Fluoride Removal Articles

  • The Case Against Fluoride - Book Review

    In depth review of the book "The Case Against Fluoride" with some solid evidence that fluoride added to drinking water is potentially dangerous to our health. You’ll find claims that fluoride is a product of the fertilizer industry and considered hazardous waste, it can weaken bones and may cause bone cancer, it affects the thyroid gland and may adversely affect brain development in ...


    By The Water Exchange

  • Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution by enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite

    In this work, enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite was prepared by treating chitosan/bentonite composite with concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl). The adsorption of fluoride ions from aqueous solution onto the enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite was investigated. Adsorption studies were performed in a batch system, and the effects of various parameters, such as the pH value of the solution, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot-scale fluoride-containing wastewater treatment by the ballasted flocculation process

    A pilot-scale ballasted flocculation system was used to remove fluoride from one type of industrial wastewater. The system included the formation of calcium fluoride (CaF2) using calcium hydroxide followed by coagulation sedimentation. Calcium fluoride was recycled as nuclei for enhancing CaF2 precipitation and as a ballasting agent for improving fluoride removal and flocculation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fluoride removal from drinking water in Senegal: laboratory and pilot experimentation on bone char-based treatment

    In Senegal there are four regions where fluoride concentration in drinking water exceeds the World Health Organization guide value of 1.5 mg/L. This generates permanent damages to the teeth (dental fluorosis) and to the skeleton (skeletal fluorosis). A safe, efficient, simple and low-cost effective defluoridation technique is not available yet and needs to be developed in order to prevent the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EM Pure Reverse Osmosis Systems

    The Problem More Dissolved Solids Than Desired In A Water Source Water is never completely free of dissolved solids. It contains varying amounts of impurities which are identified as hardness, alkalinity, minerals, inorganic salts, total dissolved solids or other items. Removal Of Unwanted Solids Suspended solids may be removed by ...


    By Filtronics, Incorporated

  • Project (in process) - thunderbird farms - Arizona arsenic & fluoride removal

    Background In 2008 AdEdge was selected by Atwell Hicks Engineers and Thunderbird Improvement district to provide a 500 gpm treatment system for this Arizona community serving 1,500 population to treat elevated levels of arsenic and fluoride. Non compliant levels are 13 ppb As and 3.20 mg/L F respectively. Raw water quality information is provided in the table below. Several options were ...

  • Particulate Venturi Scrubber System

    A precious metal refiner required the most advanced particulate scrubber to replace wet ESP for submicron particulate collection. Due to the very high gold prices, economic reasons were the driving force toward maximum removal efficiency. Macrotek was selected to design and install their ultra high efficiency flooded disc MVA scrubber. In addition to the high removal efficiency for submicron ...


    By Macrotek Inc.

  • Homemade bone charcoal adsorbent for defluoridation of groundwater in Thailand

    High levels of fluoride in groundwater are a significant environmental and health problem in Thailand, as in many parts of the world. Small household defluoridators have several advantages over centralized treatment systems. In Thailand, however, use of bone char for water treatment has met resistance because of objectionable taste and odours of the water produced and the social resistance to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fluoride reduction system for the reduction of fluorides from wastewaters

    Client: Major semiconductor fab; Santa Clara, CA. Industry: Semiconductor Manufacturing. Installation Date: May 2001. Objective: To reduce total fluorides and neutralize rinse waters and concentrated bath dumps from the fab area. Criteria and Limitations: Influent flow varies from 5,000 gpd to ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Child-education program for the reduction of health risks due to fluoride in water sources in the Chiang Mai Basin, Thailand

    Groundwater is the major source of drinking water in Lamphun Province in the Chiang Mai Basin, Thailand. However, groundwater contains high fluoride up to 16 mg F/L, which has caused dental and skeletal fluorosis. Although Thai Government installed RO membrane plants for the removal of fluoride from groundwater; and delivers RO-filtered bottled water that contains less fluoride than the Thai ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential of carbon nanotubes in water purification: an approach towards the development of an integrated membrane system

    The problems of water shortages and lack of access to safe drinking water have been and will continue to grow as major global problems. To alleviate these problems, water purification technologies are being updated. Recent years have witnessed impressive breakthroughs towards practical application of nanostructured materials such as Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) in the field of water purification owing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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