sanitary sewer main Articles

  • A simplified method for estimating chemical oxygen demand (COD) fractions

    A simplified method is presented for estimating chemical oxygen demand (COD) fractions. Its effectiveness was assessed by comparing different values found in literature. This case study considered two main sanitary sewer collection systems in Bogotá, Colombia. The results showed important differences in COD fractions between the sewer collection systems and the reference data. The method ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Latah creek sanitary sewer main repair, Spokane, Washington - Case Study

    A SEEMINGLY simple kid’s prank of throwing rocks and other material down a storm drain resulted in a major emergency repair job to prevent the collapse of a 42-in. sanitary sewer main in Spokane, Washington. In a short period of time, a group of kids completely blocked an 18-in. pipe leading to the city’s combined sanitary/ storm drain system. The drain soon began to overflow, sending ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Low pressure sewer system for affluent existing neighborhood

    The River Oaks subdivision is an affluent, mature residential community located in Fairfax, County Virginia which includes 114 existing single family dwelling units with individual septic tank drainfields. The Fairfax County Health Department determined that several drainfields have failed and expressed concern that others would soon fail. In order to prevent the health and environmental problems ...

  • How Tempe Controls Manhole Odors

    Untitled Document Summary: The adjacent cities of Tempe and Mesa, Arizona, rely on a combined wastewater collection system comprising 434 miles of sanitary sewer lines and more ...


    By Calgon Carbon Corporation

  • Pipeline Replacement without System Shutdown

    ABSTRACT According to one estimate there is over 4.2 billion feet of wastewater pipeline in the United States. The nation’s sanitary sewer system is increasing in size and the existing infrastructure is aging. Currently, there are almost 20,000 municipal collection systems building and maintaining these critical pipelines. A good portion of the pipe conduit is under attack by one or more of ...

  • A Wise Choice Made 30 Years Ago

    In the early 1980s, decision makers in charge of the City of Vaudreuil-Dorion infrastructures had a sense of vision and made a responsible choice for the lasting benefit of the tax payers. A vision that would ensure durable infrastructures for over 30 years. The technical services, in cooperation with the public works department, decided a major shift for products to be used in ...


    By IPEX, Inc.

  • Determination of Fecal Coliform Loading and its Impact on River Water Quality for TMDL Development

    ABSTRACTThe reach of Red River of the North flowing through the Cities of Fargo, ND and Moorhead, MN has been impaired due to the fecal coliform. Analyses of water quality samples and rainfall data showed that high coliform concentration in the river was related to rain events, and runoffs from the urban areas are major sources of fecal coliform contamination. To determine the fecal coliform ...

  • Another Sewer from Hell - The City of Richmond, British Columbia, Canada Experience

    ABSTRACTThe City of Richmond has a population of approximately 180,000 and is located on a flood plain at approximately sea level. These physical attributes present numerous challenges with underground utility design, including sanitary sewers. On January 21, 2005 the City declared a local state of emergency near the intersection of No. 3 Road at Cook Road due to the development of a large ...

  • Rehabilitation of a Large Semi-Elliptical Sewer

    ABSTRACTThe Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) own, operate, and maintain a wastewater treatment and collection system that includes approximately 1300 miles of sanitary sewers ranging from 6 to 144 inches in diameter. A portion of the Districts’ Joint Outfall “A” Trunk Sewer was constructed of cast-in-place reinforced concrete having a semi-elliptical cross section and ...

  • Continuous Modeling of Wet Weather Strategies Annual Water Quality Results Support a Municipality’s Decision-Making Process

    ABSTRACTAn extensive water quality modeling effort for the City of Columbus Long Term Control Plan (LTCP) was performed in order to evaluate future scenarios to abate combined sewer overflows. This modeling effort was supported by a massive data collection program and employed three different models to analyze the receiving streams. Once the models were selected and calibrated, continuous annual ...

  • Dynamic Modeling of Wet Weather Operations at Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant

    ABSTRACTThe District of Columbia’s Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant at Blue Plains is a 370-mgd facility that provides wastewater treatment for over 2 million people in Washington, DC and surrounding jurisdictions in Maryland and Virginia. Blue Plains receives combined sewer flows that originate in the District’s combined sewer system. Two separate activated sludge processes provide removal of ...

  • Lessons Learned from Large Diameter Sanitary Sewer Pipe Bursting Project: Conversion of Abandoned Gravity Sewer Main Into Upsized Sanitary Force Main South San Francisco, CA

    ABSTRACTAs an increasing number of large diameter pipe bursting jobs are attempted, more is being learned about the capabilities and potential of pneumatic pipe bursting. The large diameter pipe bursting project in South San Francisco is one of the most challenging and innovative bursting projects ever attempted in North America. It is being heralded as a landmark pipe bursting job. ...

  • An Update on the Columbus Wet Weather Management Plan

    ABSTRACTUndergoing a system wide program for a metropolitan area of over 1 million people to address SSOs is a challenge. The same can be said for addressing CSOs throughout a system. Columbus is addressing both at once, creating a particularly daunting challenge. Columbus submitted one large report, the Wet Weather Management Plan (WWMP), to the Ohio EPA on July 1, ...

  • Bayview Community - Wastewater Treatment System

    Formed just after the Civil War, “Bayview” is a 300 year‐old predominately African American community. The residents of the community organized and created the Bayview Citizens for Social Justice In 1998. The group formed partnerships to improve the lives of the community by installing a water and wastewater treatment system. Funding came from multiple Federal. State and County ...


    By BioMicrobics, Inc.

  • Quantifying Sub-Surface Discharges from Individual Sewer Defects

    ABSTRACTThe California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Santa Ana Region (RWQCB) required wastewater collection agencies in Orange County to report discharges from “pipe breaks, leaking sewer pipes and joints, and other subsurface discharges of wastewater.” The Orange County Sanitation District (OCSD), in conjunction with a research team from University of California, Irvine (UCI), developed ...

  • Maximazing Operational Capacity for Outfall Sewers through Innovative Design

    ABSTRACTThe City of Lincoln, Nebraska has undertaken a strategy to accelerate development of infrastructure systems for critical areas of the community, with the goal of nearly doubling the development rate for those areas. The Little Salt Creek drainage basin is a growing service area which includes over 3,000 acres of developed land and ultimately 5,300 acres in all. The majority of the ...

  • Backreaming through rock — with AXIS Guided Boring System

    Taking on a challenge is nothing out of the ordinary for the experienced trenchless installation experts at Midwest Mole. Since its founding in 1982, the Indianapolis-based contactor has earned a reputation for installation innovation; overcoming obstacles and defying the odds. So, these trenchless pros didn’t hesitate to take on another challenge despite the recognition that they would ...


    By Vermeer

  • NFPA 820 Compliance in Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Wastewater treatment plants are essential structures in cities and small communities. Such facilities are closely monitored by several professional institutions, such as OSHA and the NFPA. When it comes to the latter group, guidelines set forth in NFPA 820 are regulations that dictate fire hazards in such facilities. Fire related accidents in wastewater treatment facilities are uncommon. However, ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

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