Laboratory Water Articles

  • Beyond Laboratory Research on White Rust and Passivation

    EVAPCO initiated an in-depth study to investigate the formation and control of white rust. This study, which began over three years ago, led to the development of industry-leading research equipment specifically designed to evaluate white rust formation on evaporative heat transfer surfaces. A small-scale closed circuit cooler was designed and built to replicate the dynamic conditions ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Waters 2017 Food Testing Application Notes Booklet

    Abstract / Summary Waters is a leader in developing food and water quality testing systems that incorporate analytical standards and reagents, sample preparation products, chromatographic columns, instrumentation, and data management software. Our comprehensive solutions offer food and beverage laboratories the tools needed to check compliance with food and ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Hydraulic characterization and transient response of pressure reducing valves: laboratory experiments

    A pressure reducing valve (PRV) regulates the outlet pressure regardless of the fluctuating flow and varying inlet pressure, thereby reducing leakage and mitigating the stress on the downstream water distribution network (WDN). Notwithstanding the crucial importance of PRVs, few experimental data are available in the literature. The aim of this paper is to overcome this gap by means of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The modelling of lead removal from water by deep eutectic solvents functionalized CNTs: artificial neural network (ANN) approach

    The main challenge in the lead removal simulation is the behaviour of non-linearity relationships between the process parameters. The conventional modelling technique usually deals with this problem by a linear method. The substitute modelling technique is an artificial neural network (ANN) system, and it is selected to reflect the non-linearity in the interaction among the variables in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Permeation testing of PET bottles in the production of mineral water - Case Study

    S.Pellegrino mineral water is recognized globally as one of the leading mineral waters on the market. Flowing from a thermal springs in the heart of the Orobic Alps, its properties were known and appreciated since the thirteenth century. In the late nineteenth century it reached peak popularity. In response to the growing demand for entire cases of water from the springs in 1899 the modern ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Laboratory- and full-scale studies on the removal of pharmaceuticals in an aerated constructed wetland: effects of aeration and hydraulic retention time on the removal efficiency and assessment of the aquatic risk

    Pharmaceutical residues in wastewater pose a challenge to wastewater treatment technologies. Constructed wetlands (CWs) are common wastewater treatment systems in rural areas and they discharge often in small water courses in which the ecology can be adversely affected by the discharged pharmaceuticals. Hence, there is a need for studies aiming to improve the removal of pharmaceuticals in CWs. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New hybrid reactor concept incorporating a filter mesh for nitritation–anammox treatment of sludge return liquid

    A new approach to perform partial nitritation–anammox in a single tank was investigated. The tank incorporated a mesh (opening size 1.0 × 1.2 mm) as permeable barrier to create two distinct reaction zones (aerated and anoxic). The study reports on the operation and optimization of a 13 L laboratory scale reactor to treat sludge reject water with an NH4-N concentration of ∼750 mg·L−1. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An optical method for characterizing carbon content in ceramic pot filters

    Ceramic pot filter (CPF) technology is a relatively common means of household water treatment in developing areas, and performance characteristics of CPFs have been characterized using production CPFs, experimental CPFs fabricated in research laboratories, and ceramic disks intended to be CPF surrogates. There is evidence that CPF manufacturers do not always fire their products according to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Laboratory test report - the effect of scale formation on heat transfer coils

    Background EVAPCO, Inc. recently introduced new Evaporative Condensers and Closed Circuit Coolers which utilize extended surface coils. For decades extended “fin” surfaces have been used on heat transfer coils, often referred to as “finned coils” primarily in an effort to increase dry capacity. However, in the past the fin material was limited to carbon steel tubes ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Tipping Back an “Interesting” Pint

    How about a nice tall glass of ice-cold beer… made from recycled sewage water? Did you hesitate? Well, now let’s think about it: most breweries use some combination of hops, malted barley, yeast, and…. well… clean water! But beer from recycled wastewater? That’s exactly what took place March 19-10 at the 2017 WateReuse California Annual Conference in San Diego. ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Swabbing Water Lines – A Better Level of Water Awareness

    We know that biofilm is a tricky thing. It grows quickly, harbors bacteria, protects that bacteria from cleaning agents, and then releases those bacteria back into the water, potentially causing severe health issues. We clean and sanitize regularly to try to keep it controlled, but how can we know how much bacteria are actually inside the pipes? Doing a drip sample gives us just a vague idea. ...


    By Valco Companies, Inc

  • Hot water boiler system benefits for Sialex®Ring - Case Study

    There has been and still remains a degree of skepticism associated with a device to seemingly deliver results but with: No-visible power source  No-consumables to be added No by-products generated This sums up Sialex®Ring! Yet this is exactly the fact. Laboratory tests have their benefits, but when a laboratory test tries to re-create the ...


    By Phoenix Ring Manufaktur UG

  • Hg removal and the effects of coexisting metals in forward osmosis and membrane distillation

    In this study, we investigate the rejection of Hg, Cd, and Pb and the effect of coexisting metals on Hg removal through forward osmosis (FO) and membrane distillation (MD) in order to establish a more effective water treatment process. The results of our laboratory experiment indicate that more than 97% of the rejection for each metal is achieved through the FO system, and this rejection is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Faster, more accurate test results for water analysis

    The future is bright for a Guelph company whose innovative water-quality monitoring technology is helping industries and municipalities save millions of dollars while better protecting the environment. MANTECH manufactures water analysis systems that provide faster, more accurate test results while using environmentally-friendly methods. Incorporated in 2010, MANTECH has worked with Innovation ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Building a Perfect Purification Platform

    Dart NeuroScience is one of the largest privately owned biotech companies in San Diego with around 250 employees – and we have an interesting focus: memory. More specifically, our aim is to develop new technologies and therapies that can maintain or improve memory function and cognitive vitality. Much of our research is built on the work of ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Laboratory efficacy and field effectiveness of hollow fiber membrane microfilters used for household water treatment in Honduras

    The Sawyer PointONE™ hollow fiber membrane filter is increasingly promoted for long-term household water treatment in developing countries. Limited data demonstrate PointONE™ microbiological laboratory efficacy and short-term diarrheal disease reduction among users, but household microbiological data is lacking. To compare laboratory and household PointONE™ filter microbiological performance, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) - Case Study

    TRA-63 (TRA-605 Warm Waste Line) Failure of Underground 4-Inch Radioactive Warm Waste Pipe and Leakage Discovered During Waste Piping Replacement Construction Project Quick Facts: Pipe Material: Duriron Pipe Pipe Diameter: 4 inches Hole Size: ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Treatment of urea manufacturing facility effluent by Hopea odorata and Khaya ivorensis

    Phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly and sustainable alternative for treatment of nitrogen-enriched wastewaters. In this study, Ta-khian (Hopea odorata) and Lagos mahogany (Khaya ivorensis), two tropical timber plants, were investigated for their performances in treatment of urea manufacturing factory effluent with high nitrogen (N) content. Plant seedlings ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How a contract research lab advanced its polymer characterization capabilities

    Realizing the Advantages of Ultra-High-Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography Compared to GPC Intertek is a global provider of quality and safety services designed to help businesses improve products, assets and processes, overcome market constraints and reduce risks. From auditing and inspection, to testing, training, and certification, Intertek enables customers to meet end ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Guide To Coolant In Oil Test Methods

    Liquid cooled engines and rotating equipment use glycol based coolants because of their excellent heat transfer abilities. However, glycol based coolants are not desirable at all in lubrication oil itself – Coolant ingression to the lubricant is a particularly nasty contaminant for the variety of damage it can cause. Glycol coolants break down in the high temperature engine environment, ...


    By Spectro Scientific

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