Marine Oil Spill Articles

  • The Three Basic Parameters for How to Address Oil / Hydrocarbon Based Material Spills

    The most basic quesAon to ask in regards to oil spills is, why do you clean them up? Very few people get the reason why you clean up an oil spill. The reason you clean up an oil spill is to reduce the toxicity of the oil to the environment so that living organisms can survive/ live. If single celled organisms can live in the environment, then generally ...

  • Effects of chemical dispersant and seasonal conditions on the fate of spilled oil – modelling of a hypothetical spill near Saint John, NB

    The proposed Energy East pipeline project has raised concerns about potential oil spills in Saint John, New Brunswick. While environmental conditions could pose challenges for using mechanical recovery methods if a spill occurs, chemical dispersant could be an alternative. However, the application of chemical dispersant in shallow water and costal zones remains an issue of debate. Furthermore, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Skimmer technology - An appraisal of mop skimmer technology case study

    Skimmer technology offers many alternative types such as mop, disc, drum, brush, belt, tube or weir skimmers. 1.0 Background A World patent was awarded to Shell international in 1967, for the use of a continuous belt of material, synthetic or otherwise, which would remove oil from the surface of water, by means of adsorption or absorption. From that time until the ...

  • Offshore oil spill clean up case study

    In the event of a major incident occurring offshore, for example a tanker casualty running aground or breaking up for any reason, it is of paramount importance to deploy emergency response to protect and save human life. Once this has been done an assessment of the casualty should be made on whether it is possible to salvage the vessel and its contents and to assess the type and amount of oil ...

  • Oil Spill Eater II used on another shoreline spill in Estancia Philippines

    “A significant spill of heavy oil (bunker C type) occurred when Power Barge No. 103 ran aground at the shores of Estancia during the height of typhoon Haiyan. Between 21 and 23 November, environment experts from the Philippines Environmental Management Bureau visited the site of the oil spill together with a United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) environment expert, ...

  • Position Brief on oil and gas development of the Arctic

    Background The Arctic Circle encompasses roughly 6% of the earth’s surface. Wetlands make up about 60% of the total Arctic land mass and are the predominant ecosystem, however they are not well defined or understood. Arctic wetlands provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as the maintenance of permafrost, hydrology and water quality. Arctic wetlands have the highest ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Case study - Public-private partnership successfully tests leakwise early oil spill detection sensor in the tidal Delaware river

    Background In the summer of 2011, the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collaborated with GE Analytical Instruments on a unique test deployment of an oil sheen sensor in the tidal Delaware River. The idea for the test deployment arose during meetings of the Delaware River and Bay Oil Spill Advisory Committee, which includes organizations and ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Quantifying population‐level risks using an individual‐based model: Sea otters, Harlequin Ducks, and the Exxon Valdez oil spill

    Ecological risk assessments need to advance beyond evaluating risks to individuals that are largely based on toxicity studies conducted on a few species under laboratory conditions, to assessing population‐level risks to the environment, including considerations of variability and uncertainty. Two individual‐based models (IBMs), recently developed to assess current risks to sea otters and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Oil Spill Eater, Solution Oil Spillage in Niger Delta

    Oil Spill Eater II is the name of a non-toxic product which provides the means for moving oil spill response out of its 19th Century methodology into the realm of advanced technological 21st Century breakthroughs for addressing and remediating 100% of any spill in any environment.  In comparison, current response methods employed by three major oil companies - BP, Exxon and Shell - are ...

  • Trans-boundary marine oil pollution and its international legal aspects

    Marine pollution control is a sensitive topic, which has gained importance recently due to crude oil spills which in turn has led to many recent international legal developments. This paper examines the effectiveness of international marine laws in imputing liability and calculating damages where more than one nation is affected. The main international agreements covering the international marine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air Monitoring for the Gulf Oil Spill

    Ambient air monitoring is a priority in the ongoing efforts to contain and manage the oil spill from the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico. The following provides information about the kinds of airborne contaminants that are currently being monitored in the Gulf, how they are collected and how they are analyzed. For a given project, a suitable sampling plan – developed by ...


  • Cardiff Harbour Authority, UK

    The regeneration of Cardiff Bay created a complementary development of housing, leisure, business and commerce - however they had a problem. Debris, rubbish and invasive aquatic weed was entering the bay from two rivers (approx 500 hectres water space). Cardiff Harbour Authority launched a competitive tender for a range of equipment to undertake a wide range of environmental responsibilities. ...


  • Empirical data and optimal monitoring policies: the case of four Russian sea harbours

    In this paper, we describe the present state of empirical information about oil spills and oil monitoring activities in Russian harbours. We explain how we gathered, organised, and estimated the data needed to run the monitoring efforts optimisation model of Deissenberg et al. (2001). We present, analyse, and discuss the results of the optimisations carried out with this model on the basis of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A dynamic model of optimal reduction of marine oil pollution

    This paper proposes a system of dynamic models to describe the interactive behaviour of different agents (polluters, inspectors, and a principal pollution control agency) involved in the processes of marine oil pollution and of its prevention and purification, under some realistic assumptions. In particular, short- and long-term economic responses of polluters to monitoring efforts, as well as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prevention of Oil Spill Pollution in Seawater Using Locally Available Materials

    Abstract Oil spill pollution a severe environmental problem, which persists in marine environment or in inland water across the world, has grown to an alarming magnitude with increased levels of oil production and transport. Causes of it is either accidental or due to operation wherever oil is produced, transported, stored and used on sea or land. Hence, it is almost impossible for marine life ...


  • Do Oil Companies have an Environmental Conscience?

    Sobering Results in the First Environmental-Rating of the Oil and Gas Industry The first Environmental-Rating of thirteen international oil and gas companies did not produce a clear environmental leader. All of the companies rated were found to be in the bottom third of the rating scale that ranges from A+ to D-. A group of four companies leads the ranking list with a C in the ...


    By oekom research AG

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