Forward Osmosis (FO) Articles

  • Application of forward osmosis membrane technology for oil sands process-affected water desalination

    The extraction process used to obtain bitumen from the oil sands produces large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). As a newly emerging desalination technology, forward osmosis (FO) has shown great promise in saving electrical power requirements, increasing water recovery, and minimizing brine discharge. With the support of this funding, a FO system was constructed using a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Forward osmosis desalination from laboratory to market

    A two-step forward osmosis (FO) desalination process combining both FO and reverse osmosis (RO) systems has been developed by the Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications at the University of Surrey and commercialised by Modern Water plc. In the FO + RO process seawater was used as feed water (FW) and a concentrated aqueous solution was used as a draw solution (DS). By taking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High strength domestic wastewater treatment with submerged forward osmosis membrane bioreactor

    Forward osmosis membranes are less prone to fouling with high rejection of salts, and the osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) can be considered as an innovative membrane technology for wastewater treatment. In this study, a submerged OMBR having a cellulose triacetate membrane, with the active layer facing the feed solution configuration, was operated at different organic loading rates (OLRs), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Concentrate of surfactant-based draw solutions in forward osmosis by ultrafiltration and nanofiltration

    The exploration of coupling surfactants with highly charged phosphate as novel draw solutions for forward osmosis (FO) to minimize salt leakage and enhance draw solute recovery at low energy is presented for the first time. In this work, anionic (sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)), cationic (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) and non-ionic (polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether, TX-100) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can saltwater quench our growing thirst?

    An increasingly water-stressed world takes a new look at desalination. It seems simple enough: Take the salt out of water so it’s drinkable. But it’s far more complex than it appears at first glance. It’s also increasingly crucial in a world where freshwater resources are progressively strained by population growth, development, droughts, ...


    By Ensia

  • Impacts of different draw solutions on a novel anaerobic forward osmosis membrane bioreactor (AnFOMBR)

    Two anaerobic forward osmosis (FO) membrane bioreactors (AnFOMBRs), Rchloride and Rsulfate, were operated for 100 days using NaCl and Na2SO4 as the draw solution, respectively. The operating conditions were identical for both systems, with a solids retention time of 30 d, hydraulic retention time of 8 h and using cellulose ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seawater desalination using forward osmosis process

    This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of the forward osmosis (FO) process for seawater desalination. The leakage of boron from the seawater into the draw solution was also studied. According to the WHO guideline, the maximum permissible limit of boron in drinking water is 2.4 ppm. Preliminary results of boron rejection by forward osmosis membrane were found to be 60–70%. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of draw solution type and operational mode of forward osmosis with laboratory-scale membranes and a spiral wound membrane module

    Forward osmosis (FO) is a concentration driven membrane process which recently gained an increase in attention due to the development of improved FO membranes. Most of the currently available data on FO research is obtained on small laboratory-scale set-ups, thereby overlooking the effects of scaling-up to pilot or full-scale size. In this paper, FO experiments are carried out with a 10.16 cm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water recovery from sewage using forward osmosis

    This research is part of the Sewer Mining project aimed at developing a new technological concept by extracting water from sewage by means of forward osmosis (FO). FO, in combination with a reconcentration system, e.g. reverse osmosis (RO) is used to recover high-quality water. Furthermore, the subsequent concentrated sewage (containing an inherent energy content) can be converted into a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental studies and modeling on concentration polarization in forward osmosis

    Concentration polarization (CP) is an important issue in forward osmosis (FO) processes and it is believed that the coupled effect of dilutive internal CP (DICP) and concentrative external CP (CECP) limits FO flux. The objective of this study was to distinguish individual contribution of different types of DICP and CECP via modeling and to validate it by pilot studies. The influence of DICP/CECP ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fouling propensity of forward osmosis: investigation of the slower flux decline phenomenon

    Forward Osmosis (FO) is a membrane process that uses the natural osmotic pressure of a concentrated draw solution to extract pure water from a feed stream. The attraction of the FO process is that it uses dense membranes, while operating at ambient pressure. This means that the FO process could potentially produce high quality water with lower energy consumption, as compared to the other ...


    By IWA Publishing

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