reverse osmosis fouling Articles

  • CSM fouling resistant reverse osmosis membranes

    This paper particularly deals with new fouling resistant RO membranes which are made more hydrophilic and less changed or charged with the same charge as the foulants to reduce hydrophobic interaction and charge attraction or to increase charge repulsion, respectively. The fouling resistant membranes manufactured by Woongjin Chemical in Korea are coated with hydrophilic monomers followed by ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis

    High levels of iron and manganese, along with large quantities of dissolved gases in the wells created concern for the viability of a conventional desalination design for the proposed City of Camarillo groundwater desalination facility. To identify viable pre-treatment process(es) for the control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis, a 12-month pilot study was undertaken. The pilot study ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Evaluating impact of fouling on reverse osmosis membranes performance

    Abstract Membrane fouling is commonly defined as an undesirable formation of deposits on mem- brane surfaces and it is considered a major problem in most brackish, seawater, and waste water reclamation applications. Depending on nature of the scale and foulant, fouling pro- cesses will lead to decreased membrane fluxes, increased pressures needs, and/or increased permeate conductivity. ...

  • Control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis

    High levels of iron and manganese, along with large quantities of dissolved gases in the wells created concern for the viability of a conventional desalination design for the proposed City of Camarillo groundwater desalination facility. To identify viable pre-treatment process(es) for the control of metal oxide fouling in reverse osmosis, a 12-month pilot study was undertaken. The pilot study ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Innovations in the inhibition of reverse osmosis membrane scaling and fouling

    Abstract: Scaling and fouling of membranes is an on-going performance issue for most plants. There are continual improvements in membrane technology and plant design which increase efficiency, water quality and utilise different raw water supplies to produce clean pure water. This presentation outlines innovations in laboratory services and speciality chemicals designed to inhibit membrane ...

  • Modification of a polyamide reverse osmosis membrane by heat treatment for enhanced fouling resistance

    The use of heat treatment to improve solute rejection and fouling resistance of a polyamide reverse osmosis (RO) membrane was investigated in this study. Heat treatment was carried out by immersing the membrane samples in Milli-Q water at 70 °C for a specific duration. Heat treatment (24 h) reduced the pure water permeability from 4.1 to 2.8 L/m2hbar but improved conductivity rejection ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization of direct-osmosis–high-salinity cleaning for reverse osmosis fouling control in water reuse

    This paper focuses on the systematic approach adopted towards optimizing the salt consumption when using direct-osmosis–high-salinity (DO-HS) cleaning method for RO membranes in water reuse application. Trials were carried out on a pilot RO system with a capacity of 50 m3/day. Initially, proof of concept for the DO-HS method in water reuse application was established wherein the profile of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Forward osmosis membrane fouling and cleaning for wastewater reuse

    Membrane fouling properties and different physical cleaning methods for forward osmosis (FO) and reverse osmosis (RO) laboratory-scale filtration systems were investigated. The membrane fouling, with respect to flux reduction, was lower in FO than in RO when testing an activated sludge effluent. Cross-flow velocity, air-scouring, osmotic backwashing and effect of a spacer were compared to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary study on novel backwash cleaning for reverse osmosis fouling control in water reuse

    We have demonstrated a novel backwash cleaning technique of direct osmosis (DO)-high salinity (HS) for reverse osmosis (RO) fouling control in water reuse. An UF-RO pilot system was continuously (24-h) operated on site with the secondary effluent as the feed over 4 months. The RO plant was run at 75% recovery and at the membrane flux of 17 l m−2 h−1 (LMH) to simulate the full scale NEWater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological filtration of poor quality brackish water reducing Reverse Osmosis membrane fouling

    Abstract A primary limitation in applying Reverse Osmosis (RO) is loss of performance caused by membrane fouling resulting from compounds that bacteria can use as energy or nutrient sources. When these compounds enter RO membranes, they are capable of sustaining extensive bacterial growths on the membrane sheets as well as within feed channel spacers. This leads to the entrapment of ...

  • Effect of pH level and acid type on total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN) retention and fouling of reverse osmosis membranes processing swine wastewater

    Wastewaters fed to reverse osmosis (RO) membranes sometimes need to be acidified to prevent inorganic fouling and increase total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN) retention. In this project, the effect of pH level (6.5–7.1) and acid type (HCl vs. H2SO4) on membrane fouling and cleaning as well as permeate flux and quality during the processing of swine wastewater with a spiral-wound RO membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Software warns of early membrane fouling

    A software system known as MASAR – Membrane Alarm System and Automated Reporter, is proving to be a valuable tool for monitoring and optimizing membrane – based water purification and desalination plants. It can detect the early development of membrane fouling/scaling in RO, NF, UF and MF systems by monitoring performance and measuring an early-warning parameter called the Fouling ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Rapid novel test for the determination of biofouling potential on reverse osmosis membranes

    A novel method was proposed to determine biofouling potential by direct analysis of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane through fluorescence intensity analysis of biofilm formed on the membrane surface, thereby incorporating fouling tendencies of both feedwater and membrane. Evaluation of the biofouling potential on the RO membrane was done by accelerated biofilm formation through soaking of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surface modification of reverse osmosis membranes with zwitterionic polymer to reduce biofouling

    The zwitterionic homopolymer poly[2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide was coated onto the surface of commercial polyamide reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. Aqueous solutions of the polymer at different concentrations were applied to modify the polyamide membranes through an in situ surface coating procedure. After membrane modification, cross-flow filtration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-Time Membrane Fouling Monitoring

    The Port Hueneme Water Agency (PHWA) has been operating a municipal drinking water treatment plant designed to be a Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility. The facility consists of 3 separate side-by-side full scale systems or trains, each representing a major membrane separation process: nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO) and electro dialysis reversal (EDR). Both the NF and RO ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Death, Taxes . . . and RO Membrane Fouling

    Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) systems is as all pervasive and inevitable as the common cold. Avoidance is just as hit-or-miss: wash your hands, don't get your feet wet and hope for the best. The many unseen factors influencing whether a person becomes ill parallel the many variables that determine the onset and severity of fouling in a membrane system. Design, operation, and ...


  • Desalination and water recovery: control of membrane fouling

    Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) technologies are widely used for the production of safe drinking water, and for the recovery of reusable water from various industrial effluent streams. The most commonly encountered phenomenon in these processes, especially in water recovery application, is membrane fouling, and control of membrane fouling is regarded as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cleaning clay (aluminosilicates) from fouled membranes

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance. The major constituents of foulants found on the first position during six years of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory are clay minerals chemically known as aluminosilicates. Clay is a naturally occurring material found in all RO feed waters ...

  • Air/water cleaning for the control of particulate fouling

    Fouling of feed spacers in spiral wound membrane elements due to particulate fouling and biofouling is one of the main operational problems of nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membrane plants. Removal of particulate fouling from spiral wound membrane elements is investigated using frequent air/water cleaning (AWC). In a pilot setup two spiral wound elements were operated in parallel and were fed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of a bench-scale membrane fouling protocol to determine fouling propensities of membranes during full-scale water reuse applications

    There is increasing interest in recycling wastewater effluents for augmentation of existing water supplies. The treatment of wastewater effluents by an integrated membrane system, such as microfiltration pre-treatment followed by reverse osmosis, is the industry standard for groundwater recharge or reservoir augmentation projects. Membrane fouling, especially effluent organic matter fouling, is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

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