Media Filtration Articles

  • 5 Common questions about fluoride in water

    Fluoride in water can be both naturally occurring, or artificially added. In the latter case, this is usually with the objective of aiding oral hygiene in populated areas. Because of its controlled addition in many water systems around the world, it has become associated with a number of different controversies, myths and confusion. Whether you are interested in monitoring fluoride in ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • New Zealand plant growth trials in rapid bio-filtration media

    Media used in rapid bio-filtration devices have hydraulic conductivity rates exceeding 2,500 mm/hr. Stormwater360 New Zealand has partnered with Contech Engineered Solutions (USA) to produce a rapid bio-filtration medium using locally available materials. Current bio-filtration guidance limits the hydraulic conductivity of media to less than 300 mm/hr to support plant growth. Using a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organic matter removal in bio-filters to achieve biologically stable water downstream of the process

    Organic removal contaminants reclamation has increased over the past years as it has many advantages over other treatments. Product water from water treatment plants can be chemically complex resulting in physical and biological changes during transportation in the distribution systems. The general aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of biofilters for reducing the concentration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technology for treatment of groundwater simultaneously containing iron, manganese, ammonium and organic matter

    The groundwater used as drinking water often contains unacceptable amounts of iron and manganese compounds and ammonium ions. These substances are efficiently removed using conventional technologies (aeration and filtration through granular media filters). However, the efficiency is drastically reduced for water containing considerable amounts of organic matter, which usually enters the water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Manganese oxidation and bacterial diversity on different filter media coatings during the start-up of drinking water biofilters

    Manganese removal is a typical concern in drinking water production. Biofiltration may be used when treating groundwater sources but the onset of manganese removal in virgin biofilters can vary considerably. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different filter media on manganese oxidation and bacterial diversity in biofilters during the start-up. The onset of manganese ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot study of oilfield wastewater treatment by micro-flocculation filtration process

    In order to meet the latest Environmental Protection Law of China on wastewater discharge standards, this paper studied a pilot-scale micro-flocculation filtration pretreatment process for the treatment of oilfield wastewater. The experiment showed that the removal rate of oil and suspended solids (SS) respectively increased from 91.52% to 95.38% and from 66.42% to 97.19%. After the treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What water filtration system do I need?

    Water is abundantly available on the surface of the Earth. But do you know only 10% of the water is consumable, and the rest of the water is not usable? As the population is rapidly growing, the need for the consumable water is also growing. This increasing need for water has resulted in a scarcity of water in different regions. In such cases, the only solution is to reuse the ...

  • Biofiltration optimization: phosphorus supplementation effects on disinfection byproduct formation potential

    This study investigates the effects of phosphorus supplementation on the formation potential of total trihalomethanes (TTHMfp) and five species of haloacetic acids (HAA5fp) during exposure to clearwell disinfection contact times. In addition, the study investigates the effects of phosphorus supplementation on the dissolved oxygen, organic carbon and nitrogen removal along with biofilm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 2: Filter Longevity and Filter Selection

    Last month, we described the considerations associated with predicting filter service life and how total throughput can be estimated through experimentation.  In this second installment, we will examine four filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous-use applications. These aspects consider chemical compatibility, temperature, binding characteristics, and pore ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Greywater treatment by granular filtration system using volcanic tuff and gravel media

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a granular filtration system (GFS) in greywater treatment under arid and semi-arid conditions. Six GFSs were designed, constructed, and monitored for approximately 13 months. Each GFS served a single rural Jordanian home by treating their greywater. Volcanic tuff media were used as the filtration media in three of the GFSs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Considering energy efficiency in filtration of engineering nanoparticles

    Engineering nanoparticles (ENPs) are an integral part of consumer products. Released to the atmosphere or disposed to sewage, ENPs quickly penetrate to surface and ground water sources. An absence of a dedicated ENP-retaining water treatment strategy imposes a potential health threat on drinking water consumers. The threat is met by gearing up an upgrade of treatment systems towards membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the water purification efficiency of two different flocculation-sediment-filtration (FSF) processes in Chaohu Lake in China

    A novel biofilter (BF) with the potential to improve pollutant removal when used as a substitute for sand filters in water purification processes is presented. To investigate BF's pollutant removal performance, a flocculation-sediment-biofiltration (FSBF) process was compared with a flocculation-sediment-sand filtration (FSSF) process on a lab scale, with water collected from Chaohu Lake. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What can I use to filter my mobile phase?

    If you are using mobile phase that contains salts or, generally, any components that are weighed out for its preparation, you will need to filter the solution before using with HPLC or UHPLC. The most common type of filtration is membrane microfiltration. We sell an extensive group of products for this and they are discussed very well in a blog ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Low-temperature effects on the removal of soluble manganese in MnOx(s)-coated media systems

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of low-temperature conditions in potentially impacting soluble Mn2+ removal in MnOx(s)-coated media systems. The study involved an extensive examination of water quality and process data for a 10-year period (2005–2014) from the Harwood's Mill Water Treatment Plant in Newport News, VA. Additionally, laboratory-scale shallow depth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • One step, low pH iron and organics removal - Case Study

    Review For over seven years, the semiconductor facility performed routine on-site cleans of their reverse osmosis (RO) membranes using RoClean P111 with good results. However, over a six month period in 2015, membrane cleaning frequency increased to once a month and permeate flows could not be sufficiently restored. An Avista application specialist visited the site to personally monitor the ...


    By Avista Technologies, Inc.

  • Effect of filter media thickness on the performance of sand drying beds used for faecal sludge management

    The effect of sand filter media thickness on the performance of faecal sludge (FS) drying beds was determined in terms of: dewatering time, contaminant load removal efficiency, solids generation rate, nutrient content and helminth eggs viability in the dried sludge. A mixture of ventilated improved pit latrine sludge and septage in the ratio 1:2 was dewatered using three pilot-scale sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceresco Dam Case Study

    Global was contracted by Terra Contracting Services, LLC to serve as Water Treatment Specialists in response to the 2010 Enbridge Oil Spill along the Kalamazoo River. An energy pipeline rupture caused 877,000 gallons of heavy crude oil to spill into Talmadge Creek in Calhoun County, Michigan, which flows into the Kalamazoo River. Global engineered a processing plant for material and slurry ...


    By Global Treatment Solutions

  • Predicting the performance of multi-media filters using artificial neural networks

    The impact of flow rate and turbidity on the performance of multi-media filtration has been studied using an artificial neural network (ANN) based model. The ANN model was developed and tested based on experimental data collected from a pilot scale multi-media filter system. Several ANN models were tested, and the best results with the lowest errors were achieved with two hidden layers and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coating techniques for glass beads as filter media for removal of manganese from water

    Dry as well as wet coating techniques were developed to coat glass beads as filter media to remove manganese from water. For dry coating, powdered manganese oxide ore was fixed on the media surface. Wet coating was achieved by depositing synthetic manganese oxides onto the bead surface. The media were characterized by electron microscopy as well as by testing the removal of Mn2+ in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filtration media: Shapes and manufacturing processes

    The shape of the filtration media and the production process directly affect the absorption capacity of the granulate and consequently the efficiency of filtration. Granules in the shape of a pellet (cylinder) do not facilitate such a high degree of compaction as spherical granules, so that the passage of the air flow becomes easier, ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

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