthalic acid (TA) as the sole organic carbon source was studied in an upflow anaerobic filter (UAF) reactor. The reactor was seeded with biomass obtained from a full-scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) reactor and was used to treat wastewater from a petrochemical facility producing dimethyl terephthalate. The UAF reactor was operated for 252 d with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel acoustic imaging tool for monitoring the state of rapid sand filters

    A new technology based on acoustic waves is developed to monitor the state of sand filters used in drinking water treatment. Changes in the sand filter, due to the removal of suspended particles from the water and their accumulation in the pores, result in an increase of the bulk density and acoustic speed of the granular material. Consequently, the reflected acoustic response changes as the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological Cr(VI) removal using bio-filters and constructed wetlands

    The bioreduction of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution was carried out using suspended growth and packed-bed reactors under a draw-fill operating mode, and horizontal subsurface constructed wetlands. Reactors were inoculated with industrial sludge from the Hellenic Aerospace Industry using sugar as substrate. In the suspended growth reactors, the maximum Cr(VI) reduction rate (about 2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

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