membrane performance Articles

  • The effect of wastewater pretreatment on nanofiltration membrane performance

    Membrane fouling is considered a serious obstacle for operation and cost efficiency in wastewater treatment using nanofiltration (NF). However, pretreatment is the most practical way to reduce this prior to NF. In this research, two types of wastewaters were pretreated with different methods prior to NF to examine the effect of pretreatment on membrane fouling in terms of turbidity, chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Retention of humic acid from water by nanofiltration membrane and influence of solution chemistry on membrane performance

    Membrane technology and the related separation systems such as reverse osmosis (RO) and nanfiltration (NF) membranes are now widely recognized as the best technologies for water treatment (Zularisam et al., 2006). However, fouling remains as one of the major challenges in membrane applications. Fouling of RO and NF membranes causes  significant loss of productivity and added operational ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Biofouling Plant Performance

    The City of Clifton, Colorado, designed and built a 2.4 million gallons per day nanofiltration plant to treat Colorado river water and supply the city and nearby areas with drinking water. The plant was partially started in September 1997 with NF Skid 1. It was shutdown in the Spring of 1998 due to low river TDS. The plant was re-started in August 1998. Shortly after, Skid 1 was cleaned after ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Maximizing membrane life: lessons learned from a three year study on performance recovery

    Abstract Reverse Osmosis (RO) membranes are susceptible to several different types of foulants and scales. Common foulants observed in RO systems are organics, metals, clays and colloidal material. Common scales that are observed are carbonate, phosphate, sulfate and silica. Onsite cleaning is the norm to remove these foulants and scales but sometimes a desire for cleaning optimization or ...


    By Avista Technologies

  • Phosphorus removal using nanofiltration membranes

    A high concentration of phosphorus in wastewater may lead to excessive algae growth and de-oxygenation of the water. In this work, nanofiltration (NF) of phosphorus-rich solutions is studied in order to investigate its potential in removing and recycling phosphorus. Wastewater samples from a pulp and paper plant were first analyzed. Commercial membranes (DK5, MPF34, NF90, NF270, NF200) were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

  • Performance Comparison of RO and NF Systems

    The nanofiltration train (NF-A) and reverse osmosis train (RO-A) at Port Hueneme Brackish Reclamation Demonstration Facility in Southern California have both suffered from biofouling since startup in November 1998 until the plant implemented a raw water chloramination scheme in June 2000 (around 13,500 hours of operation). Moreover, the nanofiltration membrane elements also suffered from a ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Removal of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in groundwater by nanofiltration membrane

    Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is very persistent in the environment and resistant to typical degradation processes. PFOA has been widely used in surface-active agents and as an emulsifier in several products and can contaminate groundwater. Groundwater is considered as an important source of water; hence removal of PFOA contamination in groundwater is needed. This study aimed to examine the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Role of membranes and activated carbon in the removal of endocrine disruptors

    As part of an American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AwwaRF) research project to evaluate conventional and advanced treatment processes for the removal of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals (Project #2758), several experiments were conducted using membranes and activated carbon. A series of dynamic flow-through membrane experiments were performed at pilot- and full-scale to ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Performance of chlorination process during nanofiltration of sulfonamide antibiotic

    The effectiveness of combined nanofiltration and disinfection processes was studied by comparing the pre-disinfection and post-disinfection when in combination with nanofiltration. Four types of sulfonamide (sulfanilamide, sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfadimethoxine) were chosen as substrates, with sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant. A laboratory-scale nanofiltration system was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Diafiltration of polymers with VSEP provides unprecedented performance and product quality with no pretreatment

    Recent technological advances in membrane architecture and system design have created a new opportunity for efficient diafiltration or desalting of various organic polymers and inorganic chemicals. V✧SEP, (Vibratory Shear Enhanced Process), developed by New Logic makes it possible to wash larger solutes and remove smaller contaminant solutes without the fouling problems exhibited by ...


    By New Logic Research, Inc.

  • Treatment of dyeing effluent from tannery using membrane separation processes

    Treatment of a dyeing bath of a tannery was carried out using a hybrid membrane-based separation scheme consisting of Nanofiltration (NF) followed by Reverse Osmosis (RO). Experiments were conducted using a cross-flow cell in continuous mode. The performance criteria of the separation scheme were evaluated in terms of dye concentration, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Synthesis and characterization of composite polysulfone membranes for desalination in nanofiltration technique

    Composite nanofiltration (NF) membrane was developed polyacrylic acid (PAA) in situ UV graft polymerization process using ultrafiltration (UF) polysulfone (PSF) membrane as porous support. FT-IR spectra indicated that grafting was performed and it show peaks at 1,732 cm−1 and 3,396 cm−1 region for CO and OH starching bond of acrylic acid (AA) monomer, respectively. AFM microscopy showed the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of flux decline during membrane filtration of leather plant effluent

    A membrane-based scheme has been proposed for the treatment of leather plant effluent. The effluent coming out from the various steps of leather plant are combined and Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) are adopted. Performances of two NF membranes are evaluated. Experiments are conducted using an unstirred batch cell. It is observed that a combined operation of NF using 400 MWCO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combination of microalgae cultivation with membrane processes for the treatment of municipal wastewater

    The treatment of wastewater by microalgae cultivation has attracted more and more attention. However, the way to harvest microalgae cells from the wastewater and the treatment of the large quantity of residual solution have become critical issues. In this work, a new approach for the treatment of municipal wastewater is presented. The combination of flocculation for removing mainly microalgae ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane process treatment for greywater recycling: investigations on direct tubular nanofiltration

    On-site greywater recycling and reuse is one of the main ways to reduce potable water requirement in urban areas. Direct membrane filtration is a promising technology to recycle greywater on-site. This study aimed at selecting a tubular nanofiltration (NF) membrane and its operating conditions in order to treat and reuse greywater in buildings. To do so, a synthetic greywater (SGW) was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane technology applied to acid mine drainage from copper mining

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the treatment of high-strength acid mine drainage (AMD) from copper mining by nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) at pilot scale. The performances of two commercial spiral-wound membranes – NF99 and RO98pHt, both from Alfa Laval – were compared. The effects of pressure and feed flow on ion rejection and permeate flux were evaluated. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane treatment of the bleaching plant (EPO) filtrate of a kraft pulp mill

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of membrane technology to treat oxygen and peroxide-reinforced extraction stage (EPO) filtrate from a kraft pulp mill bleach plant. Three different types of tubular membranes were tested in a pilot plant: (i) tight ultrafiltration (UF); (ii) open UF followed by nanofiltration (UF + NF); and (iii) nanofiltration (NF). According to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the low pressure RO and NF membranes for an alternative tyreatment of Buyukcekmece Lake

    The recent development of new generation LPRO and LPNF membranes has received attention for application in the field of wastewater and water treatment through an increasingly stringent regulation for drinking water purposes and water reclamation. This paper presents the pilot scale membrane separation studies on Buyukcekmece Lake in Istanbul with low pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO) and low ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organic micro-pollutants’ removal via anaerobic membrane bioreactor with ultrafiltration and nanofiltration

    The removal of 15 organic micro-pollutants (OMPs) in synthetic municipal wastewater was investigated in a laboratory-scale mesophilic anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) using ultrafiltration and AnMBR followed by nanofiltration (NF), where powdered activated carbon (PAC) was added to enhance OMPs removal. No significant effects of OMPs spiking and NF connection on bulk organics removal and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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