Sewage Monitoring Articles

  • Open Channel Flow Monitors retired after 16 years continuous service - Case Study

    Long Sault WWTP Influent Flow Monitors Greyline Open Channel Flow Monitors were installed at the Wastewater Treatment Plant in Long Sault, Ontario when the SBR plant was originally commissioned in 1995. But after 16 years of continuous service, components for the old models became obsolete. Plant operators Caneau Water and Sewage Inc. decided to replace the instruments and new Greyline OCF ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Chemical fingerprinting of saline water intrusion into sewage lines

    High salinity in sewage sludge can affect not only the operation of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) but also the quality of treated water generated, thereby limiting its downstream reuse. Using data on geochemical parameters, both for the central WWTP in Abu Dhabi, UAE, and literature values for potential regional saline water sources (e.g., shallow groundwater and regional Arabian Gulf ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Triclosan resistant bacteria in sewage effluent and cross-resistance to antibiotics

    The purpose of this study was to identify triclosan tolerant heterotrophic plate count (HPC) bacteria from sewage effluent and to determine cross-resistance to antibiotics. R2 agar supplemented with triclosan was utilised to isolate triclosan resistant bacteria and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was conducted to identify the isolates. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of organisms were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • European wastewater analysis shows drug-use patterns

    Residents of London and Antwerp are using more cocaine than residents of any other major European cities based on a new examination of wastewater. Londoners are using cocaine the most during the work week — which the study defines as Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday — at 790.5 mg per 1,000 people per day, while Antwerp leads on weekend use — Friday, Saturday, Sunday and Monday ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Influences of rainfall variables and antecedent discharge on urban effluent concentrations and loads in wet weather

    For storm drainages inappropriately connected with sewage, wet weather discharge is a major factor that adversely affects receiving waters. A study of the wet weather influences of rainfall-discharge variables on storm drainages connected with sewage was conducted in the downtown Shanghai area (374 ha). Two indicators, event mean concentration (EMC) and event pollutant load per unit area ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Examining the economies of scale of water and sewage utilities in the urban sector: the case of Israel

    This study applies econometric tools to examine the economies of scale of the water and sewage utilities corporation (utilities) in the urban sector in Israel, and to find whether reducing the number of utilities will maximize efficiency in the urban water sector. Using an econometric analysis of an elasticity Translog cost function, which allows the estimation of returns to scale, the authors ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wet weather flow management

    For years, population explosion, demographic shifts, urbanization, aging infrastructure, limited water resources, and economic development have driven our water market, and with that our world’s need for total water solutions. ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Norovirus genogroups I and II in environmental water samples from Belém city, Northern Brazil

    This study investigated the presence of norovirus (NoV) GI and GII in environmental samples from the northern region of Brazil. Water samples were collected monthly (November 2008/October 2010) from different sources and sewage and concentrated by the adsorption-elution method. The NoV investigation used molecular methods followed by sequencing reactions. The general positivity for NoV was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anglian Water selects Proam ammonia monitor

    Anglian Water (AWS) has selected the Proam ammonia monitor to provide continuous ammonia measurement on final effluent discharge where accurate and reliable measurement is required. One of the most recent installations is at Stanningfield WwTW situated near Bury St. Edmunds, in Suffolk. This is a small rural site receiving primarily domestic sewage. The site performs aerobic ...

  • Monitoring micropollutants in the Swist river basin

    Micropollutant pathways were studied for the Swist river basin (Western Germany). The aim was to verify the effectiveness of a monitoring approach to detect micropollutants entering the river. In a separate sewer system, water was frequently found to be contaminated with micropollutants. Improper connections of sewage canals to the stormwater network seemed to be the cause of pollution. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • LC-MS/MS Method for Evaluation of PPCPs in Environmental Water

    Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) encompass a family of compounds used by individuals for health and cosmetic purposes, as well as compounds used by the agricultural industry to maintain health of livestock. The number of individuals who are using these products is increasing which has caused an increase in environmental detection. The effect on humans and the environment is still ...

  • Concentration of facultative pathogenic bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes during sewage treatment and in receiving rivers

    Whereas the hygienic condition of drinking and bathing water by law must be monitored by culture-based methods, for quantification of microbes and antibiotic resistance in soil or the aquatic environment, often molecular genetic assays are used. For comparison of both methods, knowledge of their correlation is necessary. Therefore the population of total bacteria, Escherichia coli, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration using 5 flow sensors saves the effort of extensive reconstruction measures

    "Abwasserzweckverband Breisgauer Bucht", a municipal association for sewage treatment in the south of Germany, operates a central wastewater treatment plant for its members (29 communities and cities). The WWTP covers a catchment area of 650km² and its treatment capacity is 600.000 population equivalents. The plant is treating wastewater from 375.000 residents as well as from industry and ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Occurrence and fate of endocrine disrupting chemicals in ASP based sewage treatment plant in Hardwar

    The occurrence of emerging contaminants such as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in our water resources is of prime concern. With this context, fate and seasonal variation of six EDCs (testosterone, T; progesterone, P; diethyl phthalate, DEP; dibutyl phthalate, DBP; propyl-paraben, PP and butyl-paraben, BP) were assessed throughout the year, i.e. in rainy, winter, spring and summer ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A modular diagnosis system based on fuzzy logic for UASB reactors treating sewage

    A modular diagnosis system (MDS), based on the framework of fuzzy logic, is proposed for upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors treating sewage. In module 1, turbidity and rainfall information are used to estimate the influent organic content. In module 2, a dynamic fuzzy model is used to estimate the current biogas production from on-line measured variables, such as daily average ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge pretreatment by microwave irradiation combined with activated carbon fibre at alkaline pH for anaerobic digestion

    This research focuses on the effects of microwave-assisted activated carbon fibre (ACF) (MW-ACF) treatment on sewage sludge at alkaline pH. The disintegration and biodegradability of sewage sludge were studied. It was found that the MW-ACF process at alkaline pH provided a rapid and efficient process to disrupt the microbial cells in the sludge. The results suggested that when irradiated at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Monitoring sewage sludge AD for Southern Water

    To check sludge AD, Southern Water uses portable biogas analysers specially developed for AD biogas and based on proven methane and associated gas analysis equipment from Geotech. Southern Water has an important routine; every single day it checks the health of its sewage sludge anaerobic digesters on eighteen sites across Hampshire, IoW, Sussex and Kent. There, each day Southern Water ...

  • Removal of phthalates and pharmaceuticals from municipal wastewater by graphene adsorption process

    In this work graphene was used for evaluation of its adsorption behavior and performance in removing phthalate esters and pharmaceuticals in municipal wastewater. Di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), acetaminophen (ACE), caffeine (CAF), cephalexin (CLX), and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) were emerging contaminants (ECs) with detection frequencies over 92% in a one-year ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Typical Sensor Location Considerations

    The sensor mounting location within a space may be dependent on many variables. There are no specific formulas since each application will have it’s own determining factors and priorities. These include, but are not limited to: source of gas: Is the source a combustion exhaust from a vehicle or furnace or a vapour from a tank spill, pipe leak, or faulty valve? density of ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • How can money be made from sewage?

    The water industry’s seen a clever development take place from Vancouver based company Ostara who has found a way to not only make money from sewage, but also reduce water pollution. The new technology is capable of harvesting phosphorus and ammonia from municipal sewage treatment plants and then create fertiliser pellets from the harvest! So what are ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

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