Sludge Drying Articles

  • Operational strategy, economic and environmental performance of sludge treatment reed bed systems – based on 28 years of experience

    Sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems have been used for dewatering and mineralisation of sludge in Europe since 1988. STRB systems provide substantial environmental, economic, and operational benefits compared to mechanical sludge dewatering solutions such as belt presses and centrifuges. They require less energy, no chemicals, reduce the sludge volume and produce bio solids with dry solid ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation of the effects of temperature and sludge characteristics on odors and VOC emissions during the drying process of sewage sludge

    Sludge drying is a necessary step for sludge disposal. In this study, sludge was collected from two wastewater treatment plants, and dried at different temperatures in the laboratory. The emission of odor and total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) during the sludge drying process were determined by an online odor monitoring system. The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in off-gas were analyzed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge reduction by direct addition of chlorine dioxide into a sequencing batch reactor under operational mode of repeatedly alternating aeration/non-aeration

    The effect of direct addition of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) into a repeatedly alternating aeration/non-aeration sequencing batch reactor (SBR) on its sludge reduction and process performance was investigated. The experimental results showed that the sludge reduction efficiency was 32.9% and the observed growth yield (Yobs) of SBR was 0.11 kg VSS (volatile suspended solids) /kg COD (chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Key issues to consider when using alum sludge as substrate in constructed wetland

    Globally, alum sludge is an easily, locally and largely available by-product from water treatment plants where aluminium sulphate is used as the coagulant for raw water purification. Owing to the high content of Al ions (29.7 ± 13.3% dry weight) in alum sludge and the strong affinity of Al ions to adsorb various pollutants especially phosphorus (P), alum sludge (in the form of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    This study investigated the performance of sludge drying reed beds (SDRB) at full- and pilot-scale treating sludge from septic tanks in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The treatment units, planted with Cynodon spp., were based on an adaptation of the first-stage of the French vertical-flow constructed wetland, originally developed for treating sewage. Two different operational phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Greenhouse gas emissions from sludge treatment reed beds

    Sludge treatment reed bed systems (STRBs) are considered as an alternative technology for surplus sludge treatment. Organic matter is decomposed by various microbial reactions, resulting in gases such as CO2 and CH4 emitting into the atmosphere. The aim of this study is to investigate gas emission from STRBs. The static transparent chamber was adopted to measure gas emission; it allows ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge reduction at low ozone doses: predictive effects and full-scale study

    The activated sludge process is the most widely used wastewater treatment. The main drawback of this technology is the excess sludge production (ESP). The ozonation of sludge of the recirculation line is used to reduce the ESP. In this study, ozonation was applied on a fraction of sludge of the recirculation line in a full-scale plant (50,000 population equivalent) at a lower–specific ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High dry solids digestion

    Abstract Digestion of sewage sludge normally takes place at pH values between 7,0 and 7,5. Control methods of the process stability are based on practical experience such as the ratio of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and total alkalinity (TA). Thermal sludge disintegration for an enhanced digestion process allows a digester feed with higher dry solids concentrations. This is due to an ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Sharon

    Abstract SHARON8 is a very cost-effective treatment system for the total removal of nitrogen components, through nitriflcation/denithfication. from wastewater flow streams containing high concentrations of nitrogen. The system is used for the treatment of municipal wastewater side streams from both dewatered digested primary sludge and waste activated biosolids to achieve high total ...

  • Sludge accumulation pattern inside oxidation ditch case study

    The sludge accumulation pattern of an oxidation ditch (OD) plant treating municipal wastewater was observed under dry and wet weather conditions, during 3 years of operation. The accumulation patterns along the ditches and their rates were revealed. In addition, the composition of the accumulation was investigated. Finally, the ratio of sand and volatile particles, mixed liquor suspended solids ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biosolids- Considering the Types, Applications and Biosolids Drying Methods

    While some water treatment plants are meant to simply make the sludge safe enough to dispose of, most facilities continue to treat the sludge so that the material can be put to good use in their communities. Once sludge is treated and processed to meet EPA safety standards for productive use, the resulting nutrient-rich organic material is termed as biosolids. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The thin-layer drying characteristics of sewage sludge by the appropriate foaming pretreatment

    As dewatered sludge is highly viscous and sticky, the combination of foaming pretreatment and drying process seems to be an alternative method to improve the drying performance of dewatered sludge. In this study, CaO addition followed by mechanical whipping was employed for foaming the dewatered sludge. It was found that the foams were stable and the diameters of bubbles mainly ranged from 0.1 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental assessment of different dewatering and drying methods on the basis of life cycle assessment

    Sewage sludge is an inevitable product of wastewater treatment in municipal wastewater plants and its amount has increased dramatically due to the growing number of sewage systems users. This sludge needs to be adequately treated in order to decrease its hazardous properties and any negative influence on the environment. In this paper, gate to gate analysis, on the basis of life cycle assessment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • VacuDry Indirect heated vacuum thermal Desorption by econ industries - case study

    With the VacuDry8 technology the energy-efficient treatment of hazardous and industrial waste as well as contaminated soil, oil sludge and secondary raw material is realized. Controlled vacuum and heat are used to separate minerals from oil, solvents, mercury and other hazardous substances.    At the core of the econ VacuDry8 process is a specially designed dryer chamber which ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Centralised treatment of oil sludge and other industrial waste - case study

    Centralised treatment of various sources of industrial waste has been established in many European countries over the last decade. Many facilities are still equipped with non state of the art technology and therefore cannot fulfil the broad field of applications with regard to industrial waste remediation, econ's international client decided to be one step ahead and erected a new econ industries ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Remediation of refinery waste, oil sludge from lagoons and contaminated soils - case study

    The first VacuDry plant installed at a refinery is designed to treat waste which has accumulated over the last decades, as well as waste that will be generated inside the refinery in the future. The semi-mobile system has a capacity of 1.5 to 2 tons per hour. The plant is designed for maximum flexibility and can treat different types of refinery wastes ranging from dry soil to wet centrifuge ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Dredged sludge filtration - case study

    YEAR: 2009 COUNTRY: BELGIUM N° and MACHINERY MODEL EMPLOYED: 12  GHT 2000.P19 MEM Diemme® Filtration In Antwerp Harbour, lots of sediment accumulates, equal to 600,000 tons of dry material, which caused a gradual decrease in depth with the consequent reduction in navigability. Since a few years ago, the ...

  • Sludge Drying Overview - Treatment Methods and Applications

    Sludge is a residual, semi-solid by-product left from industrial or refining processes. It is a separated solid suspended in a liquid, typically containing major quantities of interstitial water between its solid particles.  This material can be dried to cut its volume and reduce most of the moisture content of the biosolids present in the sludge. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • French vertical flow constructed wetlands: a need of a better understanding of the role of the deposit layer

    French vertical flow constructed wetlands, treating directly raw wastewater, have become the main systems implemented for communities under 2,000 population equivalent in France. Like in sludge drying reed beds, an organic deposit layer is formed over time at the top surface of the filter. This deposit layer is a key factor in the performance of the system as it impacts hydraulic, gas transfers, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start-up of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor at brewery case study

    Start-up Seed Sludge Augmented Using Microcat - UASB BioBlend Problem The commissioning of a new wastewater treatment system consisting of an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASB) can be slow and expensive. In this case the UASB is followed by an aerobic activated sludge treatment system at a brewery.The system is located in a rapidly growing part of ...


    By Bioscience, Inc.

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